Why do ovarian cysts rupture?
Before we understand the reason behind the rupture, it’s important to know about ovarian cysts. These cysts are sacs that develop in the ovaries and filled with fluid. You might not even realize that you have developed an ovarian cyst. According to the ovulation process, there are different types of cysts. There are two categories- follicular cysts and corpus luteum cysts.
- Follicular cysts:- These develop when the follicle that holds the egg in the ovaries don’t break open to release the egg. Several women are unaware of the fact that the cyst ultimately goes away within one to three months.
- Corpus luteum cysts:– These cysts develop when the follicle doesn’t dissolve after releasing the egg. There can be an accumulation of fluid inside the sac which gives rise to a corpus luteum cyst.
There are other types of cysts that can develop in the reproductive system. For instance, there are dermoid cysts that grow due to the accumulation of hair, fat and other tissue. In addition to this, there is the growth of cysts due to tissue growing outside the uterus (endometriomas). Sometimes these cysts can rupture and cause extreme pain.
What are the symptoms of a ruptured ovarian cyst?
Each person’s physiology is different. Generally, when an ovarian cyst bursts, it doesn’t show any symptoms because the fluid from the cyst gets absorbed by the body. But there are some particular symptoms that signify that you have a ruptured ovarian cyst. Some of them are discussed below-
- A pain which is dull or sharp and occurs only on one side of the lower abdomen
- Feeling heavy or full in the abdomen
- Feeling bloated
- Fever accompanied by pain
- Vomiting followed by pain
- A feeling of dizziness or weakness
- Rapid and short breathing
- Skin is cold to touch
Our Pristyn Care gynecologist, Dr. Garima Sawhney suggests visiting the clinic if you experience abdominal pain that doesn’t seem to subside even after consuming over-the-counter painkillers. According to her, there can be other reasons for such symptoms such as ovarian torsion. Proper treatment can be prescribed only after proper diagnosis and tests.
Also Read: Home Remedies for Ovarian Cysts
What is the treatment for a ruptured ovarian cyst?
The complete treatment of the ruptured ovarian cyst can be divided into two sections- diagnosis and the proper treatment.
Diagnosis of ruptured ovarian cyst-
After visiting the clinic, the gynecologist will do a pelvic exam. After that, she might recommend some tests to rule out any other possibilities- pregnancy, appendicitis or kidney stone. Gynecologists recommend the following tests-
- Pregnancy test to determine if pregnancy is the reason behind the development of the cyst
- A blood test to check if there is any infection or iron level in the blood
- Urine tests to rule out other possibilities such as kidney stones, appendicitis, etc.
- Ultrasound tests help to determine the size, location, shape, and composition of the cyst
- CT scan to produce a detailed image of the area to understand the complication better
Treatment of ruptured ovarian cyst-
The gynecologist prescribes treatment options depending on the tests and the pelvic exam. The treatment that the doctor prescribes are as follows-
It is the surgical intervention performed to check inside the abdominal cavity. This is performed to check the reason behind abdominal pain. Before this, a biopsy can be conducted to determine whether the cyst has turned cancerous.
This is a minimally invasive surgery which ensures a faster recovery and minimal bleeding. In this procedure, the doctor makes several small incisions and inserts a device known as the laparoscope that helps the doctor to locate the cyst and take it out. We, at Pristyn Care, provide surgeries using this technique, for the several advantages it offers. The benefits of the laparoscopic technique are mentioned below-
- Almost no pain
- Faster recovery
- No visible scarring
- Reduced risk of infection
What should I expect after ruptured ovarian cyst treatment?
After the treatment, take medicines to subside the pain as prescribed by the doctor. You might feel dizzy but take an ample amount of rest. Go to your follow up visits diligently for imaging tests to be sure that the cyst has been completely removed. Call your doctor as soon as experience the following-
- Sudden pain in the abdomen or pelvis
- Followed by nausea and vomiting
What happens if a ruptured ovarian cyst is left untreated?
Mostly the ovarian cysts are non-cancerous in nature and go away on their own. Although the rupturing of the ovarian cyst is a very rare condition, it can cause intense pain and internal bleeding. If the ovarian cyst rupture, it increases the risk of infection which can ultimately turn out to be fatal. There can be damage to the blood vessels, nerves, muscles or nearby pelvic structures.
To conclude, the ruptured ovarian cyst can be life-threatening. Hence, delaying its treatment is not advisable because it can affect your fertility too. If you experience any of the above-mentioned symptoms, consult with the doctor immediately. More complications are likely to occur if you have developed not one but multiple cysts (PCOD). You can also talk to our gynecologist, to find out what exactly is troubling you.