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About Kidney stones

Kidney stones form when there are excess salts and minerals in the kidneys. Kidneys are responsible for the removal of waste and fluid from the body through urine. When the concentration of waste is more than the fluid, the waste accumulates to form lumps which result in the formation of kidney stones. Kidney stones are not always painful and some patients can barely feel any pain or discomfort.

If the stones travel to the ureter, patients can suffer immense sudden pain in the lower back or even cause serious complications. Kidney stones can vary in size, they can be as small as a granule of sand to the size of a golf ball.

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Overview

know-more-about-Kidney Stones-treatment-in-Jammu
Types of kidney stones:
  • Calcium stones
  • Struvite stones
  • Uric acid stones
  • Cystine stones
Risk factors:
  • Obesity
  • Heredity
  • Dehydration
  • High calcium supplements intake
  • Increased consumption of animal protein
Nephrolithiasis ICD 10:
  • Diagnosis Code for calculus of kidney and ureter: N20
  • ICD-10 Code for pelviureteric junction (PUJ): N20
  • ICD-10 Code for vesicoureteric junction (VUJ): N20. 1
  • ICD-10 Code for urinary (tract): N20.9
  • ICD-10 Code for suburethral and ileal conduit: N21.8
  • ICD-10 Code for hydronephrosis with renal and ureteral calculous obstruction: N13.2
Kidney stone pain area:
  • Lower back
  • Around groin area
  • Back and side abdomen
Why Pristyn Care?
  • Free cab pick-up & drop
  • USFDA approved kidney stone treatment
  • Free follow ups post surgery
  • Covid free hospital, doctors and staff
Hassle-free Insurance Approval
  • Cashless insurance facility
  • All insurances covered
  • No hidden charges
  • Assistance in paperwork by Pristyn Care
Doctor-performing-Kidney Stones-surgery-in-Jammu

Treatment

Treatment

There are different treatment options for kidney stones surgery which are as follows –

  • ESWL (Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy) – It uses shock waves to break the kidney stone into small pieces that can move through the urinary tract & pass from the body.
  • URS (Ureteroscopy) – In this, a ureteroscope is passed through the urethra and into the ureter to remove a stone using laser energy.
  • RIRS (Retrograde Intrarenal Surgery) is a procedure for doing surgery within the kidneys using a flexible ureteroscope to remove the upper ureter and small kidney stones.
  • PCNL (Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy) – It is a minimally invasive procedure in which large kidney stones are removed through a small incision in the skin.

Diagnosis

Kidney stones can usually be silent, which means they are asymptomatic. If your symptoms indicate kidney stones, the urologist may recommend you to undergo the following tests.

  • 1. Blood test – A blood test can reveal the amount of uric acid or calcium in your body. The test can also help evaluate the health of your kidneys and decide upon the necessary treatment.
  • 2. Imaging tests – The urologist may recommend imaging tests such as X-ray and CT scan to confirm the existence of kidney stones.
  • 3. Urine test – You may be recommended to undergo a urine test over two consecutive days. The urine collection may show the level of minerals that you are excreting and helps determine the nature of the problem.

Treatment of kidney stones according to size

  • Kidney stones less than 10 mm can be flushed with water and medication.
  • For kidney stones between 10-20 mm, the location and the composition of the stones need to be considered before deciding the treatment.
  • Stones larger than 20 mm are usually treated by ESWL

Why Pristyn Care?

Delivering Seamless Surgical Experience in India

01.

Pristyn Care is COVID-19 safe

Your safety is taken care of by thermal screening, social distancing, sanitized clinics and hospital rooms, sterilized surgical equipment and mandatory PPE kits during surgery.

02.

Assisted Surgery Experience

A dedicated Care Coordinator assists you throughout the surgery journey from insurance paperwork, to free commute from home to hospital & back and admission-discharge process at the hospital.

03.

Medical Expertise With Technology

Our surgeons spend a lot of time with you to diagnose your condition. You are assisted in all pre-surgery medical diagnostics. We offer advanced laser and laparoscopic surgical treatment. Our procedures are USFDA approved.

04.

Post Surgery Care

We offer free follow-up consultations and instructions including dietary tips as well as exercises to every patient to ensure they have a smooth recovery to their daily routines.

Pristyn Care in Numbers

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Happy Patients

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Cities

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Doctors

800+

Hospitals

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the types of kidney stones?

There are four types of kidney stones –

  • Calcium Stones – Occur due to the combination of calcium with oxalates in the urine.
  • Struvite stones – These are less common and are caused due to infection in the upper urinary tract.
  • Uric acid stones – Formed due to excessive consumption of food rich in purine content.
  • Cystine stones – Occur when there is too much cystine in the urine.
When should I undergo kidney stone surgery?

If the size of the kidney stone is less than 10mm, your urologist will recommend medications that can flush it out through urine. But if the size of the stone is large or the number of stones is high, then surgery is required.

Where is the best kidney stone hospital in Jammu? 

Pristyn Care is associated with top hospitals and clinics in Jammu. You can contact our medical coordinator for more information on the treatment or the location of the nearest hospitals in your area.

How do I prevent kidney stones?

Kidney stones occur majorly due to the lack of fluids and the formation of excess salts. You can prevent kidney stones by following steps –

  • Excessive water intake.
  • Avoid foods rich in oxalates such as rhubarb, beets, okra, spinach, Swiss chard, sweet potatoes, nuts, tea, chocolate, black pepper, and soy products.
  • Choose a diet low in fat and animal protein.
  • Avoid excessive calcium supplements and opt for a food-based calcium diet in a regulated amount.
What is the estimated cost of kidney stone removal at Pristyn Care in Jammu?

The estimated cost of kidney stone removal varies according to the type of treatment. However, depending on the patient’s medical needs and health condition, the cost of the surgery can go up. The estimated cost of different treatment options for kidney stone removal in Jammu at Pristyn Care are:URSL- INR 40,500 and INR 100,000RIRS- INR 70,000 and INR 1,19,300ESWL- INR 50,000 to 100,000 PCNL- INR 51,000 to INR 75,000

How can I pay for my treatment of kidney stones at Pristyn Care?

Pristyn Care accepts multiple payment options which include debit cards, credit cards along with a cashless facility and no-cost EMI.

How can I consult a doctor from Pristyn Care?

You can contact our medical coordinator who can connect you with doctors based on their specializations. You can either go to the clinic or take online consultations via video call, online chat, etc.

What are the risk factors of kidney stones?

Kidney stones risk factors include –

  • Obesity
  • Diabetes
  • Family history
  • Chronic diarrhea
  • High animal protein diet
  • Less water or fluid intake
When should I consult the doctor for kidney stones?

Consult the doctor in case you are experiencing the following symptoms –

  • Blood in the urine
  • Vomiting
  • Unbearable pain
  • Fever and chills
  • Difficulty urinating
  • Cloudy or foul-smelling urine
  • Severe pain in your back or side
  • Burning sensation while urinating
How to pass stones at home?

If the size of the stone is small, you can pass the stone at home by increasing your fluid intake or prescribing medications from the doctor. You can consult your doctor for various home remedies for kidney stones removal. However, surgical methods are the most effective way to remove renal stones.

How can I remove my renal stones?

The most effective method to remove your renal stones is via surgical techniques. However, if the size of stones is not big enough, the doctor usually recommends a high water intake and may prescribe medications to reduce the pain during the expulsion of the stones.

How are renal stones diagnosed?

The doctor may recommend the following diagnostic tests to confirm the presence of kidney stones-

  • Urinalysis
  • CT scan
  • X-rays
  • Abdominal ultrasound
  • MRI
  • Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN) Test
  • Blood test
Can kidney stones cause weight loss?

Weight loss is not directly associated with kidney stones. However, some people may lose their appetite due to kidney stones that can result in weight loss.

Can I remove my 8mm stone naturally?

It is highly unlikely that you will be able to pass 8mm stones. A human ureter is around 3-5mm wide, and trying to expel a stone 8mm big will cause damage to the surrounding organs and not forget the excruciating pain during the entire process.

Does whey protein cause kidney stones?

Yes, people with diets that are heavy on synthetic protein such as whey are at more risk of developing kidney stones in the long run. Protein-rich foods can also have a high concentration of fat, which increases the risk of several heart diseases and type 2 diabetes.

How to stop kidney stones pain immediately?

Consult a urologist if your renal stone pain is unbearable. Surgical procedures are very effective to relieve the pain due to kidney stones. However, if the pain is mild, you can prescribe medications from the doctor that can help reduce the pain.

Does eating slate pencils cause kidney stones?

Slate is never intended to be eaten or consumed. Slate pencils are made up of calcium-rich minerals. People who eat slate pencils in small amounts are comparatively at a lower risk than people who consume slate on a daily basis. However, if the person is eating too many slate pencils, it may lead to several health problems, including kidney stones.

What is the most effective treatment method to remove kidney stones?

Surgical techniques for kidney stones are considered the most effective methods to treat kidney stones. However, the treatment procedure depends on the severity of your condition, size of the renal stones, location of the stones, and your health condition. Contact Pristyn Care for more information on the best treatment for kidney stones.

What size of kidney stones require surgery? 

Kidney stones of size greater than 5mm require surgery. Such stones can be stubborn and cause unbearable pain. Therefore, a surgical procedure to remove these stones is inevitable. Consult Pristyn Care for more information on the treatment of kidney stones.

How to remove an 18 mm kidney stone?

Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy/Nephrolithotripsy (PCNL) is hailed as one of the most effective surgeries to remove kidney stones with sizes greater than 14mm. It involves minute incisions around the flank area to physically remove the stones.

What is the duration of kidney stones surgeries?

The duration of kidney stone surgery for different techniques are as follows-

  • ESWL – 45 minutes (approx.)
  • URSL – 45 minutes (approx.)
  • PCNL – 1.5 to 2 hours (approx.)
  • RIRS – 1 hour (approx.)

However, it is a general duration, and the OT time for different surgical techniques can vary depending on the medical condition of the patient and the surgical expertise of the surgeon.

Does kidney stone surgery hurt?

No, kidney stones surgery is not painful since the patient is administered with spinal or general anesthesia. This means that the patient is asleep throughout the procedure. However, they may feel slight discomfort around the surgical site after the effect of anesthesia wears off.

What is the role of stents during kidney stones surgery?

Double J or DJ stents are inserted into the ureter through the urethral passage to expand the ureter. This allows smooth movement of stones and causes less pain to the patient as the stones are flushed out.

What are the post-surgery recovery tips after kidney stone surgery? 

It is important to follow the doctor’s instructions after the surgery for a fast recovery. Post-operative include –

  • Drink excess water
  • Eat high fiber foods
  • Do not lift heavy objects if you still have stents in your body.

Avoid spicy food for at least two months after the surgery Do not restrict yourself entirely from physical activity

What is the cost of kidney stones surgeries in Jammu?
  • The cost of laser surgery or RIRS in Jammu is approximately around Rs. 95,000 to Rs. 1,05,000.
  • The cost of laparoscopic kidney stone surgery or PCNL in Jammu is around Rs. 65,000 to Rs. 75,000.
  • The cost of ureteroscopic surgery or URSL in Jammu is approximately around Rs. 65,000 to Rs. 75,000.
  • The cost of shockwave lithotripsy or ESWL in Jammu is approximately around Rs. 35,000 to Rs. 45,000.
What do kidney stones look like?

Kidney stones are usually brown or yellowish in color. They can be as small as a grain of sand to as big as a golf ball. Some kidney stones take up shapes resembling the horns of a stag and are commonly known as staghorn calculus.

Is milk bad for kidney stones?

No, milk is not bad for kidney stones. Foods rich in dietary calcium, such as milk, yogurt, cheese, etc., are usually recommended to prevent kidney stones. However, calcium supplements increase the risk of renal stones.

Does acupuncture help relieve kidney stones symptoms?

The primary goal of acupuncture is to promote the blood flow along the pressure points to induce urination and eventually allow kidney stones to pass. Several acupuncture techniques involve –

  • Ear needling
  • Electrical stimulations to the acupuncture needles create vibrations along the meridians to encourage the movement of kidney stones.
What factors affect the cost of kidney stones removal surgery?

Some of the factors that determine the cost of kidney stones surgery in Jammu are –

  • Type of surgical technique
  • Diagnostic tests
  • Size and number of stones
  • Consultation fee of the urologist
  • Medical condition of the patient
  • Cost of anesthesia
  • Selection of hospital (government or private)
  • Expertise of the urologist
  • Cost of stents if used
  • Follow-up sessions
  • Cost of medicines
  • Insurance coverage
Is there any insurance coverage for kidney stones surgery?

Yes, many health insurance companies cover the cost of kidney stone surgery partially or entirely if it is deemed a medical necessity. Pristyn Care has a dedicated team that assists with insurance claims for kidney stones surgery within 30 minutes. However, the insurance claims depend on your insurance policy and the terms and conditions set by the insurance provider.

Can kidney stones cause gastrointestinal problems?

Yes, kidney stones can sometimes cause gastrointestinal symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, pain in the lower back, and discomfort while urinating. Significant sized kidney stones can obstruct urinal passage, causing several GI issues, including gas, constipation, etc.

Does beer help in flushing out kidney stones?

Drinking beer can help flush out small stones (4mm or less) via urine. However, beer is an oxalate-rich beverage that also contains high calories. Therefore, consuming too much beer can increase oxalate content in the body and increase the risk of being overweight.

Why you should choose Pristyn Care for kidney stones surgery in Jammu?

Pristyn Care provides advanced treatment for kidney stone surgery in Jammu. We are equipped with the latest technology to ensure that every procedure is done with maximum precision. We have some of the best doctors on board that has had an excellent track record. Pristyn Care also offers daycare surgery which means you can go home on the same day of surgery if your urologist declares you fit. If you undergo kidney stones surgery from Pristyn Care, you will get the following benefits –

  • Pristyn Care assigns a caring buddy who accompanies you on the day of surgery and takes care of all your paperwork.
  • Provides daycare surgery for a higher recovery rate.
  • Highly experienced surgeons and doctors for the best surgery experience.
  • Waver into the non-medical items.
  • Free cab pickup and drop facility within the city
  • No-cost EMI.
  • Post-surgery consultation is free.

What are the advantages of kidney stones surgery?

Kidney stones may not always cause pain or discomfort if the size of the stone is very minuscule. But if the size of the stone is large, then medications will not help. Kidney stones can be treated with the help of advanced surgery that can either be incisional or non-incisional. Therefore, it is necessary to get your kidney stones treated to avoid any complications. Benefits of kidney stone surgery are –

  • Minimal cuts or incisions i.e. around 1cm in PCNL surgery
  • Minimal postoperative surgical scars
  • Almost no risk of infections
  • Quick and easy recovery
  • Instant relief from the pain
  • Resume normal routine within 1-3 days

What happens if I don’t treat kidney stones?

If you don’t treat kidney stones, it can lead to serious complications. Medications can only help with the infections caused due to kidney stones and do not permanently cure it. Complications related to kidney stones are –

  • Hydronephrosis is a serious medical condition caused due to a blockage in the ureter due to kidney stones.
  • Kidney stones can also turn into chronic kidney disease and damage both kidneys if the surgery is delayed.
  • Kidney stones infection due to clogging of the ureter.
  • Blood in the urine
  • Kidney stones surgery is thus essential to prevent these complications from occurring. Pristyn Care provides highly advanced painless surgery for kidney stones under the expert guidance of our experienced surgeons and doctors.

Different treatment options for kidney stones based on the size and location of the stone.

Kidney stones or renal calculi occur in different shapes or sizes depending on how long they are present in the body. Sometimes, these renal stones are minute and get flushed out through urine without medications or therapies. However, some stones can be stubborn and keep on accumulating over a period of time. Renal stones of such stubborn nature often obstruct ureteral passage or even form staghorn calculus. Some of the treatment options for kidney stones are as below-

Non-surgical methods – When the size of the stone is less than 5mm, urologists usually recommend non-surgical procedures for removing kidney stones. These may include home remedies, therapeutic medicines, medications such as pain-relievers, etc., that can help flush out kidney stones. The doctors usually recommend drinking excess water and staying hydrated to increase the fluid concentration in the urine. Several medications for kidney stones include –

  • Ibuprofen (Advil) for pain
  • Acetaminophen (Tylenol) for pain
  • Naproxen sodium (Aleve) for pain
  • Allopurinol (Zyloprim) for uric acid stones
  • Thiazide diuretics to prevent calcium stones from forming
  • Phosphorus solutions to prevent calcium stones from forming
  • Sodium bicarbonate or sodium citrate to make the urine less acidic

In addition, the doctor may recommend some alpha-blockers such as tamsulosin (Flomax), dutasteride, etc., that can help the muscles in your ureter relax, making it easier for you to pass the stone quickly and with less pain.

Surgical methods – Surgical or less invasive procedures are regarded as the most effective way to treat large kidney stones. Doctors usually recommend surgical procedures for kidney stones if the size of the stones is greater than 5mm. There are 4 procedures to remove kidney stones –

  • Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (URSL) – It is a non-invasive surgery that uses external shockwaves to break the stones into smaller pieces. The patient is administered spinal anesthesia to reduce the pain as the stones are flushed out of the body. ESWL is a conventional procedure that may require multiple sittings to break the stones completely.
  • Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy/Nephrolithotripsy (PCNL) – PCNL is an advanced procedure to treat kidney stones of size greater than 14mm. It is also known as tunnel surgery due to the nature of small incisions. It involves small incisions near the flank area while the patient is under general anesthesia. The surgeon then uses a nephroscope to locate and break the stones into smaller pieces. If the stone is removed in its intact state, it is called nephrolithotomy, and if the stone is broken into smaller fragments, it is termed as nephrolithotripsy.
  • Retrograde Intrarenal Surgery (RIRS) – RIRS is an advanced procedure to treat kidney stones with sizes between 8mm to 15mm. The patient is first administered with either spinal or general anesthesia for a painless procedure. The doctor then inserts a thin, flexible endoscope attached with a tiny laser on the other end. The stones are subsequently broken into smaller fragments and flushed out through urine. The surgeon may choose to insert DJ stents before RIRS treatment. Stents enlarge the passage of the urinary tract for smooth movement of stones. The stents are removed when the stones are thoroughly flushed out of the body.
  • Ureteroscopic lithotripsy (URSL) – Similar to RIRS, ureteroscopic lithotripsy also uses a thin ureteroscope that is attached to the camera and laser on the other end. URSL is also an effective surgical option for moderately sized kidney stones. The camera guides the surgeon inside the body to locate and break the stones. The urologists may insert ureteral stents to ease the movement of stones during the expulsion. The patient is administered with local or general anesthesia for a painless procedure.

What to expect after your kidney stones procedure?

The patient is usually under the effects of anesthesia after the surgery and may suffer from mild dizziness and discomfort in case of stent insertion. Patients who have undergone invasive surgery may feel slight numbness around the site of the incision. Doctors at Pristyn Care guide you through the recovery period and monitor your health regularly to ensure you are in the best of your health. You may experience the following after your kidney stone surgeries –

  • A small amount of bleeding in your urine for a few days to a few weeks after the surgery due to stent insertion.
  • Mild pain and nausea as the stones are expelled from the body after the treatment.
  • Some bruising on the back or side after your shock waves lithotripsy procedure.

Complications of untreated kidney stones

Kidney stone is a major condition that usually results in unbearable pain. However, people are at greater risk if they ignore the symptoms by prolonging the treatment. It can lead to several complications that can eventually become life-threatening-

  • Hydronephrosis – When the stone blocks the ureteral passage, it creates difficulty for the urine to completely drain out from the kidneys. This leads to the accumulation of urine in the kidneys, causing swelling of a kidney. Hydronephrosis can occur in one or both kidneys, depending on the size and number of stones.
  • Renal scarring – Urinary tract infection is a common bacterial illness that occurs due to prolonged kidney stones in the ureter. These stones can cause continuous scarring around the stone damaging the tissues and organs around the kidneys causing permanent renal failure.
  • Kidney failure – Prolonged kidney stones can cause loss of kidney functions which can result in the need to remove either of the kidneys (nephrectomy).

Booking an Appointment with the best urologist for kidney stones surgery

Pristyn Care has some of the best urologists with adequate training and years of experience in kidney stone surgeries. Our doctors and surgeons are upskilled in performing advanced treatment for the best results. You can book an appointment with the kidney stones doctors at Pristyn Care to get rid of excruciating kidney stones pain in the following ways:

  • You can fill out the patient form on our website www.pristyncare.com. A team of medical coordinators will reach out to you at the earliest to gather details from your end once the appointment form is submitted. The appointment will be subsequently fixed with the concerned urologist according to your schedule.
  • You can directly connect with our medical coordinators via the contact number on our website. A team of dedicated medical coordinators will gather inputs from your end and connect you with the kidney stones doctor near your area and book your appointment consecutively.
  • You can also book an appointment through our Pristyn Care app. Our medical coordinators will arrange an offline or online consultation with our kidney stones experts near your area at the earliest via video call. A nominal consultation fee will be charged.
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