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Common Laser Surgery Performed in India

Laser surgery has become a very popular and prominent technique to treat various medical conditions. At Pristyn Care, we leverage this modern technology to provide treatment for piles, anal fissures, anal fistulas, kidney stones, varicose veins, refractive errors, cataracts, and others. Book a consultation with our experts and learn all about laser treatments.

Laser surgery has become a very popular and prominent technique to treat various medical conditions. At Pristyn Care, we leverage this modern technology to ... Read More

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What is Laser Surgery?

Any surgical procedure performed using the laser technique is considered laser surgery. The term LASER means light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation. It involves using light energy for various purposes, including cutting and ablating the soft tissues. It also promotes healing to repair and rejuvenate the tissues in various cases. 

A special device is used for laser surgery that generates light in the form of a laser beam. The device can be customized to emit monochromatic (a single color), coherent (have the same frequency and waveform), and collimated (travel in the same direction) rays. All types of lasers have a continuous or pulsating mode of operation. Different types of laser surgeries use a different principle to provide the desired results. 

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Effects Exhibited by Laser

The laser can exhibit the following effects- 

  • Photochemical or Photodynamic Effect- It is used for malignant tumors. A photosensitizer is administered, which is absorbed by the tumor tissues. Then the light energy is emitted by the laser to palliate or ablate the cancerous tissues. 
  • Photoablative Effect– It involves delivering photo energy into the tissue to ablate it quickly before the heat is transferred to the surrounding tissue. It is most commonly used for refractive surgery in which the anterior corneal tissues are ablated through a focused pulsed laser beam. 
  • Photothermal Effect- This effect is associated with electromagnetic radiation produced by photoexcitation. It results in heat production that is used to treat lesions, ulcers, and bleeding. 
  • Photomechanical Effect- This effect is mostly used for intraluminal lithotripsy (for kidney stones). It involves using light energy and heat energy to create acoustic waves to change the shape of the material or break it up into smaller particles. 

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Different Types of Lasers Used in Surgeries

There are various types of lasers categorized according to the type of gain medium, mode of operation, pulse duration, and wavelength. The most common types of lasers currently used in surgical procedures, irrespective of their categorization, are explained below. Each of these types of lasers has unique characteristics and applications. 

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Various Conditions Treated Using Laser Technique

Laser technology is used in a wide range of medical procedures to treat various conditions. Some examples are given below:

  • Anorectal Disorders– Conditions like hemorrhoids, anal fissures, anal fistulas, pilonidal cysts, anal warts, etc., are commonly treated using laser technology. 
  • Gastrointestinal Disorders- Common gastrointestinal disorders treated using laser include inflammatory bowel disease, gallstones, peptic ulcers, etc. 
  • Eye Conditions: Lasers are commonly used in eye surgeries to treat conditions such as refractive errors, cataracts, glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy, and macular degeneration.
  • Vascular Conditions: Lasers can be used to treat vascular conditions such as varicose veins and spider veins.
  • Kidney Stones: Lasers can be used to break up kidney stones into smaller pieces, which can then be passed through the urinary tract more easily.
  • Wound Healing: Laser therapy can be used to promote healing in chronic wounds, such as diabetic foot ulcers and ingrown toenail wounds.
  • Gynecological Conditions: Lasers can be used to treat gynecological conditions such as vaginal warts, endometriosis, uterine fibroids, and vaginal atrophy. Besides this, the laser is also used for vaginal tightening, rejuvenation, etc. 
  • Aesthetic Concerns- The laser technique can also be used for fat reduction, body contouring, gynecomastia treatment, facelift, breast reduction, scar removal, etc. 
  • Skin Conditions: Laser therapy is also used to treat skin conditions such as acne, rosacea, psoriasis, vitiligo, and warts.
  • Hair & Tattoo Removal: Laser hair removal is a popular cosmetic procedure that uses laser technology to remove unwanted hair from the body and to remove unwanted tattoos by breaking up the ink particles in the skin. 

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Laser Surgery Performed At Pristyn Care

At Pristyn Care, we leverage the modern, minimally invasive laser technology to treat a variety of conditions and provide the expected results to the patients. Different types of laser surgeries performed by our doctors include- 

These types of laser surgeries are further explained in detail. 

Piles Laser Treatment

Laser treatment for piles is a minimally invasive procedure that uses a CO2 laser to shrink the swollen and inflamed tissues. This treatment is also known as laser hemorrhoidoplasty or laser hemorrhoidectomy. During the procedure, a small probe is inserted into the anal canal, and the laser energy is directed towards the piles. The laser causes the piles to shrink and eventually fall off. Laser treatment for piles has several advantages over traditional surgical methods. It is minimally invasive, meaning there is less pain, bleeding, and scarring. The recovery time is also much shorter, and patients can usually return to their normal activities within a few days.

However, laser treatment for piles is not suitable for all patients. It is generally recommended for patients with grade 1 or grade 2 piles, which are small and not prolapsed. Patients with larger or prolapsed piles may require a more invasive procedure, such as a traditional hemorrhoidectomy.

Laser Fissure Treatment

Laser fissure treatment involves using a CO2 laser to treat small tears in the lining of the anus. This treatment is also known as laser sphincterotomy or laser anal dilatation. During the procedure, a small probe is inserted into the anal canal, and the laser energy is directed towards the fissure. The laser causes the tissue around the fissure to relax, which allows better blood flow and healing to occur. Similar to laser piles surgery, it causes minimal pain, bleeding, and scarring. The recovery is also quick, and the patients return to their normal activities within a few days. 

This treatment method is suitable for patients who have small and uncomplicated fissures. If the condition is more complex, the doctor will recommend a traditional sphincterectomy.

Laser Anal Fistula Surgery

Laser anal fistula surgery is a minimally invasive procedure that leverages laser energy to treat simple and superficial anal fistulas. An anal fistula is a small tunnel that develops between the skin around the anus and the anal canal. It is usually caused by an infection in the anal gland. During the procedure, a small probe is inserted into the fistula tract, and the laser energy is directed toward the tissue. The CO2 laser causes the tissue to vaporize, which creates a channel for the fistula to drain. 

It has several advantages over traditional techniques, including minimal pain, bleeding, and scarring. Patients with more complex or deep fistulas will require a more invasive approach to treatment, such as a fistulotomy or fistulectomy. 

Laser Vaginal Tightening

Laser vaginal tightening, also known as laser vaginal rejuvenation or laser vaginal resurfacing, is a procedure that uses laser energy to tighten the vaginal canal. The procedure is designed to treat vaginal laxity, which can be caused by aging, childbirth, or hormonal changes. During the procedure, a small probe is inserted into the vagina, and the laser energy is directed toward the tissue. The laser causes the tissue to contract and tighten, which results in a firmer and more toned vaginal canal. 

It is a minimally invasive procedure that promotes collagen production in the vaginal area to address dryness, urinary incontinence, and regain firmness. A CO2 laser or radiofrequency laser (RF) may be used to provide the desired results to the patients.

Laser Circumcision Surgery

In most cases, laser circumcision surgery is the preferred choice for patients and doctors as it is a minimally invasive procedure. It uses laser energy to remove the foreskin of the penis. The procedure is performed to treat conditions such as phimosis (a tight foreskin that cannot be retracted), balanitis, paraphimosis, foreskin infection, or to remove the foreskin for personal or cultural reasons.

During the procedure, a small probe is used to remove the foreskin using laser energy. The laser promotes scar tissue formation, which results in less bleeding, swelling, and scarring compared to traditional surgical methods. Mostly, the CO2 laser is used for the procedure. 

Laser Lithotripsy

Laser lithotripsy is a minimally invasive procedure used to treat kidney stones or ureter stones. The procedure uses laser energy from a Holmium YAG laser or pulsed-dye laser to break up the stones into smaller fragments, which can then be passed out of the body through the urine. During the procedure, a small fiber is inserted into the urethra and passed up to the location of the stone using a cystoscope or ureteroscope. The laser energy is then delivered to the stone, causing it to break up into smaller fragments. 

It causes minimal pain, bleeding, scarring, and the chances of other side effects are also minimal. However, laser lithotripsy is not suitable for all patients. It is generally recommended for patients with smaller stones or stones located in the ureter or kidney. Patients with larger or more complex stones may require a more invasive procedure such as percutaneous nephrolithotomy or open surgery.

Endovenous Laser Ablation Therapy (EVLT)

EVLT is performed to treat varicose veins and spider veins effectively. It involves using a catheter, diode laser, and ultrasound to locate the malfunctioning, swollen, and inflamed veins and ablate them precisely. The laser probe emits a focused, pulsating beam of light that converts into heat energy and closes/destroys the enlarged veins. 

This technique is used to treat veins that are still untwisted and straight. Though it is a new approach, it has a long-term success rate, usually higher than 95%. However, in complex cases, traditional vein ligation and stripping techniques may be more effective than laser treatment.

Laser Liposuction

Laser liposuction, also known as laser-assisted liposuction, is a minimally invasive cosmetic procedure that uses Nd: YAG laser technology to remove unwanted fat from specific areas of the body. The procedure involves inserting a thin tube, called a cannula, through a small incision in the skin, which is then attached to a laser fiber. The laser energy is used to liquefy the fat cells, making them easier to remove through suction. Additionally, the laser energy can help tighten the skin in the treated area, leading to a smoother, more toned appearance. 

The application of laser liposuction is vast, as the same technique can be used for lipoma removal, male breast reduction surgery, female breast reduction, double chin removal, and other treatments as well.

Laser Eye Surgery or Refractive Surgery

Laser eye surgery, also known as refractive surgery, is a procedure that uses the excimer and/or femtosecond laser to reshape the cornea of the eye to correct myopia, hyperopia, and astigmatism. The goal of the surgery is to improve visual acuity and reduce the need for corrective eyewear such as glasses or contact lenses.

The most common types of laser eye surgery are LASIK (laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis) and PRK (photorefractive keratectomy). LASIK involves creating a thin flap in the cornea, which is lifted to expose the underlying tissue. The laser then reshapes the tissue to correct the vision problem before the flap is replaced and allowed to heal. PRK, on the other hand, involves removing the outer layer of the cornea before the laser is applied to the underlying tissue. 

Laser Cataract Surgery

Laser cataract surgery is a procedure used to remove cataracts, which is a clouding of the natural eye lens. During the procedure, a small incision is made in the eye, and a laser (mostly femtosecond laser) is used to break up the cloudy lens into smaller pieces. These pieces are then removed from the eye, and an artificial lens is inserted to replace the natural lens. 

The use of a laser during cataract surgery can offer several advantages over traditional cataract surgery techniques. For example, the laser can create more precise incisions and can break up the lens more efficiently, reducing the amount of time needed for the procedure. Being a minimally invasive technique, it also reduces the risks associated with cataract removal, such as infection, bleeding, swelling, and damage to the surrounding eye structure.

Common FAQs Around Laser Surgery

How much does laser surgery cost at Pristyn Care?

The cost of laser surgery ranges from Rs. 25,000 to Rs. 1,50,000 approximately. In general, the price varies for each patient depending on the condition for which the laser technique is being used. It’ll be best to get an estimate from our experts. 

Is laser surgery safe?

Laser surgery is generally considered safe when performed by a qualified and experienced professional. However, as with any medical procedure, there are risks and potential complications that should be discussed with your doctor before undergoing surgery.

Does laser surgery hurt?

Laser surgery is typically performed under local anesthesia, so you should not feel any pain during the procedure. However, some patients may experience discomfort or mild pain afterward, which can be managed with over-the-counter pain medication.

How long does recovery take after laser surgery?

Recovery time varies depending on the type of laser surgery and the individual patient. Most patients can return to their normal activities within a few days to a few weeks after the procedure as it is a minimally invasive procedure. 

Can anyone undergo laser surgery?

Not everyone is a good candidate for laser surgery. Your doctor will evaluate your overall health and the condition you are seeking treatment for to determine if laser surgery is right for you. Some health conditions, such as diabetes or pregnancy, and certain medications, such as blood thinners, may make you ineligible for laser surgery.

Which type of anesthesia is used for laser surgery?

The type of anesthesia used for laser surgery depends on the type of procedure and the patient’s individual needs and medical history. Local anesthesia is used for minor procedures, such as hair removal. However, general anesthesia or sedation may be used for more invasive procedures, such as laser liposuction or laser cataract surgery. 

How can I consult Pristyn Care doctors?

To consult Pristyn Care doctors, you can give us a call or fill out the appointment form to submit your details. Our care coordinators will arrange the consultation at a date and time which is convenient for you.