Paediatric ENT is a field in medicine dealing with disorders of the ear, nose or throat in children.
If your child is suffering from acute or chronic ENT disorder or needs complex or surgical medical treatment for problems affecting the nose, ear, or throat, paediatric otolaryngologists at Pristyn Care has the skill and experience to treat your child. The procedures are carried out under utmost care ensuring your child’s safety. Some common ENT problems that children face include:
These problems when treated at an earliest stage help in the undelayed and healthy growth of your child.
Tonsils are two masses of tissues, also known as lymph nodes, located at the back of your throat. They act as filters, preventing germs from entering your airways. Tonsils produce antibodies to fight infections. They are your body’s first line of defense against illness. They produce white blood cells that combat viruses and bacteria entering your body through your mouth. However, they sometimes themselves become infected. The viruses and bacteria that attack them cause swelling and inflammation resulting in tonsillitis. The condition is common, especially among preschoolers, and can recur frequently or occur occasionally.
Adenoids are similar to tonsils composed of lymph nodes that prevent germs from entering the airways. They are located in the space above the nasopharynx. Adenoids help fight infections. However, when their health is compromised, they become enlarged or inflamed causing adenoiditis. It can make breathing difficult and lead to recurrent respiratory infections. Adenoids can get overwhelmed by virus and bacteria and become infected. In most cases, the ENT specialist recommends antibiotics to treat adenoiditis. However, if the affected has frequent infections including sinus and ear infections, or breathing problems, surgery may be required to remove the adenoids.
Rhinitis is the swelling and inflammation of the mucous membrane of the nose, characterized by stuffiness and runny nose and usually caused by a seasonal allergy or a common cold. It is a common condition, especially among children and tends to go on their own in most cases. The cause of Rhinitis is usually a viral infection; however, children are often prescribed allergy shots for precaution. The symptoms of Rhinitis include sneezing, stuffiness, and runny nose and its diagnosis is essentially based on the symptoms.
The sinuses are a connected system of hollow cavities (filled with air) in the skull. They are lined with pink, soft tissue called mucosa and are empty except for a thin layer of mucus. Sinusitis occurs when the soft tissue lining becomes inflamed. Healthy sinuses are hollow; however, when they are blocked and filled with fluid due to inflammation, it can cause an accumulation of germs that ultimately results in infection. Sinusitis needs to be treated at an early stage. If left untreated, it can cause several serious complications including problems with vision and certain neurological disorders in your children.