Laryngology is a field in medicine dealing with disorders of the larynx (voicebox)
Irritation, scratchiness, or pain of the throat is the indication that you are suffering from a throat infection. The condition often worsens when you swallow. The most common cause of throat pain and a sore throat are viral and bacterial infections. In most cases, a sore throat by a viral infection resolves on its own; however, in the case of a bacterial infection, it requires treatment with antibiotics to avoid complications like tonsillitis.
Tonsils are two masses of tissues, also known as lymph nodes, located at the back of your throat. They act as filters, preventing germs from entering your airways. Tonsils produce antibodies to fight infections. They are your body’s first line of defense against illness. They produce white blood cells that combat viruses and bacteria entering your body through your mouth. However, they sometimes themselves become infected. The viruses and bacteria that attack them cause swelling and inflammation resulting in tonsillitis. The condition is common, especially among preschoolers, and can recur frequently or occur occasionally.
Adenoids are similar to tonsils composed of lymph nodes that prevent germs from entering the airways. They are located in the space above the nasopharynx. Adenoids help fight infections. However, when their health is compromised, they become enlarged or inflamed causing adenoiditis. It can make breathing difficult and lead to recurrent respiratory infections. Adenoids can get overwhelmed by virus and bacteria and become infected. In most cases, the ENT specialist recommends antibiotics to treat adenoiditis. However, if the affected has frequent infections including sinus and ear infections, or breathing problems, surgery may be required to remove the adenoids.
Irritation, scratchiness, or pain of the throat is the indication that you are suffering from a throat infection. The condition often worsens when you swallow. The most common cause of throat pain and a sore throat are viral and bacterial infections. In most cases, a sore throat by a viral infection resolves on its own; however, in the case of a bacterial infection, it requires treatment with antibiotics to avoid complications like tonsillitis. Knowing the cause help patients narrow down their treatment options.
Chronic irritation or acute trauma can cause changes in the vocal cords that can lead to Vocal Cord Polyps. Polyps are often unilateral, result from injury to the lamina propria of the vocal cords, and may occur at the mid-third of the membranous cords. They frequently result from an initiating acute phonatory injury; however, they have other causes as well including chronic inhalation of irritants like cigarette smoke or industrial fumes, chronic laryngeal allergic reactions, untreated hypothyroid states, or gastroesophageal reflux. Vocal Cord Polyps leads to hoarseness and a breathy voice. Most polyps must be surgically removed to restore a normal voice.
A voice disorder occurs when your loudness, pitch, and voice quality are inappropriate or differ from your gender, age, or cultural background. People develop voice disorder for numerous reasons. Change in voice or voice disorder is usually due to change in the function or structure of the vocal cords. When your vocal cords experience any growths, become paralyzed, or become inflamed, they aren’t able to function properly, causing a voice disorder. Your ENT doctor will ask you detailed questions about the symptoms and examine your throat thoroughly before prescribing any treatment.