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What is Hysteroscopy?

Hysteroscopy is the process by which a gynecologist examines the health and functioning of a woman’s reproductive system. A small device, called a hysteroscope, is inserted through the uterus. It has a light and camera mounted which enables the doctor to view the cervix and the uterus closely. A hysteroscopy may also involve some kind of surgery. During operative hysteroscopy, small instruments are used to correct the condition that is inserted through the hysteroscope.



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Hysteroscopy is needed to diagnose the following conditions  <br>Uterine Fibroids


Abnormal Menstrual Bleeding


Uterine Septum


Uterine Adhesions



For diagnostic purposes, hysteroscopy can be performed in the gynecologist’s clinic by administering local anesthesia. Small polyps can also be removed in this procedure. But, when the hysteroscopy is done in conjunction with a more in-depth surgical procedure, it is done in a hospital under local or general anesthesia.


Your doctor will first open the cervix with a device called a speculum. The doctor will then insert the hysteroscope through your vaginal opening and continue inserting it through the cervix and then into your uterus. A liquid or carbon dioxide gas will then be gently passed into your uterus to clear the surface and to help widen it slightly.

The light and camera at the end of the hysteroscope will allow the doctor to see the uterus and fallopian tubes. This allows them to diagnose any issues or to perform any surgical procedures necessary. If the procedure is being done for surgery, the surgical instruments will also be put through the hysteroscope tube to perform the surgery.

The process shouldn’t be painful. However, you may get some cramping during the procedure. Your doctor may give you some sedative to make you relaxed.

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Pristyn Care is COVID-19 safe

Your safety is taken care of by thermal screening, social distancing, sanitized clinics and hospital rooms, sterilized surgical equipment and mandatory PPE kits during surgery.

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Assisted Surgery Experience

A dedicated Medical Coordinator assists you throughout the surgery journey from insurance paperwork, to free commute from home to hospital & back and admission-discharge process at the hospital.

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Medical Expertise With Technology

Our surgeons spend a lot of time with you to diagnose your condition. You are assisted in all pre-surgery medical diagnostics. We offer advanced laser and laparoscopic surgical treatment. Our procedures are USFDA approved.

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Post Surgery Care

We offer free follow-up consultations and instructions including dietary tips as well as exercises to every patient to ensure they have a smooth recovery to their daily routines.

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Frequently Asked Questions

Is hysteroscopy performed under anesthesia?

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What is hysteroscopy?

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What conditions can make hysteroscopy more difficult or impossible to perform?

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When can I go home after a hysteroscopy?

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What happens after a hysteroscopy?

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What are the risks of hysteroscopy?

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Who performs a hysteroscopy?

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Can I die from a hysteroscopy?

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Hysteroscopy Overview

Hysteroscopy is the surgical procedure carried to look inside the uterus to diagnose or treat the cause of abnormal uterine bleeding. Hysteroscopy is performed using a thin tube known as a hysteroscope. During the procedure, a hysteroscope is inserted into the vagina to examine the cervix and inside of the uterus. Hysteroscopy can be either diagnostic or operativ...


Who needs a Hysteroscopy?

During a hysteroscopy, the patient lies on her back with her legs wide open. The gynecologist then gently inserts a hysteroscope, a thin tube with a light on the end into the vagina. The hysteroscope goes inside through the birth canal. The gynecologist will be able to look into the cervix and inside the uterus. If the gynecologist diagnosis anything abnormal, she may take a sample and send it for further tests later.

The most common reason for a woman to undergo hysteroscopy is abnormally longer or heavier menstrual cycle, or bleeding even when the female is not having her periods.

Other reasons for which a woman may need a Hysteroscopy are:

  • Abnormal Pap test results

  • Bleeding after menopause.

  • Fibroids, polyps, or scarring in the uterus.

  • The female has previously had one or more more miscarriage or is having problems getting pregnant.

  • The doctor requires a small tissue sample for biopsy of the endometrium, the inner lining of the uterus.

  • The female has to undergo a sterilization procedure as a permanent method of birth control.

  • The female’s IUD has come out of place and needs to be checked.

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Types of Hysteroscopy

There are two types of hysteroscopies, diagnostic, and therapeutic hysteroscopy.

A female needs a diagnostic hysteroscopy when the doctor needs to investigate the cause or type of abnormal uterine bleeding or AUB. Abnormal uterine bleeding occurs when the female’s menstrual cycle is heavier or longer and is happening more frequently than normal. Abnormal bleeding can also occur if the female is in her prepubescent or postmenopausal phase.

The other type of hysteroscopy performed is therapeutic hysteroscopy. The therapeutic hysteroscopy involves the use of the hysteroscope as a surgical instrument. A female cannot undergo any hysteroscopy if she is having her period.

What is Diagnostic Hysteroscopy?

Diagnostic hysteroscopy is carried out with the aim to diagnose the abnormalities and problems of the uterus. The procedure can also be performed in order to confirm the results of other tests like hysterosalpingography (HSG), X-ray dye test which is done to diagnose or look at the uterus and fallopian tubes of the patient. Diagnostic hysteroscopy can be carried out in one sitting.

During the laparoscopic procedure, the doctor inserts an endoscope ( a thin tube having a fiber-optic camera on its top) into the abdomen of the female. The procedure is done in order to observe the outer side of the uterus, ovaries or the fallopian tubes. The doctor inserts the endoscope inside the patient’s abdomen through an incision made below the navel.

What is Therapeutic Hysteroscopy?

Therapeutic hysteroscopy is carried out to treat an abnormal condition detected during the diagnostic hysteroscopy. If the doctor detects an abnormal condition at the time of the diagnostic hysteroscopy, a therapeutic hysteroscopy can be done at the same time. This saves the patient’s time and also there is no need to go through another surgery. During the therapeutic hysteroscopy, the doctor will insert small surgical instruments through the hysteroscope. These instruments are used to treat abnormalities or conditions.


Dilation and curation are required in case a female has abnormal uterine bleeding. This procedure is performed to diagnose or treat the abnormality in the uterus. The D&C can be performed for two purposes:


A procedure known as D&C is often carried out adjacent to hysteroscopy. A type of D&C called Endometrial D&C is performed in order to diagnose the condition of the patient in cases mentioned below:

  • If the female has AUB

  • If the female is having bleeding after menopause

  • If the doctor or gynecologist has noticed abnormal cells in the endometrium (inner lining of the uterus) during examination or tests for Cervical Cancer.

To perform this test, the doctor first has to collect tissue samples from the inner lining of the uterus. The doctor will then send the tissue samples to the lab for testing the following conditions:

  • Uterine Polyps

  • Uterine Cancer

  • Endometrial Hyperplasia


During therapeutic D&C, the doctor has to remove the contents from the inner lining of the uterus. The doctor may also need to clear out the tissues that have remained in the uterus after an abortion, miscarriage in order to prevent heavy bleeding. D&C may also be performed to remove a molar pregnancy. In this case, a tumor is formed in the uterus instead of a normal pregnancy. It needs to be removed with the D&C procedure. The doctor also performs D&C to clear the placenta that may have remained in the uterus and is causing heavy bleeding. The removal of cervical or uterine polyps ( generally non-cancerous ones ) can also require the D&C procedure.

For certain medical cases, the doctor may require to perform D&C along with a Hysteroscopy. In the procedure of hysteroscopy, the doctor inserts a thin, fine hysteroscope with a camera on its head inside the vagina, to the uterus. The doctor can then see and examine the inner lining of the uterus on the screen. This is performed to look for any abnormalities or polyps inside the uterus.


The complications involved with hysteroscopy are extremely low. But, it is still suggested to discuss with your doctor about any possible risks and complications before the procedure is performed. Recovery from a hysteroscopy is simple, quick and not complicated, and there are generally no lasting effects. The female may only have mild cramping or discomfort for the first couple of days after the procedure.

Benefits of hysteroscopy

  • Short hospital stay

  • Short recovery time

  • Fewer painkillers needed after surgery

  • An alternate of hysterectomy

  • Possibly avoids the need for open abdominal surgery

Is Hysteroscopy a safe procedure?

Hysteroscopy is considered a safe procedure. However, just like any other type of surgery or medical procedure, there are risks possible. But, the chances of having risks or complications with Hysteroscopy are as low as 1 percent. Such complications include:

  • Risks linked to anesthesia

  • Risk of Infection

  • Bleeding

  • Damage or injury to the cervix, uterus, bowel or bladder

  • Scarring

  • Reaction or allergy used to expand the uterus

When should hysteroscopy be carried out?

The doctor may recommend undergoing the hysteroscopy after the first week after the patient’s period cycle. At this time, the doctor will be able to have a clear view of the inside of the uterus. Hysteroscopy is also carried out in order to determine the reason behind unexplained bleeding or spotting after menopause in women.

What to expect after the hysteroscopy?

If local or general anesthesia is given to the patient during the hysteroscopy, the doctor will advise the patient to remain in the hospital under observation for several hours. After the procedure, the female may have mild cramping or slight vaginal bleeding for one or two days. The female may also have shoulder pain in case the gas was used during the hysteroscopy. It is also usual to feel faint nauseous or sick. In case the patient has other symptoms as the ones mentioned below, it is suggested to consult your doctor:

  • Fever

  • Severe abdominal cramps or pain

  • Heavy bleeding or discharge

Hysteroscopy is generally a minor safe and surgery and does not require the patient to stay overnight in the hospital. However, in some cases, if the doctor observes complications or reaction with anesthesia, an overnight stay may be suggested for better recovery and care.

Bottom Line

The doctor may suggest hysteroscopy to a female for several different reasons. These are cases when a minor procedure may be required for the long term health and well being of the female. Call at our number to ask any questions in your mind.

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