Urinary Tract Infections

“Urinary Tract Infection or UTI is the acute bacterial infection of the urinary tract including Urethra and Urinary Bladder. On an average, there are around 8 million females with the complaint of UTI each year.”

What exactly can cause UTI?

It is actually easy to catch a urinary tract infection. Bacteria that naturally resides in the vagina, genitals, or the anal areas can at times enter the urethra. It may further proceed to the urinary bladder, causing an infection. This scenario can occur during sexual activities when the bacteria from the partner’s genitals or anus gets pushed into the other’s urethra. 

UTIs can also occur due to chlamydia, gonorrhea, or other organisms.

Although UTIs do not spread during sexual or any other activity from one person to another like the STDs. But, sexual intercourse can worsen the existing UTIs in women. Sexual intercourse cannot cause a UTI. 

To understand the causes of UTI, just remember that anything that can bring or push the bacteria to the urethra can cause a UTI.

Common causes of UTI include: 

  • Previous history of UTIs
  • Menopause
  • Uncontrolled Diabetes
  • Obesity
  • Use of spermicides or diaphragm
  • Having kidney stones or other obstructions in the urinary tract

It is mostly difficult to diagnose the exact cause of UTI as so many things can lead to it.

Also Read: What can be the possible reasons behind UTI?

Look for these Common Symptoms of UTI

“Approximately, 1 in 3 women has or will have a UTI until they reach the age of 26 years.’’

The most common symptom of a UTI  is urgent and urgent urge to pee. The female might also feel like she needs to pee very often, even right after one visit to the washroom. Other UTI symptoms are:

  • Pain or burning while urinating 
  • Cloudy or foul-smelling urine
  • Blood or pus in the urine
  • Soreness
  • Cramps and Pain in the lower back and abdomen area

In certain cases, if the infection is left untreated, it can also spread to the kidneys. The symptoms in that case can be:

  • Back pain, mostly in the lower back or the right or left of the spine
  • Fever or chills
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Fatigue

The infection gets serious if the infection spreads to the kidneys. In that case, immediate treatment is required.

Do not Delay the Treatment 

If not given the right treatment, it can even spread further and also cause a kidney infection. So, it should be kept in mind that even though UTIs are common, they can be pretty serious and their treatment should not be avoided or delayed. Urinary Tract Infections can be usually treated effectively with antibiotics. Make sure to take the full medication given by the gynecologist, even after the symptoms go away. Consult your gynaecologist for measures to prevent recurrence of UTIs. 

Also Read: What to do After Sex to Keep Your Vagina Healthy

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