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What are Vaginal Cysts?

Cysts are sac-like lumps which are filled with air, fluid, or any other substance. Generally, cysts are not harmful or painful.Cysts can vary in size, from too small as salt to large as the size of an orange. A person can have these cysts anywhere on the body, including the genitals. A female of any age can have vaginal cysts. Vaginal cysts can be caused due to several reasons including injury to the vagina during childbirth, due to benign tumors in the vagina, or due to the buildup of fluids.



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Abscess formation (accumulation of pus and fluid)


Intense pain, redness and swelling in the vagina


Recurrence of the cysts


Improper surgery that damages the vaginal lining

Blockage of a duct or gland where some or other material start collecting


Tenderness of the vagina

Formation of a lump near the vaginal opening

Discomfort during intercourse, walking, exercising, or upon inserted

Infection in the vagina

Pain due to infected vaginal cysts



During a pelvic exam, the gynecologist may feel the mass (cyst) on the vaginal wall. The gynecologist will then review the patient’s medical history and ask about the symptoms that the patient is having. The gynecologist might also suggest undergoing additional tests to rule out other conditions. The tests may include:

  • Biopsy of a tissue sample from the cyst to diagnose the possibility of vaginal cancer
  • Tests on the secretions or discharge from the vagina or cervix to find out if the patient has a sexually transmitted infection (STI).
  • An ultrasound, MRI or CT scan to see the detailed images of cyst.


In most cases, vaginal cysts are not serious and do not require medical treatment. But, if the patient experiences any discomfort or pain due to the size of the cyst, infection or abscess, treatment is required. Following are the treatment options for Vaginal Cysts:

  • Antibiotics are prescribed if the vaginal cyst is infected, or in cases where the patient has a sexually transmitted infection. If the patient has an abscess, the doctor will firstly drain out the abscess. No antibiotics are needed after the abscess has been drained .
  • The gynecologist may suggest the female to take Sitz baths, several times a day for 3-4 days. Soaking in warm water may treat a small infected vaginal cyst. Warm sitz bath will help the cyst to burst and drain out with no further intervention required.
  • The treatment option of “Marsupialization” is suitable for recurring vaginal cyst or bothersome cysts. In case of Marsupialization, the gynecologist put stitches on both sides of the drainage incision in order to form a permanent opening. A rubber tube is then inserted to drain for a few days post procedure. This is done to help prevent recurrence of the cyst.
  • In rare cases of Bartholin cysts, gland removal is the only treatment option for the patient. However, this situation occurs in very rare cases.
  • Infected or large cysts may require surgical drainage in order to remove the pus or contents. This is usually done under the influence of local anesthesia or sedation. The doctor will make a small incision in the cyst to drain it. After draining, the doctor will put a small rubber tube in the incision so that the cyst can remain open for several weeks and drain completely.

Why Pristyn Care ?

Pristyn Care is COVID-19 safe

Pristyn Care is COVID-19 safe

Your safety is taken care of by thermal screening, social distancing, sanitized clinics and hospital rooms, sterilized surgical equipment and mandatory PPE kits during surgery.

Assisted Surgery Experience

Assisted Surgery Experience

A dedicated Medical Coordinator assists you throughout the surgery journey from insurance paperwork, to free commute from home to hospital & back and admission-discharge process at the hospital.

Medical Expertise With Technology

Medical Expertise With Technology

Our surgeons spend a lot of time with you to diagnose your condition. You are assisted in all pre-surgery medical diagnostics. We offer advanced laser and laparoscopic surgical treatment. Our procedures are USFDA approved.

Post Surgery Care

Post Surgery Care

We offer free follow-up consultations and instructions including dietary tips as well as exercises to every patient to ensure they have a smooth recovery to their daily routines.

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Frequently Asked Questions

What is a vaginal cyst?

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How can I prevent having vaginal cysts?

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What do vaginal cysts look like?

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What is the treatment for vaginal cysts?

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Are there any symptoms of a vaginal cyst?

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Will vaginal cyst come back after surgery?

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What are common types of vaginal cysts ?

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Who is the best gynecologist for vaginal cyst?

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Types of Vaginal Cysts

  • Bartholin's gland cysts: Bartholin's gland cysts are cysts formed in the Bartholin's glands, which are present on both sides of the vaginal opening. These glands produce fluid which lubricates the labia, the outer lips of the vagina.
  • Inclusion cysts: Most commonly, inclusion cysts are formed on the lower back of the vaginal wall. These cysts are very small in size and are unlikely to get noticed. Inclusion cysts are also one of the most common types of vaginal cysts. They may be caused by injury during childbirth or surgery.
  • Müllerian cysts: Müllerian cysts form as a result of the material left behind during the development of the baby. These cysts can grow anywhere on the vaginal walls and can also contain mucus.
  • Gartner's duct cysts: These cysts occur when the ducts in the developing embryo do not vanish (like they should) after the baby is born. Over the time, these leftover ducts can form vaginal cysts.


It is nearly impossible for a female to prevent the growth of vaginal cysts. However, keeping the vagina as clean as possible, practicing safe sex and cleaning up after intercourse can help prevent infections and sexually transmitted diseases.

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