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What Is Sinusitis?

Sinusitis is an ENT condition which affects 1 in 8 persons in India. It is an inflammation of the lining of the paranasal sinuses, the hollow spaces behind the face that lead to the nasal cavity. These sinuses are responsible for secreting a slimy substance called mucus, which helps keep the nasal passages moist and helps capture dirt particles, germs, allergens, etc. This condition flares up when the mucus builds up in the hollow space of the sinus and causes infection.

Generally, Sinusitis at initial stage goes away on its own with some home remedies. However, a doctor’s intervention becomes necessary in severe or recurrent cases of Sinusitis. Sinus infection treatment may include medicine, surgery, or a combination of both, depending on the severity of the condition and several other factors. 

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Best Doctors For Sinusitis Treatment In India

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Best Clinics For Sinusitis Treatment In India

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  • 4/5
    Pristyncare Clinic image : Infinity Mall, Mum, Twinkle Apartments Adarsh Nagar Rd Andheri West...

    Pristyn Care Andheri West

    Infinity Mall, Mum, Twinkle Apartments Adarsh Nagar Rd Andheri West...

  • 4/5
    Pristyncare Clinic image : No A 24  Hauz Khas Delhi Delhi - Delhi

    Pristyn Care Hauz Khas

    No A 24 Hauz Khas Delhi Delhi - Delhi

  • 4/5
    Pristyncare Clinic image : Chanakyapuri Building tukaram paduka chowk 1st floor tukaram paduka chowk...

    Pristyn Care tukaram paduka chowk

    Chanakyapuri Building tukaram paduka chowk 1st floor tukaram paduka chowk...

  • 4/5
    Pristyncare Clinic image : KHB Colony, 5th Block 17th B Main Rd, Koramangala Bangalore...

    Pristyn Care Koramangala

    KHB Colony, 5th Block 17th B Main Rd, Koramangala Bangalore...

Stages of Sinusitis

Stages of Sinusitis

Typically, common cold, allergic rhinitis, nasal polyps, and deviated septum are among the leading causes of Sinus infection. However, pollutants, chemical irritants, and fungal infections can also cause this condition. Various stages of Sinusitis are: 

  • Acute Sinusitis: This is the first stage of sinusitis. Acute sinusitis lasts for the shortest period of time. Usually, the person starts experiencing symptoms of cold caused due to viruses. Consequently, it will be futile to use antibiotics at this stage. The infection eventually clogs the nasal cavity and results in another infection. Once the cold turns into an infection due to bacteria, the antibiotics can work. In rare cases, not only it can be a bacterial infection but also a fungal infection. In this type of sinus infection, the symptoms can last up to 4 weeks. The main cause of acute sinusitis is seasonal allergies.
  • Subacute Sinusitis: The symptoms of subacute sinusitis last up to 4-12 weeks. The most common types of contributing factors for subacute sinusitis are – seasonal allergies and bacterial infections.
  • Chronic Sinusitis: Sinusitis that lasts for more than 3 months is termed as chronic sinusitis. This can occur with or without nasal polyps. Moreover, people suffering from persistent allergies or structural abnormalities are more prone to chronic sinusitis. In order to diagnose properly, the ENT specialist can recommend a CT scan of the sinuses and the nose. Moreover, the doctor physically examines the nasal passages with an endoscope. Additionally, they can also recommend tests for blood and allergy as well as bacterial cultures. For the treatment of chronic sinusitis, patients can take nasal irrigation and decongestants by loosening out the phlegm.
  • Recurrent Sinusitis: People suffering from recurrent sinusitis are prone to developing sinus attacks several times in a  year.

What Are The 4 Types Of Sinuses?

What Are The 4 Types Of Sinuses?

Sinuses are simply hollow spaces in the bones around the nose. The sinuses help to keep the nasal cavities moist and trapping of any germs or allergens by producing mucus or fluid.

4 types of sinuses are present around the nose and eyes.

  1. Maxillary sinuses- These are the hollow spaces that are present inside the cheekbones on both sides of the nose.
  2. Frontal sinuses- The cavities located around the eyes and the forehead are referred to as frontal sinuses.
  3. Ethmoid sinuses- This type of sinus is present between the eyes and bridge of the nose
  4. Sphenoid sinuses- These nasal cavities are located behind the eyes and around the upper nasal bone.

Prevention Of Chronic Sinusitis

Prevention Of Chronic Sinusitis

Take these steps to reduce your risk of getting chronic sinusitis:

  • Avoid upper respiratory infections
  • Minimize contact with people who have cold
  • Wash your hands frequently with soap and water, especially before meals
  • Avoid triggers of allergies
  • Work with your doctor to keep symptoms under control
  • Avoid exposure to things you’re allergic to whenever possible
  • Tobacco smoke and dry air can irritate and inflame nasal passages and lungs

Chronic sinusitis lasts for a long time, over 12 weeks. Chronic sinusitis is not usually caused by bacteria and doesn’t get better with standard treatment, such as antibiotics.

Best Healthcare Centre For Sinusitis Surgery

Best Healthcare Centre For Sinusitis Surgery

Effective treatment and care can give you long-term relief from the discomforting sinusitis symptoms. At Pristyn Care, we provide all-inclusive packages for sinusitis treatment and strive to make affordable treatment accessible to all sections of society. To bring quality healthcare facilities within the reach of all, we have partnered with the best ENT hospitals in India with state-of-the-art infrastructure and world-class facilities to ensure a smooth patient treatment experience. 

Our team consists of the top ENT specialists in India. They use their expertise in medicine along with advanced treatment methods to offer the best solution for sinus infection, nasal polyps and other ENT diseases. Here are some more reasons why you should choose Pristyn Care for your sinusitis treatment: 

  • Our ENT specialists have 8+ years of experience in treating complex sinusitis cases 
  • Patients can pay through multiple payment modes. We also have No Cost EMI plans.
  • We provide pick-up and drop facilities on the day of surgery
  • We offer complete insurance assistance. 

What Happens In Sinusitis Treatment?

What Happens In Sinusitis Treatment?

Diagnosis

Sinusitis can cause some discomfort and may exhibit various symptoms such as runny or stuffy nose, frequent headaches, facial pain or pressure etc. If you experience any sinusitis symptoms, you must reach out to an ENT specialist to get a thorough diagnosis of your condition. The ENT specialist will begin the diagnosis by asking questions about your symptoms, medical history, and lifestyle habits. Based on the findings, the doctor might suggest the following tests: 

Imaging tests (CT scan or MRI): Imaging tests help doctors get a clear view of your sinuses and nasal area and look for deep inflammation or physical blockage, which may be polyps or tumors. 

Nasal Endoscopy: This investigation helps doctors look inside the sinuses and get a clearer view of the problem. To perform a nasal endoscopy, ENT specialists insert a thin, flexible tube with a fiber optic light into your nose to get a view of the sinuses. The scope helps doctors look for polyps, deviated nasal septum, tumors, or other abnormalities. 

An allergy test: Allergy is a leading cause of sinusitis. If the doctor suspects the condition is caused due to an allergy, they might suggest a skin allergy test. It is a quick test that helps doctors detect the allergens that are causing the condition. 

Cultures: Cultures or samples from your nasal or sinus discharge may be collected when the condition doesn’t respond to treatment and keeps aggravating. In this test, the doctor will collect a swab sample from your nose and will look for the presence of bacteria and fungi. 

Non Surgical Treatment of Sinus Infection

Non Surgical Treatment of Sinus Infection

In the initial stages, sinusitis can be treated with medication and therapy. Some non-surgical methods of treating sinus infection include: 

Nasal Corticosteroids: These are nasal sprays that help prevent and treat inflammation of the sinuses’ lining. The treatment is done through fluticasone (Flonase Allergy Relief, Flonase Sensimist Allergy Relief, others), budesonide (Rhinocort Allergy), mometasone (Nasonex) and beclomethasone (Beconase AQ, Qnasl, others).

Oral of injected corticosteroids: This treatment is used in case of severe sinusitis. It involves oral or injected medicines that help relieve inflammation and other symptoms of sinusitis. These medicines can cause serious side effects when used long-term. Therefore, they’re only prescribed in very serious cases of sinus inflammation. 

Medicines for allergy: If doctors identify allergy as the major cause behind sinusitis, they might recommend allergy medications.. 

Aspirin desensitization treatment: This treatment is prescribed if a reaction to aspirin causes your sinuses and nasal polyps. Doctors might give you larger doses of aspirin under medical supervision to increase your tolerance to it. 

Antibiotics: Sinusitis can be caused due to bacterial infection. In such cases, the doctor might suggest antibiotic treatment, along with other medication, to relieve the symptoms and treat the condition. 

Antifungal treatment: If your infection is due to fungi, you may receive antifungal medicines.

Medication to treat chronic sinusitis: In some cases of chronic sinusitis, doctors inject Dupilumab or Omalizumab to offer effective relief from the condition. These medicines help in shrinking nasal polyps and lessen congestion. 

Immunotherapy: If sinusitis is caused by allergies, the doctor might prescribe immunotherapy, which consists of allergy shots. They help in reducing the body’s reaction to some allergens and help in lowering the symptoms of sinusitis. 

Sinustis Treatment By Surgical Method

Sinustis Treatment By Surgical Method

When symptoms of sinus infection become severe and unmanageable through medicines and therapies, surgery becomes important. It is generally suggested in cases of chronic sinusitis. A sinus surgery generally involves removing the infected sinus, nasal polyps, bone, or to treat other conditions that might be causing the symptoms.

The 3 most commonly performed sinusitis surgeries and their procedures are as follows: 

Functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS):

FESS is the most commonly performed surgery for sinus. It is aimed at widening the passages between the nose and sinuses to remove bone infected tissues to allow the trapped mucus to drain out. This surgery is performed with the help of an endoscope, which allows doctors to look inside your nose and sinuses, and perform the surgery with precision. An image-guided system might be used to perform FESS. This surgery is carried out in the following steps:

Step 1: The doctor puts a decongestant in the nose.

Step 2: They perform a nasal endoscopy and then  inject a numbing solution into the nose. 

Step 3: Next, the doctor will insert surgical tools along with the endoscope to extract bone, damaged tissue or polyps that may be causing the blockage in your sinuses. 

Step 4: Finally, the doctor will pack your nose with bandages to soak blood or discharge. 

 

Balloon sinuplasty: 

Balloon sinuplasty is a minimally-invasive method of treating sinusitis, which is performed with the help of an endoscope. A small balloon is inserted into the nose with the help of an endoscope and catheter, which increases the passageway to your sinus. Here’s how this surgery is performed: 

Step 1: The doctor uses local anaesthesia to sedate the patient. It is injected in the tissue lining of the nose.

Step 2: A catheter is inserted into the nose with the help of an endoscope. It is used to guide the catheter. 

Step 3: The doctor puts a small balloon in the sinus, and inflates it slowly to unblock the sinuses. 

Step 4: Finally, the balloon is removed. 

 

Caldwell Luc surgery: 

The Caldwell Luc Surgery is performed when other treatment methods fail to offer relief from the condition. In this surgery, the doctors access your sinuses through a new opening in your maxillary sinus, which is located behind the neck. This surgery involves the following steps: 

Step 1: The doctor administers general anaesthesia to sedate the patient.

Step 2: Then, an incision is made in the gum, between the upper lip and gum tissue to access the wall of the maxillary sinus. 

Step 3: In the next step, a small hole is made in the sinus wall to remove the damaged tissue or bone which is causing the problem.

Step 4: An endoscope is used to widen the opening of the sinus.

Finally, sutures are used to close the gum incision. 

Frequently Asked Questions of Sinus

What is the role of sinuses?

Sinuses are a part of the respiratory system. They pockets of air that connect to your nasal cavities, They produce mucus which is responsible for keeping your nose moist and collect dirt particles, germs, allergens, etc They also help in lightening the weight of the head, increasing the resonance of speech, and heating and humidifying the air we inhale. There are 4 paranasal sinuses, named- maxillary, ethmoid, sphenoid, and frontal sinuses. 

How common is sinusitis?

Research says that 1 in 8 persons in India has sinusitis. This condition is very common and affects several people every year. Even though it can affect anyone, it is relatively more common in people with nasal allergies, asthma, abnormal nose structures, and nasal polyps. 

What are the common symptoms of sinusitis treatment requirements?

Sinusitis can exhibit several symptoms. Individuals with sinusitis generally show a combination of the following symptoms: 

  • Runny or stuffy nose
  • Facial pain or pressure.
  • Recurrent headache 
  • Mucus dripping down the throat (post-nasal drip)
  • Sore throat and cough 
  • Bad breath.
What are some home remedies for sinusitis?

In most cases, sinusitis gets better on its own and does not require medical intervention. If you experience symptoms of sinusitis, you can try the following home remedies to treat this condition at home: 

  • Use a humidifier or vaporizer and drink plenty of fluids. 
  • Take steam regularly. It helps loosen mucus and relieves congestion.
  • Using warm and cold compresses on sinuses can also help in relieving symptoms. 
  • Try nasal (saline) irrigation
Is sinusitis recurring?

Yes. Recurrent sinusitis is quite common. Several people experience sinusitis multiple times in a year. If someone experiences more than 4 episodes of sinusitis, he/she might have recurrent sinusitis. 

Does sinusitis always require surgery?

Not really. In most cases, sinusitis subsides on its own and does not require medical intervention. In some other cases, treatment through medicines offer relief to the patients. Surgery is required in severe cases of sinusitis, when medicines and other methods fail to offer relief from the condition. 

How long does a sinus infection last?

The nasal passage and breathing will return to normal within 2 to 3 weeks of the surgery. However, you might have to see the doctor for a couple of months after surgery. 

Is sinusitis surgery covered under insurance?

When sinusitis turns chronic, surgery becomes requisite. Therefore, in such cases, surgery is deemed a medical necessity, and it’s therefore covered under medical insurance. However, the amount of coverage may vary. We suggest reaching out to your insurance provider to know more about the insurance coverage for sinusitis surgery.

How to prevent sinusitis in the first place?

The following tips can help you prevent sinusitis in the first place: 

  • Avoid coming in contact with people with respiratory problems
  • Do not smoke cigarettes and avoid being in polluted spaces
  • Use a humidifier
  • Manage your allergies
  • Irrigate your sinuses regularly 
Is sinus infection contagious?

What Happens Before Sinusitis Surgery?

What Happens Before Sinusitis Surgery?

Here’s what you can expect before your sinusitis surgery:

  • The healthcare provider will perform some preoperative screening tests to assess the condition, and how serious it is. 
  • The ENT specialist might also prescribe some medication to prevent infection of swelling. Make sure you take the medicines on time. 
  • You’ll be asked to avoid some medicines too, such as aspirin. It can increase the risk of excessive bleeding during and after the surgery. 
  • Avoid eating or drinking anything at least 8 hours before the surgery as it might cause complications with anaesthesia. 

What to Expect After Sinusitis Treatment?

What to Expect After Sinusitis Treatment?

Sinusitis treatment can benefit you in more ways than one. Not only does it help in relieving the discomforting symptoms, but also: 

  • Helps reduce facial pain and pressure
  • Reduces the chances of headaches and sinus infections 
  • Relieves pressure and pain in your sinus pathways
  • Improve your quality of life in general 

What Is Cost Of Sinus Surgery In India?

What Is Cost Of Sinus Surgery In India?

Sinus surgery costs can be different for each individual. The minimum cost of sinus surgery is around Rs. 45,000, which can go up to Rs. 70,000. The variation in the cost of sinus surgery can be attributed to various factors, consisting of but not limited to the following:

  • Fees of the ENT specialist
  • Severity of the condition
  • Location of the hospital
  • Type of hospital (government/private)
  • Cost of preoperative tests

Consult with best ENT specialist at Pristyn Care and Get the estimate for the cost of Sinus Surgery.

Our Patient Love Us

  • Megha

    Treatment: Sinusitis

    5/5

    I got my sinus surgery done and I’ve never felt better. Thanks a lot! I would recommend doctor Mansi to all my friends and family!

    City: Bangalore 1 month ago
  • Mehul Kapadia

    Treatment: Sinusitis

    5/5

    I had very bad experience with my health from last 6 months with lots of Headaches, Cold as well, but after visiting Pristyn Care and meeting Dr . Seema it provided me a big relief by getting my examine in very thorough way and find the cause root going through CT scan , finally i am having my FESS + Septoplasty + Neptoplasty surgery with Dr . Seema on good hands Thank You Dr Seema .

    City: Mumbai 1 month ago
  • Mehzabeen

    Treatment: Sinusitis

    4.5/5

    He was good at explaining my problem and give a brief about the treatment plan

    City: Bangalore 1 month ago
  • Krishan mohnani

    Treatment: Sinusitis

    4.5/5

    Dr purodha Prasad is a very good doctor i will thanks to pristyn care

    City: Delhi 2 months ago
  • Yuvaraj

    Treatment: Sinusitis

    4.5/5

    Polite and good explanation from the Doctor

    City: Chennai 2 months ago
  • Mohammed Hussain

    Treatment: Sinusitis

    4.5/5

    Doctor so patient.he ask my issue and explain clearly how to solve.thanks to pristyn care.

    City: Chennai 2 months ago
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