We are all aware of the term menopause. Before getting some insights about the same, let’s have a proper understanding of what is menopause. In layman language, menopause is the time when a woman’s periods stop permanently and she can no longer conceive. This means you do not have any bleeding or even spotting for 12 months straight and in the future.
This phenomenon is very much about women’s age. The average age of menopause among women in India is 48. There is a saying:
“Menopause is your return to where you were before when your hormone levels are the same as a pre-adolescent girl’s.”
Another term associated with menopause is ‘Perimenopause’. Perimenopause is basically the transitional phase to menopause which starts in a woman in her mid 40s. You can also say that it is the average time of four years before a woman’s periods stop completely and she reaches menopause.
Menopause is the period in a woman’s life (usually between 45-50) when menstruation ceases. After reaching menopause, ovaries produce very low levels of hormones such as estrogen and progesterone. This further drops the chances of pregnancy to zero and could raise the risk for certain health problems. Before discussing those postmenopausal health problems, let’s put some light on the symptoms that occur before menopause.
- Irregular periods
- Lower fertility
- Vaginal dryness
- Hot flashes
- Excessive sweating
- Urinary tract infections
- Mood swings
- Fat buildup in the abdomen area
- Hair loss
10 Health Risks Women Face After Menopause
A woman’s body is beautiful, irrespective of shape and color. Womanhood itself is so beautiful and is a blessing. But there are several transitional phases in a woman’s life where she is prone to many health risks. Those health risks are easy to combat by a professional or doctor’s consultation. Let’s throw some light on this subject.
We will be discussing 10 major health risks women face post menopause:
- Osteoporosis: Due to low estrogen after menopause, a woman’s body tends to lose bone mass much more quickly than before and could result in fractures even on a low impact hit. Bones become brittle, weak and break easily.
- Heart diseases: The most dreadful fear can also plunge post-menopause. Nearly one-third of women develop cardiovascular diseases. Due to diminishing estrogen, the flexibility of the blood vessels is lost. Hence, they cannot expand and contract like before for proper blood flow and accommodation. Women’s heart suddenly becomes vulnerable due to thick artery walls which are a result of high blood pressure.
- Lead poisoning: Due to brittle bones, the lead is easily released into the bloodstream after bone breakage causing dementia, affecting kidneys and memory to think.
- Urinary incontinence: The elasticity of tissues of the vagina and urethra loses and that causes sudden uncontrollable urges to urinate. Involuntary loss of urine while sneezing, coughing and laughing are also some noticeable problems for some women.
- Oral issues: Dry mouth and other oral health problems are also commonly observed after menopause.
- Breast cancer: The change in hormone levels can affect breast tissues causing pain, soreness which could be breast cancer symptoms.
- Weight gain: Due to loss of estrogen, the abrupt fat shifting occurs in a woman’s body, especially abdomen area. Regular exercising and proper eating habits can help curb this issue.
- Vaginal dryness: It is very common after menopause. Due to no production of estrogen, vulva lips and vagina becomes thinner and less elastic leading to dryness.
- Insomnia: Due to less production of sleep producing hormones, sleeplessness could be felt leading to lethargy and fatigue.
- Muscle stiffness: Due to the drop in hormone levels, joint pain and muscle stiffness could be experienced.
In this contemporary world, we discuss womanhood and celebrate long due issues like women’s rights and empowerment. But, it is vital to make them aware of pre and post-menopausal health and wellness. For this, various campaigns and workshops can spread awareness about proper consultation and medical professional advice for a healthy and trouble-free life ahead.