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What is IVF Treatment?

In-vitro Fertilization or IVF treatment is a common artificial reproductive procedure that helps couples conceive. As the name suggests, IVF is a reproductive treatment where a female egg is fertilized by the male sperm in a tube or a glass dish, at a specialized infertility lab. The history of IVF dates back to the 19th century. On July 25, 1978, the world's first IVF baby, Louise Joy Brown, was born in Oldham General Hospital, Great Manchester, UK. In 1986, the first test-tube baby in India was born to Mrs. Mani Chawda, a twenty-four-year-old housewife at KEM Hospital Bombay.

Over 8 million IVF children have been born, and over 2.5 million cycles are being performed every year, resulting in over 500,000 deliveries annually.



  • Need for IVF Treatment
  • Who Should Consider IVF Treatment?
  • Types Of IVF Protocols
  • Different Types Of IVF Treatment
  • Benefits of IVF Treatment
  • Why choose Pristyn Care?

Need for IVF Treatment

Damage or blockage in the uterus or fallopian tube

Ovulation disorders


Uterine fibroids

Unexplained infertility

Poor quality of eggs

Low-quality sperm production

Antibodies that destroy sperms or egg

Fertility preservation for cancer

The genetic health condition in male or female


Curing infertility with IVF treatment in mumbai


  • Before proceeding with IVF, the fertility specialist may need to do multiple tests to determine the problem. If the couple is planning for IVF or if the fertility doctor thinks IVF can help a couple, he or she would want both the male and female to undergo the following tests.<b> In the case of males, the IVF doctor may recommend the following tests:<b>Semen analysis - The IVF specialist may need to evaluate the sperm and the semen samples of the male. The man can produce the semen by masturbating semen is generally collected in the lab in a clean container. The semen is then sent to the lab for analysis which helps the doctor evaluate the quality, quantity, and motility of the sperm.
  • Hormone testing - The doctor may recommend doing a blood test to evaluate the level of testosterone and other male hormones in his body.
  • Vasography - Vasography is an imaging test that is done to check for any damage or blockage in the vas deferens, which is a long tube in males that connects the pelvic cavity to the epididymis.
  • Imaging tests - The male may also be suggested to undergo imaging tests such as ultrasound or MRI of his genitals to confirm if there is a presence of any abnormalities.
  • Genetic testing - Genetic test determines whether there's a genetic defect that might contribute to infertility-related problems in a male.<b>In the case of the female, the IVF specialist may recommend the following tests:<b>Imaging tests - Imaging tests like pelvic ultrasound are mostly recommended to identify if there is any abnormality in the uterus or the ovaries of the women.
  • Ovulation testing - Ovulation testing is done through a blood test that can help determine whether you are ovulating or not.
  • Test for ovarian reserve - Ovarian testing helps the doctor determine the number of eggs available in the ovaries. To evaluate your ovarian reserve, the IVF specialist may require testing your hormones at the beginning of your menstrual cycle.
  • Hysteroscopy - In hysteroscopy, the doctor inserts a flexible, thin lighted medical instrument through the cervix of the woman to view inside her uterus and check if any abnormality is present that is preventing her from getting pregnant.

IVF Treatment explained step by step

  • Step 1: Beginning of IVF treatmentThe IVF treatment journey begins with the doctor determining the best time during your menstrual cycle. IVF treatment requires several eggs to mature.
  • Step 2: Ovarian stimulationOvarian stimulation is the first and the most important step of the process where the doctor stimulates the ovaries to promote the growth of the follicles that contain the eggs. The common hormones that are used to stimulate the follicles are Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) and Luteinizing Hormone (LH). Once injected, the IVF doctor along with the team monitors how the ovaries respond to the medications.
  • Step 3: Trigger InjectionsOnce the doctor sees that the egg follicles in the ovaries are enough, the doctor would stop the LH and FSH injections and would recommend the time when you need to administer trigger injections. The trigger injection includes injecting human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) to mature the eggs and help them get released from the ovarian follicle wall.
  • Step 4: Egg retrieval Egg retrieval or 'egg picking stage’ is a daycare procedure, done under general anesthesia. During the procedure, the doctor inserts a fine needle with an ultrasound-guided probe through the vaginal canal of the woman to retrieve her mature eggs. The procedure generally does not take more than 30 minutes. On average, 8-15 eggs are collected during this process. Once the eggs are retrieved, the patient is allowed to go home and rest. It is best if the patient is accompanied by her partner or someone else who can help her drive and reach home safely.
  • Step 5: Sperm collectionAfter retrieving/ collecting the eggs, the IVF doctor will need to collect the sperm from the male partner. At this stage, the male partner will be asked to produce his semen specimen. Every IVF lab will have a dedicated room where the male can masturbate and give his sperm/ semen specimen. The male partner can produce his semen specimen at home or at the clinic where the semen specimen would be stored. In case the couple wants to use donor sperm or frozen sperm, the IVF team will get it ready in the lab.<b>The collected sperm sample is washed with medicine under a microscope to get rid of all sorts of dirt and debris. This cleansing is done to find out the healthiest sperm that can fertilize the eggs. A perfect healthy sperm is one that is not very long and not too short either, not too fat or not too thin.Step 6: FertilizationOnce the sperm is washed and concentrated, it is placed in an incubator along with the eggs for fertilization. The process is very similar to that of natural fertilization where ‘sperm meets eggs’ inside a human body.
  • Step 7: Embryo developmentThe eggs that would be fertilized by the egg would then turn into an embryo. The IVF specialist will collect the embryo, place it in a special incubator and monitor its growth for the next 4-6 days. The developed embryo would be mixed with amino acids to its growth. If the growth of the embryo is consistent, it is likely to turn into a 4-8 cell embryo by the 4th day.
  • Step 8: Embryo transferEmbryo transfer refers is a process where the developed embryo is transferred from the incubator and implanted in the uterine wall. This process is quick, does not take more than 20 minutes, and can be done at the clinic of the doctor. During the process, the woman would be asked to lie down on her back and spread her legs. The doctor will collect the embryo with a very soft, flexible, and thin catheter. Using a speculum, the doctor will open the cervix and insert the catheter through the cervix into the uterus to plant the embryo.
  • An abdominal ultrasound is conducted to make sure that the tip of the catheter places the embryo at the best location for the embryo implantation. After the embryo transplant is over, the woman is allowed to head home.
  • Step 9: Pregnancy checkThe woman would be called to the clinic after 2 weeks for a blood test. If the blood test shows the presence of hCG in it, the pregnancy is successful. If the results are positive, the doctor would suggest the best pregnancy care tips to the woman and encourage her to limit strenuous physical activities. If the blood test does not show the presence of hCG, it indicates that the pregnancy is not successful. In that case, the doctor may either repeat the entire process once again or may determine another line of treatment.

Why Pristyn Care ?

Pristyn Care is COVID-19 safe

Pristyn Care is COVID-19 safe

Your safety is taken care of by thermal screening, social distancing, sanitized clinics and hospital rooms, sterilized surgical equipment and mandatory PPE kits during surgery.

Assisted Surgery Experience

Assisted Surgery Experience

A dedicated Medical Coordinator assists you throughout the surgery journey from insurance paperwork, to free commute from home to hospital & back and admission-discharge process at the hospital.

Medical Expertise With Technology

Medical Expertise With Technology

Our surgeons spend a lot of time with you to diagnose your condition. You are assisted in all pre-surgery medical diagnostics. We offer advanced laser and laparoscopic surgical treatment. Our procedures are USFDA approved.

Post Surgery Care

Post Surgery Care

We offer free follow-up consultations and instructions including dietary tips as well as exercises to every patient to ensure they have a smooth recovery to their daily routines.

Pristyn Care in Numbers

200K+Happy Patients

Frequently Asked Questions

How long does IVF take to get pregnant?


One IVF cycle takes around 2 months. The number of IVF cycles required differs from one person to another. For women below the age of 35 years have a high chance of getting pregnant with their first IVF cycle. For those more than 35 years or with any other health complications, it may take 2-3 IVF cycles.

Is IVF a painful treatment?

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How many injections are needed in IVF treatment?

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What is a good AMH level for IVF?

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Who is not a good candidate for IVF treatment?

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Are there any side effects of IVF?

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Which is the best IVF clinic in Mumbai?

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Who is the best IVF doctor in Mumbai?

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Which is the best hospital for IVF treatment in Mumbai?

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Can I choose twins with IVF?

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What is the role of age in IVF?

The success rate of an IVF treatment depends highly on the age of the woman. As a woman ages, her chances of having a successful career gradually go down. If she is using her own eggs:

  • If the woman is below 35 years of age, the percentage of live births per egg retrieval is 54.4%.
  • For a woman between 35 to 37 years of age, the percentage of live births per egg retrieval is 42%.
  • For a woman between 38 to 40 years of age, the rate of live births per egg retrieval is 26.6%.
  • For a woman aged between 41 to 42 years, the rate of live births per egg retrieval is 13.3%.
  • If the woman aged 43 or above, her chances of live births per egg retrieval go to as low as 3.9%.

*These percentages are not per cycle, these are data from the records of national IVF success rates, in cases where donor eggs were used.

The chances of a successful pregnancy decline after the age of 40. This is the main reason why women above 40 years of age have to depend on donor eggs. The success rate of an IVF treatment using donor eggs is not dependent on the age of the woman.

There are many complications and risks involved in IVF for women above 40 years of age. Some of those are:

  • Genetic abnormalities
  • Fetal mortality
  • Life threatening complication
  • Complications during pregnancy and delivery
  • Unhealthy fetus

Fertility treatment for every woman becomes expensive and tougher with age.

Are IVF babies healthy?

Whether the babies born through IVF fertility procedure are healthy or not - this is one of the most common queries that IVF doctors or fertility specialists get to hear.

The simple answer to this question is, yes. Babies born through IVF are healthy are as healthy as those born through natural pregnancy. IVF treatment, when done under expert guidance, do not pose any threat or risk, either short term or long term, to the health of the baby. The primary difference between IVF babies and normal babies lies only in the way they are conceived.

Speaking about the concern, a senior fertility specialist at Pristyn Care says, "At the current scenario, there are more than 80 lakh babies around the world who are born through IVF. The number itself tells that IVF babies are healthy. The chance that any baby hasn't had a problem are almost comparable to what a normal population could have or a normal conception could have. IVF babies have completely normal features and there's no way one can find out that it's a baby born by IVF. The pregnancy outcomes are similar. The babies can undergo a normal delivery, and if required, a cesarian like a normal pregnancy. After they are born, they are like a healthy, normal baby, with normal mental development."

Contact Pristyn Care, Mumbai, if you are facing issues with getting pregnant

Pristyn Care, Mumbai is one of the best fertility healthcare centers that work with some of the top IVF specialists/ fertility specialists of the country who have years of experience in leading couples to the joys of parenthood. Pristyn Care is associated with the top hospitals and IVF labs in Mumbai that are equipped with state-of-the-art facilities required to perform advanced IVF procedures. Our doctors understand that the entire process is more than just a treatment for any couple who is holding on to the hope of becoming parents. IVF specialists working with Pristyn Care do a thorough consultation in the case of every patient to understand their problems, evaluate their health condition, and then determine the treatment method that will work best. Pristyn Care makes sure that the team is there for the patient throughout the treatment course. It is not just a treatment for us, it is a path to your happiness, where every person involved works as a team.

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