Are there any potential complications of tympanoplasty?
Tympanoplasty is an advanced procedure that is performed with the help of the latest medical technology and has lower chances of complication as compared to conventional techniques. However, like any other surgeries there are some potential complications of tympanoplasty as well, in rare cases:
- Change or loss of hearing ability
- Reduced sense of taste
- Dryness in the mouth
- Dizziness post tympanoplasty operation
- Ringing or tinnitus in the ear
- Failure of the graft used during tympanoplasty surgery
Different Types of Tympanoplasty
As reported in NCBI, according to the Wullstein Classification, tympanoplasty has five types depending on their severity and advanced symptoms:
- Type 1- Repair of the tympanic membrane alone, no abnormality of the middle ear.
- Type 2- Repair of the tympanic membrane and middle ear due to malleus that usually gets eroded. In this type, tympanoplasty includes grafting the tympanic membrane to the incus.
- Type 3- Repair of the tympanic membrane onto the stapes head, in this type the malleus and incus have a defect.
- Type 4- The tympanic membrane is grafted to the stapes footplate, which is movable.
- Type 5- Repair involves the stapes footplate, which is fixed.