According to the reports by Prostate Cancer UK- a charitable organization, the deaths from prostate cancer are rising in the country. The number has increased to more than 12,000 in a year for the first time.
- Prostate cancer is exponentially increasing across the globe
- Aging population is the main reason as it is found commonly in older men
- Delay in diagnosis due to lack of awareness of the early symptoms
The data reveals that the death toll due to prostate cancer has increased from 11,637 in 2016 to 12,031 in 2017. It was 11,307 in 2014. The analysis shows that only 47% of the prostate cancer cases are being diagnosed at an early stage as the technology has remained unchanged since 2012.
Angela Culhane, Chief Executive of Prostate Cancer UK, who compiled the figures on annual death tolls from government database said, “By 2030, prostate cancer is set to be the most commonly diagnosed of all cancers in the UK. Before we reach this point, we must ensure that as many of these men as possible have their prostate cancer caught early and successfully treated.”
This means that by 2030, there will be 61,000 cases that will be diagnosed annually and experts suggest that a lot of improvement is needed, both in terms of research and diagnosis.
However, the current prostate cancer diagnosis is doing more harm than good and is considered unreliable. The diagnostic test, prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is thought to miss out 15 percent of cancers. At present, just half of all the patients get an early-stage diagnosis.
A spokesperson at the Department of Health and Social Care UK has committed to decrease the number of lives taken tragically by prostate cancer. Now, the Government of the UK has announced £75 million for prostate cancer research over the next five years.
Some Facts About Prostate Cancer
A prostate is a walnut-sized organ that produces fluid which nourishes and transports sperm. Some types of prostate cancer grow gradually while others need monitoring. Some are aggressive and require radiation, surgery, hormone therapy, chemotherapy or other treatments.
Symptoms of prostate cancer
- Slow or weak flow of urine
- Urinating frequently or urgently than usual
- Difficulty starting to urinate
- Pain or burning sensation when urinating
- Unexplained urinary infection
- Constipation, altered bowel movement
- Difficulty getting or maintaining an erection or pain during ejaculation
What to consider?
Men who are recently diagnosed with prostate cancer need to understand the different treatment approaches. Usually, prostate removal surgery is the best way out if the cancer is aggressive but has not spread outside this gland. This is the pictorial representation of prostate cancer.
According to the experts, for people who have a family history of prostate cancer, prostatectomy can be an ideal solution. There are two ways to perform prostatectomy:
- Open Surgery: The surgeon makes a long cut or incision in the abdomen from navel to the pubic bone and removes the nearby infected tissues along with the prostate.
- Laparoscopic Surgery: In this, the surgeon makes smaller incisions and makes space in the abdomen with carbon dioxide. Then he removes the prostate using a laparoscope along with other surgical tools.
Laparoscopic surgery is preferred over open surgery as it is minimally invasive. It includes less blood loss and a quick recovery.
Is it possible to live without a prostate?
Without a prostate, you may face some problems but they can be treated. It is important to remove the prostate to prevent the spreading of cancer. During surgical repair, a catheter is placed into your bladder to drain urine for a few days till the time you heal. It is advised not to perform strenuous activities after surgery. You may feel good right after the surgery but complete recovery takes a week or two. Urinary incontinence or erectile dysfunction may no longer trouble the patient and everything can come under control with proper diet and Kegel exercises to strengthen the pelvic floor muscles. All this helps you lead a healthy life without a prostate.
The UK National Health Service Long Term Plan pledged £200 million for new equipment to drive early diagnosis of cancer and improve survival.