What is the Risk of Miscarriage?

What is the Risk of Miscarriage?


  1. A successful pregnancy is a result of multiple factors and even one factor that went wrong can result in miscarriage. or as more commonly known as ‘missed abortion’.

    Statistics suggest that almost 50-25% of all pregnancies result in miscarriages even before the woman recognizes that she was pregnant. This risk is also disturbingly common in the first trimester. March of dimes report that almost 80% of miscarriages happen in the first 0-8 weeks of pregnancy, while the risk slows down to less than 5 % as a woman enters her 9th or 10th week. The same limits to less than 1% post 20 weeks.

    Multiple factors risk miscarriage. Some commonly recognized are:

    Incompetent Cervix: As the name signifies, this is when a woman’s cervix dilates larger than normal. This makes the miscarriage inevitable and is a common cause of spontaneous abortions.

    Uterine Abnormalities: As a woman’s uterus is the home to the unborn baby and the palace where it develops, any abnormalities in its lining/ functioning/ structure inadveratently leads to miscarriage/ complications. Some of the common underlying reasons are endometriosis and symptomatic fibroids.

    Parent’s age: Since pregnancy is nothing but a successful development of a man and woman’s primary cells, the age and quality of these eggs matter unequivocably. And as both these factors are best when under 35, chances of a successful pregnancy are higher when younger. As a woman is also responsible for carrying the child in her uterus, her age matters slightly more than the male partner’s. This is also because with advancement in age, a woman’s uterus risks infections, fibroids, and structural complications.

    Chromosomal problems: Chromosomal problems, as the name suggests are when the fetus ingrains genetic irregularities during conception. Worldwide, this is the most common cause of miscarriage among women.

    Improper plantation of the fetus: This is when despite the successful fertilization of the egg, the zygote implants improperly to the uterus. This then inadvertently creates problems in pregnancy.

    Problems with placenta: This is a rare condition where the placenta develops abnormally, the child does not receive proper blood supply.

    Hormonal Irregularities: This is when a woman’s hormonal balance takes a spin and the body does not generate enough hormones to regulate the conceived pregnancy. This is often a result of PCOS/ other coexisting morbidities such as irregulated thyroid. When dealt with at the right time, it can be prevented with a few lifestyle changes and additional medication.

    Infection: This is usually when a woman’s body marks a physical reaction against eating something unsettling/ ingesting a reactive medicine/ engaging in disturbing sexual intercourse or being exposed to certain urinary tract infections. This causes a strong burning sensation, abdominal pain, nausea, diarrhea, food poisoning, and in the most severe cases- miscarriage.

    This is especially threatening during the first trimester. We suggest you read/ this to know more about the kind of foods that might risk infection/ miscarriage during pregnancy.

    Exposure to certain toxic agents/ radiation: Another growingly common reason for miscarriages is continuous exposure to pollution, toxic agents, occupational hazards, or radiation. This causes various health conditions such as difficulty in breathing, irregularities in hormonal balance, infection, and diarrhea.

    PCOS: Poly Cystic Ovarian Syndrome is another common cause of miscarriage among women. Reports suggest one woman among every ten are now undergoing PCOS symptoms. This is serious and requires continuous self and medical attention.

    Unregulated Thyroid/ Diabetes/ Kidney disease: Co-morbidities such as these risk causing infection and hormonal imbalance and hence, the chances of miscarriage.

    Lifestyle factors: Certain lifestyle factors such as smoking/ drinking/ consumption of recreational drugs/ extremely passive lifestyle also risk miscarriage. These are strictly advised against and any inclusion of such is an unwarranted threat.

    Accidents: Accidents during pregnancy, especially in the womb as obviously and inadvertently dangerous to both- the mother and the child. This is why be extremely precautious and choose safety over everything.

    While not every factor can be kept in check all the time, we recommend you follow a strictly restrictive diet and lifestyle, especially for the first trimester. Also, please include lots of fresh fruits, home-cooked vegetables, and your doctor’s prescribed multivitamins and supplements.

    While home care is primary and usually results in successful conception and delivery, certain unwarranted herbs, medicines, and exercises are known to increase the risk of miscarriage. This is especially true in women above the age of 30 years.

    Also, we suggest you choose your OBGYN wisely and maintain regular follow-ups. At times, the pregnancy is ectopic, that is, the child develops outside the uterus. Any such pregnancy must be aborted. Delay risks the bursting of the uterine lining, internal bleeding, gynecological complications, and even death.

    In case you experience any spotting/ bleeding/ abdominal pain, contact your Gyne immediately. You might be at the risk of miscarriage or experiencing one. In either case, you would require a surgical cleaning, that is D & C. Dilation and Cutterage (D&C) is a necessary medical procedure where your OBGYN cleans the inside of your uterus and gently scrapes off the remnants of the dead fetus. This is an inadvertent necessity to ensure complete abortion and nullify the chances of infection and sepsis.

    At times women also experience ‘silent miscarriages’, that is when the fetus has already died but does not expel naturally. Here too, D& C becomes irrefutable.

    For your reference, /here is a list of some of the best, most experienced, and reputed female OBGYN in India. You can contact them directly through/site

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