If you are unable to conceive after regular unprotected sex for more than a year, seek medical help. To confirm infertility, and to help you with the best treatment, the doctor needs to do a few tests. This may include ovulation testing, a blood test, hysterosalpingography, ovarian reserve testing, hormone testing. Besides these, the doctor will also need to do imaging tests to look for any uterine or fallopian tube disease. A laparoscopic test can also help the doctor to identify endometriosis, blockages or any other abnormalities in the fallopian tubes, ovaries or uterus.
The treatment will depend on the evaluation of the infertility. Depending on the cause, the doctor might suggest medication or surgery.
The doctor might recommend medications like Clomiphene which are used to stimulate the ovary to release one or more eggs. The medications also work to adjust your hormonal levels. The doctor might also recommend Luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone which are used to stimulate the ovaries to release eggs.
When medications fail, the doctor might suggest you to undergo surgical treatments where matured eggs are harvested after fertility drug treatment. This includes Intrauterine insemination (IUI) and In vitro fertilization (IVF).