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About Tympanoplasty

The eardrum is a thin membrane that separates the ear canal from the middle ear. The exposure to loud noises or an injury can cause eardrum damage. The same may hinder the capability to hear and if left untreated, a patient can go deaf as well. The best way to go about it is a surgical procedure.

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USFDA-Approved Procedure

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Overview

Tympanoplasty
Benefits of Tympanoplasty
  • Improves hearing
  • Eliminates recurrent ear discharge
  • Reduced chances of ear infection
  • Fewer possibilities of earache
  • Corrects the perforation in the tympanic membrane
Why Pristyn Care?
  • No Cost EMI
  • Highly experienced ENT surgeons
  • Paperwork support by Pristyn Care
  • USFDA approved surgery
  • Free follow ups post Surgery
Why Advanced Tympanoplasty Treatment?
  • Minimally invasive procedure
  • Painless procedure
  • Faster recovery
  • Fewer chances of risks
  • Minimal blood loss
Prevention of perforated eardrum
  • Don’t put any foreign object in the ear
  • Cover your ears while swimming or taking a shower
  • Do not blow your nose with excessive pressure
  • Avoid sneezing with your mouth closed
  • Use earplugs while traveling through plane
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Treatment

Diagnosis

An ENT doctor or surgeon in can diagnose the perforation of the ear in a physical examination using an otoscope. It is an instrument that has a magnifier with a light, designed to look inside the ear.

The ENT doctor may ask a patient to take other tests such as

  • Tympanogram: a burst of air against the eardrum and
  • Audiogram: a hearing test.

Procedure

Pristyn Care in has the best ENT specialists who use the latest equipment to diagnose and cure patients for eardrum rupture, ear pain, fluid discharge from the ears, etc. Tympanoplasty is reconstructive surgery of a punctured eardrum using a thin graft. It may require making a small incision above the ear canal or can be done without any incision via the ear canal to approach the repair while the patient is under anesthetic. The procedure takes around 45 – 60 minutes to complete and patients only have to stay in the hospital for a day. It is painless and does not leave a patient bedridden.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the common diseases of the ear?

Ear infections are the most common disorders in kids. Also, tinnitus (roaring noise in your ears) can be a result of loud noises or a variety of other causes. Infection in the inner ear canal is also a common but manageable condition.

Why does my ear hurt while I eat?

An infection may cause pain in the ear during swallowing. Although an ear infection is one of the most common causes of ear pain, infections of the nose or throat may also be responsible for pain in the ear.

When is tympanoplasty advised by an ENT doctor?

An ENT specialist advises undergoing tympanoplasty to a patient when oral medication or other methods do not work to fix the perforation in the eardrum. The doctor may advise surgical intervention i.e. tympanoplasty to restore the tympanic membrane. This surgical procedure improves the hearing ability and other symptoms that affect life’s productivity.

Can an eardrum hole get repaired on its own?

If a hole in the eardrum is minor, it usually heals on its own. However, patients suffering from a perforation in the eardrum should consult a well-experienced ENT doctor to get immediate assistance. Perforation in the eardrum if left untreated or doesn’t heal on its own can affect the hearing ability.

Can tympanoplasty surgery fix a hole in the eardrum?

Yes. Tympanoplasty is a modern treatment to fix the perforation in the eardrum. This procedure is minimally invasive, effective, and usually advised to patients with hole in the eardrum in order to restore the tympanic membrane while improving the hearing ability.

Can a perforated eardrum cause loss of hearing?

Yes. The perforation makes the ear vulnerable to infection and can lead to partial or complete hearing loss. The eardrum gathers sound and amplifies it to enable hearing. In case of a rupture, this doesn’t happen and the patient is unable to hear. Consult an expert ENT doctor for a thorough diagnosis to get the best-suited treatment.

Should I avoid swimming after tympanoplasty surgery?

Yes. As advised by ENT experts, patients who have undergone tympanoplasty surgery are advised to avoid swimming for at least 10 days post-surgery as the surgical site is vulnerable to infection and water contact can hinder the recovery while increasing the chances of complications.

How long does it take to recover after tympanoplasty?

Tympanoplasty is a modern technique that is performed by an experienced ENT surgeon. Patients who have undergone tympanoplasty are advised to continue normal activities in 3-4 days post-surgery, but the complete recovery may take a month.

Is tympanoplasty painful surgery?

No. Tympanoplasty is an advanced surgical procedure that is performed with modern medical instruments and under the effect of anesthesia. Anesthesia makes the surgery painless, and the post-surgery discomfort usually gets managed by medication prescribed by the doctor.

Are there any potential complications of tympanoplasty?

Tympanoplasty is an advanced procedure that is performed with the help of the latest medical technology and has lower chances of complication as compared to conventional techniques. However, like any other surgeries there are some potential complications of tympanoplasty as well, in rare cases:

  • Change or loss of hearing ability
  • Reduced sense of taste
  • Dryness in the mouth
  • Dizziness post tympanoplasty operation
  • Ringing or tinnitus in the ear
  • Failure of the graft used during tympanoplasty surgery

Different Types of Tympanoplasty

As reported in NCBI, according to the Wullstein Classification, tympanoplasty has five types depending on their severity and advanced symptoms:

  • Type 1- Repair of the tympanic membrane alone, no abnormality of the middle ear.
  • Type 2- Repair of the tympanic membrane and middle ear due to malleus that usually gets eroded. In this type, tympanoplasty includes grafting the tympanic membrane to the incus.
  • Type 3- Repair of the tympanic membrane onto the stapes head, in this type the malleus and incus have a defect.
  • Type 4- The tympanic membrane is grafted to the stapes footplate, which is movable.
  • Type 5- Repair involves the stapes footplate, which is fixed.
Read More

Treatment for Eardrum Rupture | Tympanoplasty | How to Treat Perforated Eardrum | Patient Reviews

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