Uterine fibroids are noncancerous tumors made of smooth muscle cells that grow in the uterus or get attached to the uterine wall. Fibroids may grow singly or in clusters and can lead to strong abdominal pain, heavy flow during menstruation, pelvic pain, frequent urge to urinate or painful intercourse. Many women with uterine fibroids may not have any of the symptoms and only an ultrasound can depict the presence of fibroid.
Uterine fibroids can be classified into different types depending on their location in the uterus: -
The location at which a fibroid grows inside the uterus and the size of the fibroid can immensely affect the fertility of a woman. And if the fibroid develops during pregnancy it can lead to complications. Submucosal fibroids, that develops inside the cavity of uterus cause infertility and pregnancy complications. Largely sized fibroids, often more than 5 cm in diameter can severely affect fertility in women.
Following are the major reasons as to why fibroids lead to infertility in a woman: -
In general, women having uterine fibroids do not face issues with conceiving. If in case you experience infertility or recurrent miscarriage it is sensible to consult a doctor. The doctor will help determine the accurate cause of infertility which may be uterine fibroids.
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