Minimally Invasive Surgery is a practice in which telescopic instruments are introduced into the body through one or more small incisions in which a narrow tube called a cannula has been inserted. To carry out surgery inside the body, your surgeon inserts a slender optical telescope through cannulas. The image seen by the endoscope is projected and enlarged onto flat screen image systems. The surgery is done by adjustment of the endoscope to obtain different views and by controlling the telescopic instruments as they emerge on the screen.
The different types of minimally invasive surgeries are –
- Single-incision Laparoscopic Surgery
- Multiple-Incision MIS
- Natural Orifice Transluminal Endoscopic Surgery
- Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery
- Robotic Surgery
Pros/Advantages of Minimally-Invasive Surgery:
- Reduced trauma to nerves, tissues, and muscles.
- A lesser amount of blood loss.
- Reduced pain.
- Quick recovery.
- Early return to normal life.
- Generally the same-day surgery.
- Increased patient satisfaction.
- Fewer chances of infection.
- Reduced scarring.
It is having fewer cons which may vary from person to person. Some may not be compatible with any kind of surgery. Some may face the risk of abdominal adhesions and some may have complications due to carbon dioxide.
One should not bother about the consequences as these are temporary and can be overcome by in taking some of the medicines. Try availing Laser surgeries which have fewer complications and better results.