Itching at any part of the body can be very discomforting and annoying and makes the person irritated and cranky. But if we talk about vaginal itching, it can be far worse than itching on any other part of the body. The vagina is considered the most sensitive and gentle part of a female. The female intimate parts including the vagina, vulva, labia, and clitoris need proper hygiene to remain healthy. The human body naturally secretes hormones to keep the vaginal area healthy and maintain the pH balance. There are natural bacteria present in the vagina to keep the vagina lubricated and prevent infections. The gynecologist may also advise a PAP Smear test or Pelvic Exam if the itching or irritation is unbearable. Below are mentioned general medications for itching, depending on the disease or condition that are helpful to get relief from initial stages of the condition.
Also Read:Vaginal changes when you catch an STD
Medications for Vaginal Itching
As explained above, vaginal itching can be a cause of several conditions. It is not assured that vaginal itching happens due to an infection or another prevailing disease. It is always advised to consult a gynecologist before taking any medication or trying over the counter treatments for vaginal itching or irritation.
- For Vaginosis or STDs- Gynecologist generally recommends antibiotics or antiparasitics for this condition.
- Yeast Infections- These are generally treated with antifungal medicines. They are generally available in the form of ointments which are to be applied in the vagina. These are also available as suppositories which are supposed to be consumed orally.
- Menopause- Estrogen creams or tablets are helpful to get relief from vaginal itching caused due to menopause.
- Other infections- Vaginal itching caused due to general infections can be treated effectively with steroids, ointments or lotions.
Make sure to consult your gynecologist before taking any medication, Only a gynecologist can identify the cause of the itching or irritation. Wrong medication taken can be very harmful and cause side effects. Consult your gynecologist for effective medication or treatment.
Bacterial Vaginosis- Vagina is home to many natural bacterias. But if an unwanted foreign bacteria prevails inside the vagina, it can interrupt with the normal functioning of the vagina and cause itching, irritation, soreness, etc. This condition is called Bacterial Vaginosis. There may also come vaginal infections in such cases. If a female is suffering from Bacterial Vaginosis, there would be foul or fishy smelling vaginal discharge, pain, irritation, burning sensation while urinating, etc.
Sexually Transmitted Diseases- STDs such as Chlamydia, Genital Herpes, Genital Warts, Gonorrhea or Trichomoniasis have vaginal itching or irritation as a major symptom. But vaginal itching can exist for several reasons. It can be normal also. It can even be a sign of a Sexually Transmitted Disease! So consult your gynecologist if the itching does not stop soon or increases.
Yeast Infections or Vaginal Candidiasis- On average, three out of four women complain about Yeast at once in their lifetime. A yeast infection happens when the yeast named Candida grows excessively inside the female’s vagina or vulva region. Conditions such as pregnancy, sexual intercourse, antibiotic reactions, weak or slow immune system, etc can increase the risks of vaginal infections. Such infections may cause itching and irritation accompanied by white discharge resembling cottage cheese.
Menopause- The estrogen levels in a female drops down with the passage of age. This happens more around the stage of menopause. The vaginal walls get dry and thin because of lack of estrogen which causes pain, irritation, rash or irritation down there. This problem can also happen to women who are breastfeeding.
Lichen Sclerosis- It is a rare skin disease that causes thin white patches on the skin. This is seen generally around the vulva region. These scars can be permanent on the skin of the vaginal area. Women are more likely to develop this disease after their Menopause.
Artificial Irritants- Normal or flavored condoms, lubricants, tampons, etc can cause irritation or itching in the vaginal area. It generally goes away on its own but if it does not improve, consult a professional for proper medication and treatment.
In a recent study conducted, it was found that about 57% of women have vaginal itching or irritation at least once a year. This is normal vaginal itching and irritation we are talking about here. A little imbalance in the vagina or pH balance can cause some irritation or itch down there. You are not the only one experiencing itching or irritation in the vaginal area sometimes. But if it happens very frequently or if there is a lot of itching or irritation or it is accompanied with other symptoms lie abnormal discharge, rash, dryness or soreness, it should be discussed with a professional gynecologist. There may be some infection causing the uncomfortable itching or irritation.