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Varicocele Treatment- Diagnosis, Surgery, Benefits & Recovery

Do you have a visible lump or swelling in the scrotum? These symptoms could indicate the presence of varicocele. At Pristyn Care, we provide comprehensive care and treatment for varicocele. We house highly experienced doctors who are trained in traditional and modern techniques of varicocele treatment. Get in touch with us and get a cost estimate for varicocele treatment.

Do you have a visible lump or swelling in the scrotum? These symptoms ... Read More

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    Dr. Amol Gosavi (Y3amsNWUyD)

    Dr. Amol Gosavi

    MBBS, MS - General Surgery
    23 Yrs.Exp.


    23 + Years


    Laparoscopic Surgeon

    General Surgeon


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    Dr. Milind Joshi (g3GJCwdAAB)

    Dr. Milind Joshi

    MBBS, MS - General Surgery
    23 Yrs.Exp.


    23 + Years


    General Surgeon


    Laparoscopic Surgeon

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    Dr. Vaibhav Lokhande (PCB7EWgItp)

    Dr. Vaibhav Lokhande

    MBBS, MS - General Surgery, DNB - General Surgery
    22 Yrs.Exp.


    22 + Years


    General Surgeon

    Laparoscopic Surgeon


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    Dr. S. Kumarswamy (vFaB5PSDS4)

    Dr. S. Kumarswamy

    MBBS, MS-General Surgery
    20 Yrs.Exp.


    20 + Years


    General Surgeon

    Laparoscopic Surgeon


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  • What is Varicocelectomy?

    Varicocele is a medical condition characterized by the enlargement of veins within the scrotum, which is the sac that holds the testicles. It occurs when the valves in the veins that regulate blood flow from the testicles to the heart become weak or damaged, causing blood to pool and the veins to dilate. The exact cause of varicocele is not fully understood, but it is believed to be mainly due to anatomical variations in the veins or defects in the valves that normally prevent the backflow of blood. Varicoceles are most commonly found on the left side of the scrotum, although they can occur on both sides.

    Varicoceles are relatively common and are often harmless. However, they can sometimes lead to complications or cause discomfort. Common symptoms include a dull ache or pain in the scrotum, especially after physical exertion or prolonged standing, and a feeling of heaviness or dragging sensation. Some individuals may also experience testicular atrophy (shrinkage) or infertility issues due to the increased temperature in the scrotum affecting sperm production.

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    Varicocele Diagnosis

    The diagnosis of varicocele typically involves a combination of a medical history review, physical examination, and sometimes additional diagnostic tests. Here is an overview of the diagnostic process to identify the severity and determine the best approach for varicocele surgery:

    • Medical History: The doctor will begin by discussing the symptoms and medical history before attempting the surgery for varicocele. He/she may ask about any pain, discomfort, or fertility concerns that are exhibited by the patient.
    • Physical Examination: A physical examination is a crucial step in diagnosing varicocele. The doctor will perform a thorough examination, including inspecting and palpating the scrotum while you are standing. He/she will look for enlarged or twisted veins and assess the size and consistency of the testicles. Typically, varicoceles can be felt as a mass of dilated veins above the testicle, often described as feeling like a “bag of worms.”
    • Valsalva Maneuver: A Valsalva Maneuver is a breathing technique during which the doctor asks the patient to stand and breathe out through the mouth while holding the nose shut. The patient is asked to take deep breaths while the doctor holds the testicle in his/her palm and feels the scrotum. It helps to find enlarged veins in the scrotum.

    In some cases, the doctor may recommend additional tests to confirm the diagnosis and evaluate the severity of the varicocele.

    • Scrotal Ultrasound: This imaging test uses sound waves to create a detailed image of the scrotum and its structures. It can help visualize the dilated veins, assess blood flow, and rule out other conditions that may cause similar symptoms.
    • Doppler Ultrasound: It is a specialized type of ultrasound that evaluates blood flow before the surgery for varicocele. It can provide information about the direction and speed of blood flow in the veins, helping to determine the severity of the varicocele.
    • Semen Analysis (if fertility concerns exist): If the patient is experiencing fertility issues, the doctor may recommend a semen analysis. This test assesses various parameters of sperm health, such as sperm count, motility, and morphology. While varicoceles can potentially affect fertility, not all men with varicoceles experience infertility.

    Based on the findings from the medical history, physical examination, and any additional tests, your doctor will be able to confirm the diagnosis.

    Are you going through any of these symptoms?

    Varicocele Treatment Options

    Treatment options for varicocele can be categorized into surgical and non-surgical approaches. The choice of treatment depends on factors such as the severity of symptoms, impact on fertility, and personal preferences.

    The surgical treatment for varicocele is called Varicocelectomy. It can be performed through different techniques, including open surgery (inguinal or subinguinal approach) or minimally invasive laparoscopic or microscopic procedures. The procedure involves accessing the affected veins, tying them, and/or removing them. This redirects the blood flow to the healthier veins and provides relief from the symptoms. Open varicocele surgery is invasive as it involves making large incisions in the groin or scrotum to access the vein. However, with laparoscopic and microscopic techniques, varicocele surgery is made minimally invasive, allowing faster recovery and lower recurrence rates. The laser surgery for varicocele helps seal the affected veins which are the spermatic veins with the help of the diode laser. This is a more effective method that promotes a quick and smoother recovery.

    The non-surgical treatment option is Varicocele Embolization. Also known as percutaneous embolization, it is a minimally invasive procedure performed by an interventional radiologist. It involves the insertion of a small catheter through a vein and the use of coils or sclerosing agents to block the affected veins. Embolization is an alternative to surgery, particularly for individuals who may not be suitable candidates for surgery or prefer a non-surgical approach.

    If the varicocele is not causing significant symptoms or fertility issues, a conservative approach focusing on managing discomfort or pain may be recommended. This can include over-the-counter pain relievers (e.g., acetaminophen), scrotal support garments (e.g., athletic supporters or compression underwear), and lifestyle modifications (e.g., avoiding prolonged standing or strenuous activities).

    It is important to note that not all varicoceles require treatment. If the varicocele is asymptomatic, not affecting fertility, and causing no significant discomfort, observation without intervention may be an appropriate approach. Regular monitoring and follow-ups with the doctor are essential to assess any changes in symptoms or fertility status.

    Varicocele Surgery (Varicocelectomy)

    The purpose of varicocele surgery is to seal the enlarged and malfunctioning vein in the scrotum and redirect it to the healthy veins, which is best performed with laser surgery for varicocele. Once this is done, the testicle returns to its normal size, and other issues are also addressed.

    The surgery requires general anesthesia and is usually performed on an outpatient basis. Depending on the technique being used, the procedure may take around 1 to 2 hours or more in complex cases. The most suitable technique, between open varicocele surgery, microscopic surgery, or laparoscopic surgery, is chosen depending on the severity of the condition.

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    Benefits of Surgical Treatment for Varicocele

    Surgical treatment for varicocele (varicocelectomy) offers several potential benefits. Here are the primary advantages of varicocele surgery:

    • Relief from Symptoms: Varicocele surgery helps to reduce the pressure caused by the dilated veins, relieving the associated symptoms such as aching, heaviness, or dragging sensation in the scrotum.
    • Improvement in Fertility: Many patients experience improved testicular function and sperm production after varicocele surgery. This leads to improved sperm count, motility, and morphology, potentially increasing the chances of natural conception.
    • Preventative Measures: In men, who don’t have fertility issues, varicocele surgery may be recommended as a preventative measure to ensure it doesn’t cause problems with conception in the future.
    • Low Risk of Recurrence: Varicocelectomy, especially microscopic varicocelectomy, has a minimal risk of recurrence. The surgery preserves the key structures while addressing the issue effectively.

    Besides these advantages, the advanced minimally invasive techniques used for varicocele surgery, such as laparoscopic and microscopic varicocelectomy, offer additional benefits to the patients, which are:

    • Smaller Incisions– As the name signifies, minimally invasive surgery is done through tiny incisions with the help of a laparoscope or microscope and other small surgical instruments.
    • Less Pain- The surgery causes minimal pain during and after the procedure. Thus, the patient needs fewer medications to resume regular activities quickly.
    • Shorter Hospital Stay- A patient who undergoes minimally invasive surgery doesn’t need to stay in the hospital for more than 24 hours as their vitals don’t take long to return to their normal state.
    • Quicker Recovery- Due to the smaller size of the incision, the wound heals quickly and smoothly. Thus, the overall recovery is much faster than open surgery.
    • Less Scarring- As the incisions are tiny, they heal completely without leaving a scar on the body. Normally, even stitches are not needed to close the wound. And if there are stitches, they will also disappear over time without causing visible scarring.

    Increased Accuracy- The minimally invasive techniques are performed using tools like a laparoscope and microscope, which provide clear visualization of the internal organs. Thus, the doctors can carry out the procedure with high precision, thereby improving the success rate as well.

    Preparation Before Varicocele Surgery

    Before the surgery, the doctor will provide detailed instructions to ensure the patient is well-prepared for the surgery. The general instructions will include the following:

    • Before the surgery, the doctor will recommend some tests that need to be carried out to determine the severity of the condition and the safest treatment approach.
    • The patient must inform the doctor about the intake of the prescribed and over-the-counter medications and supplements before proceeding with the surgery. The doctor will adjust these medications and may recommend to avoid using the supplements for a while.
    • It is important to refrain from smoking and drinking alcohol before the surgery to improve overall health.
    • The patient may also be advised to stop taking aspirin and other blood-thinning medications as they can increase the risk of excessive bleeding during the procedure.
    • Refrain from eating and drinking 6-8 hours before the surgery, as the foods or liquids may react with anesthesia and create a risk of aspiration.
    • Take a shower with an antibacterial soap and wear clean and comfortable clothes on the day of surgery.

    If the patient is sick, has a cold, or experiences any other issues, he should inform the doctor so that the surgery can be rescheduled.

    Before and After Varicocele Surgery

    A varicocele is a medical condition characterized by the enlargement of veins within the scrotum. There are multiple treatment options for varicocele including surgical procedures to repair the affected veins, such as varicocelectomy.

    Here are various factors discussing the before and after effects of varicocele surgery:

    • Varicoceles develop when the blood vessels that drain blood from the testicles (the testicular veins) become enlarged and dilated. This can result in a backup of blood flow, leading to increased pressure within the veins.
    • Varicoceles can sometimes cause symptoms such as scrotal pain, discomfort, or a heavy feeling in the scrotum.
    • Varicoceles can also be associated with fertility issues, as they can affect the temperature regulation of the testicles and interfere with sperm production.
    • Varicocele can cause an increase in blood pressure in the abdomen or pelvis.
    • When the varicocele is visible, which is at the grade III level of varicocele, specifically the laser surgery for varicocele can improve the cosmetic appearance of the scrotum.
    • The surgery for varicocele aims to improve symptoms, such as testicular pain, and to enhance fertility in cases where the varicocele is negatively impacting sperm quality or count.
    • The level of swelling and bruising in the scrotal area is reduced as compared to before and after varicocele surgery, and it gets better as the recovery instructions are followed by the patients carefully without fail.
    • After the surgery for varicocele, the patient can participate in sexual activities without any pain or discomfort after proper recovery from the surgical intervention.

    Recovery After Varicocele Surgery

    The recovery time after varicocele surgery can vary from 2 to 4 weeks depending on the specific surgical technique employed, the individual’s healing ability, and the extent of the procedure. The smoothest and quicker recovery is observed during the laser surgery for varicocele. Here are general guidelines for the expected recovery periods associated with different types of varicocele surgery:

    Open Varicocelectomy (inguinal or subinguinal approach): 

    • Hospital stay: Generally, this procedure is performed on an outpatient basis, so an overnight hospital stay is not necessary.
    • Recovery time: Most individuals can expect to resume normal daily activities within a week or two.
    • Return to work or school: Depending on the nature of the job or studies, the patient may need to take 1 to 2 weeks off before returning to work or school.
    • Exercise and physical activity: Strenuous exercise and heavy lifting should be avoided for 2 to 4 weeks following surgery.

    Microsurgical Varicocelectomy & Laparoscopic Varicocelectomy

    • Hospital stay: Similar to open varicocelectomy, microsurgical varicocelectomy is typically performed as an outpatient procedure. The patient is sent home on the same day. However, in the case of laparoscopic varicocelectomy, the patient may require an overnight hospital stay.
    • Recovery time: Recovery time is generally faster compared to open surgery. Most individuals can resume normal activities within a few days to a week.
    • Return to work or school: Depending on the nature of the job or studies, the patient may need to take a few days to a week off before returning to work or school.
    • Exercise and physical activity: Strenuous exercise and heavy lifting should be avoided for approximately 2 weeks following surgery.

    Risk & Complications Associated with Varicocele Surgery

    Varicocele surgery is generally considered safe. However, as with any surgical procedure, there are potential risks and complications that can arise. It’s important to be aware of these possibilities and discuss them with the surgeon. Here are some of the risks and complications associated with varicocele surgery:

    • Infection: There is a risk of developing a surgical site infection, although it is relatively uncommon. Proper surgical techniques, sterile conditions, and appropriate wound care can help minimize this risk.
    • Excessive Bleeding: Bleeding during or after surgery is possible, but it is usually controlled during the procedure. In rare cases, additional intervention may be required to address excessive bleeding.
    • Hematoma: Occasionally, blood can accumulate in the surgical area, resulting in a hematoma. Most hematomas resolve on their own, but in some cases, drainage may be necessary.
    • Damage to surrounding structures: During surgery, there is a small risk of unintentional injury to nearby structures, such as blood vessels, nerves, or the vas deferens (the tube carrying sperm). However, with experienced surgeons, the risk is minimal.
    • Recurrence: While varicocelectomy procedures aim to address the varicocele permanently, there is a small chance of recurrence. The recurrence rate varies depending on the surgical technique used, with microsurgical varicocelectomy typically associated with lower recurrence rates.
    • Pain or discomfort: In some cases, individuals may continue to experience pain or discomfort after surgery. This can occur due to factors such as nerve irritation, residual varicose veins, or other underlying causes. However, significant and persistent postoperative pain is relatively rare.
    • Anesthetic risks: If the surgery requires general anesthesia, there are inherent risks associated with anesthesia administration. These risks are generally minimal but can include allergic reactions, respiratory problems, or adverse reactions to medications.

    The surgeon will discuss the specific risks related to the procedure and provide guidance on how to minimize these risks.

    Lifestyle Changes After Varicocele Surgery

    After varicocele surgery, adopting certain lifestyle changes can contribute to a smooth recovery and promote overall well-being. These recommendations may vary based on individual circumstances and the specific instructions provided by the doctor. Here are some general tips that will be helpful:

    • Rest and Recovery: It is important to give the body enough time to heal after surgery. Follow the surgeon’s instructions regarding rest and limit strenuous activities, such as heavy lifting and intense exercise, for the specified duration. Gradually increase the activity level as advised.
    • Scrotal Support: Wearing scrotal support garments, such as athletic support or compression underwear, can provide additional comfort and support to the scrotum during the healing process. These garments help reduce swelling, promote circulation, and minimize discomfort.
    • Pain Management: Take the prescribed medications as directed by the doctor to manage pain and discomfort. In most cases, pain relievers like acetaminophen may be sufficient. However, if this medicine doesn’t work, the patient can consult the doctor to change the prescription or provide a higher dosage.
    • Healthy Diet: Maintaining a balanced and nutritious diet can support the patient’s recovery and overall health. Focus on consuming a variety of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and healthy fats. Adequate hydration is also essential for optimal healing.
    • Avoid Smoking and Alcohol Consumption: It is advisable to refrain from smoking and drinking alcohol during the recovery period. Smoking can impede the healing process, and alcohol can interfere with medication or cause dehydration.
    • Gentle Exercise: Engaging in light physical activity, such as walking, can help promote blood circulation and prevent blood clots. However, avoid strenuous exercise and heavy lifting during the initial recovery period.
    • Follow-up Appointments: Attend all scheduled follow-up appointments with the doctor to monitor the recovery progress. These visits allow the doctor to assess the healing process, address any concerns or complications, adjust medications, and provide further guidance.
    • Abstain From Sexual Activities: The sexual function won’t be any different after varicocele treatment. However, the patient will be advised to abstain from sexual activities for at least 2 to 3 weeks, depending on the technique used. Engaging in sexual intercourse can increase the risk of internal bleeding or put a strain on the stitches, which can lead to post-op complications. The doctor will guide the patient and provide approval when the patient has healed properly.

    It’s important to follow these post-varicocelectomy recovery tips to ensure a smooth and successful recovery.

    Varicocele Surgery Cost in India

    As an estimate, varicocele surgery costs in India can range from Rs. 30,000 to INR 1,50,000 or more. This estimate includes the expenses associated with the surgical procedure, anesthesia, hospital stay (if required), pre-operative and post-operative consultations, medications, and any necessary diagnostic tests. As compared to other treatment methods laser surgery for varicocele costs more to the patient.

    The general cost estimate for different types of varicocele treatment is given below:

    • Open Varicocelectomy cost in India is around Rs. 35,000 to Rs. 50,000 approximately.
    • Microscopic Varicocelectomy cost in India is around Rs. 45,000 to Rs. 55,000 approximately.
    • Laparoscopic Varicocelectomy cost in India ranges from Rs. 40,000 to Rs. 50,000 approx.
    • The non-surgical treatment, i.e., varicocele embolization, may cost around Rs. 1,00,000 to Rs. 1,50,000 approximately.

    To get a specific cost estimate for varicocele treatment, it’ll be best to consult an expert urologist who can suggest the most suitable treatment option. An important thing that should be noted is that cost should never be the deciding factor while getting surgery for varicocele. The patient should prioritize getting quality treatment from an expert doctor at a good medical facility.

    Varicocele Treatment Coverage Under Insurance

    The coverage of varicocele treatment under insurance can vary depending on the specific insurance plan and the terms and conditions set by the insurance provider. In some cases, varicocele treatment may be covered by insurance, while in other instances, it may be considered an elective procedure due to no medical necessity. The policyholder needs to provide clinical evidence of the condition being symptomatic and causing other medical concerns to get it covered by insurance.

    To determine the coverage for varicocele treatment under the insurance plan, it is recommended to review the insurance policy and/or talk to the insurance provider. They can provide clarification regarding the coverage details, including deductibles, co-pays, and any out-of-pocket expenses of varicocele treatment in India.

    Non-Surgical Treatment of Varicocele

    While surgical treatment is the most common approach for varicocele, there is an alternative non-surgical treatment option called varicocele embolization. Varicocele embolization is a minimally invasive procedure performed by an interventional radiologist. It involves blocking or occluding the affected veins using a catheter.

    During the procedure, an interventional radiologist will make a small incision, typically in the groin or neck area, and insert a catheter into a vein. Using X-ray guidance, the catheter is guided to the site of the varicocele. Small coils or embolic agents (such as tiny particles or foam) are then placed through the catheter into the affected veins, causing them to block or close off. Once the blood flow is redirected, the varicocele shrinks, and symptoms improve.

    Advantages of Varicocele Embolization

    Here are some key advantages of the varicocele embolization technique:

    • Minimally invasive: Varicocele embolization is performed through a small incision, resulting in less tissue trauma and minimal scarring.
    • Outpatient procedure: In most cases, varicocele embolization can be performed on an outpatient basis, allowing for a quicker recovery and avoiding the need for a hospital stay.
    • Requirement of anesthesia: Unlike surgical procedures, varicocele embolization is typically performed under local anesthesia or mild sedation, minimizing the risks associated with general anesthesia.
    • Short recovery time: Recovery time after varicocele embolization is relatively short, with most individuals able to resume normal activities within a few days.

    It is important to note that varicocele embolization may not be the ideal treatment option for all cases of varicocele.

    Home Remedies for Varicocele Treatment

    While there are no specific home remedies that can cure varicoceles, some self-care measures can be taken to manage the symptoms and promote overall testicular health. These measures can be used in conjunction with medical treatment or as a means to reduce discomfort. Here, we are listing some home remedies and lifestyle changes that may provide relief:

    • Scrotal Support: Wearing supportive underwear or a jockstrap can help alleviate discomfort and reduce the pulling or sagging of the scrotum. This can provide temporary relief from varicocele-related pain.
    • Cold Compress: Applying a cold compress or ice pack to the affected area may help reduce swelling and discomfort. Wrap the cold pack in a cloth and apply it to the scrotum for 10-15 minutes at a time. Use the cold pack several times a day.
    • Regular Exercise: Engaging in regular physical activity can improve blood circulation and promote overall testicular health. Low-impact exercises such as walking, swimming, or cycling may be beneficial. However, it is important to avoid heavy lifting or activities that put excessive strain on the pelvic area.
    • Healthy Lifestyle: Adopting a healthy lifestyle can support overall vascular health and minimize symptoms. Maintain a balanced diet, including fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and healthy fats. Stay hydrated, avoid excessive alcohol consumption, and quit smoking.
    • Avoid Prolonged Sitting or Standing: It is important to remember that prolonged sitting and standing can worsen the symptoms of varicocele. Take regular breaks, change positions, and avoid activities that require sitting or standing for long periods of time. If the individual’s job involves immobility for longer periods, consider taking frequent breaks to move and stretch.

    Keep in mind that while these home remedies may provide temporary relief from the symptoms, they do not address the underlying problem. It’ll be best to consult a doctor for proper treatment.

    How to prevent Varicocele?

    Living with varicoceles can be quite painful and full of everyday struggles. Thus, prevention is better than cure. Although, there are no sure-shot ways of preventing varicocele as such, a few dietary and lifestyle changes you can make to reduce the risk of varicocele.

    Let’s get a detailed insight into all the preventive steps you can take to keep the chances of varicoceles:

    • Maintain the health of your vascular system
    • Keep your blood pressure and body weight in check
    • Put an end to the inactive lifestyle
    • Drink loads of hydrating fluids
    • Do not excessively pressurize your groin area
    • Smoking is a big no

    FAQs Around Varicocele Treatment

    Which doctor to consult for varicocele treatment?

    For varicocele treatment, it is recommended to consult a urologist. Urologists specialize in diagnosing and treating conditions related to the urinary tract and reproductive system in both males and females.

    How can I contact Pristyn Care doctors?

    To contact Pristyn Care doctors, you can fill out the appointment form or give us a call. Our care coordinators will get in touch with you and schedule an appointment with a highly experienced doctor of your choice at a date and time that is convenient for you. You can also use Pristyn Care’s dedicated app to book a consultation with a doctor personally.

    Is varicocele dangerous?

    No, varicocele itself is generally not considered dangerous. It is a condition where the veins in the scrotum become enlarged and swollen, similar to varicose veins in the legs. In severe cases, varicocele can cause testicular atrophy and infertility, which can be problematic. In such scenarios, the treatment becomes necessary to improve fertility.

    Does varicocele cause infertility?

    Not necessarily, but varicocele can potentially cause infertility or subfertility in some cases. The enlarged veins can compress testicular veins that carry sperm. Furthermore, the pooling of blood can increase the temperature, which may affect sperm production and function. Varicocele-related infertility can vary in all patients. While some men may experience complete infertility, some may not have any problems. If the problem exists, getting treatment will resolve the problem effectively.

    Can varicocele cause erectile dysfunction?

    No, varicocele is generally not associated with erectile dysfunction. It is a condition that refers to the inability to achieve or maintain an erection for sexual intercourse. While varicocele may cause discomfort or pain in the scrotum, it doesn’t affect the physiological processes involved in achieving an erection. So, if an individual is experiencing such issues, it’s advisable to consult a professional for proper assessment and treatment.

    Is there any ayurvedic medicine for varicocele?

    The efficacy of ayurvedic medicine for treating varicocele is not scientifically proven. It’s always recommended to consult a specialist, preferably a urologist, to get evidence-based treatment based on your individual circumstances.

    How long does varicocele take to disappear after surgery?

    Varicocele surgery aims to correct the enlarged veins in the scrotum, but the vein itself may require several weeks to months to disappear completely. Initially, after the surgery, there will be significant swelling and discomfort in the scrotum. Once these side effects subside, the patient will start to notice improvements.

    How to cure varicocele naturally?

    There are no scientifically proven natural cures for varicocele, but some lifestyle measures can help to manage the symptoms and improve testicular health. The common measures include wearing supportive underwear, exercising, maintaining weight, etc. However, it should be noted that these measures can only address the symptoms, not the underlying condition.

    Can a man with varicocele get a woman pregnant?

    Having varicocele does not automatically mean that a man cannot impregnate a woman. While varicocele can affect sperm quality and fertility in some cases, not all men with varicocele experience infertility. The impact on fertility can vary depending on the severity of varicocele, the degree of sperm abnormalities, and other individual factors. If you are concerned about fertility issues related to varicocele, it is recommended to consult a urologist or a fertility specialist for proper treatment.

    Is advanced varicocele surgery effective?

    Generally, the results of a Varicocele start to show up gradually. It may take up to 3 to 6 months to achieve the best results. However, it should be kept in mind that following the doctor’s instructions throughout the healing process is important in achieving the most effective results. For getting permanent results and to ensure proper and complete recovery, one should regularly attend follow-up appointments with the doctor.

    How long does it take to recover from varicocele treatment?

    Generally, a person can resume a regular routine within two to three days. However, the complete recovery may take three weeks. There are several factors due to which the recovery duration post varicocele surgery may vary from one person to another, such as:

    • The type of treatment one has undergone
    • The age of the patient
    • The healing capability of a person
    • How well a person takes care of himself post-treatment

    When will I be able to return to work after Varicocelectomy?

    Usually, an individual can resume work within 2-3 days post varicocelectomy. However, it also depends on the type of profession you are into. It is always advisable to consult your doctor about resuming work post-treatment. There are a few tips that help you post varicocele treatment:

    • Do not walk faster post-varicocele surgery
    • Avoid strenuous activities
    • Eat fiber-rich food to avoid constipation

    Can a varicocele go away on its own?

    Medications, home remedies, and other tips may successfully provide temporary relief. But without proper treatment, it is highly unlikely that the varicocele will go away on its own.


    What happens to the veins after varicocele surgery?

    After surgery, the veins will no longer be connected to the rest of the body and will no longer cause pain or harm to sperm production.


    Do all varicoceles require treatment?

    Varicoceles in minor conditions might never require treatment. But, it would require medical attention if it causes pain, swelling and discomfort, infertility, or testicular atrophy.


    What is the Varicocele Surgery Cost in India?

    On average, the surgical treatment of varicocele costs around Rs. 40,000 to Rs. 85,000 approximately.

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    Content Reviewed By
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    Dr. Amol Gosavi
    23 Years Experience Overall
    Last Updated : February 23, 2024

    What are the types of varicocelectomy?

    Microscopic Varicocelectomy

    This procedure is generally performed if there is a risk of infertility. In this process, the surgeon makes a tiny incision above the scrotum. With the help of a microscope, the surgeon separates the testicular arteries and vas deferens in the scrotum. Keeping the lymphatic drainage intact, the surgeon then dissects down to the spermatic cord. After the abnormal veins are encountered, each vein is meticulously dissected circumferentially and tied off to disrupt the flow, before draining the blood away from the testicle into the inner thigh and pelvis.

    Laparoscopic Varicocelectomy

    This process is mostly preferred in treating patients diagnosed with a second or third grade of varicoceles and is performed using general anesthesia. During the procedure, the surgeon makes small incisions in the abdomen. Through one of the incisions, the surgeon inserts a thin lighted scope (laparoscope) and inflates the abdomen using CO2 gas, which enables them to have a clear view of the internal organs. Once the swollen veins are identified, they are cut and the ends are closed off. As soon as the ends are sealed, all the tools are removed and the incisions are closed with sutures or clips and dressing is applied.

    Open Varicocelectomy

    An open varicocelectomy can be performed through an inguinal or subinguinal approach and takes around 40 to 60 minutes. In the inguinal approach, an incision is made in the groin area. The surgeon identifies and ligates the dilated veins, redirecting the blood flow to healthier veins. In the subinguinal approach, only the incision is smaller in size, otherwise, varicocele is treated in the same way.

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    • LO



      Good approach

      City : HYDERABAD
    • KK

      Kiran Kumar ms


      Doctor good example

      City : BANGALORE
      Doctor : Dr. Sanjit Gogoi
    • KA

      Kunal Azad


      Pristyn Care's varicocele treatment was a life-changer for me. Dealing with the discomfort and swelling in my scrotum was concerning, but their urology team was incredibly supportive and understanding. They recommended a personalized treatment plan to address my varicocele effectively. The procedure was performed with great care, and Pristyn Care's post-operative care was exceptional. Thanks to them, my varicocele symptoms have improved significantly, and I highly recommend Pristyn Care for their expert care

      Doctor : Dr. Gejo George Cedric
    • LK

      Lakshya Khandelwal


      Facing the challenges of discomfort, Pristyn Care's treatment was a turning point in my journey to achieving wellness. Their expert team's guidance and modern techniques were evident. The procedure was prompt, and I've experienced remarkable reduction in discomfort. Pristyn Care specializes in enhancing health.

      City : MEERUT
    • AB

      Arijit Bansal


      Pristyn Care's care and expertise during my varicocele surgery were outstanding. The doctors were compassionate and professional, explaining the procedure in a reassuring manner. They made sure I felt comfortable and prepared for the surgery. Pristyn Care's team provided attentive post-operative care, ensuring a smooth recovery. They followed up regularly and offered valuable advice. Thanks to Pristyn Care, my varicocele is now treated, and I am able to lead a pain-free and active life. I highly recommend Pristyn Care for their expertise and attentive care during varicocele surgery.

      City : BHOPAL
      Doctor : Dr. Rishabh Joshi
    • BN

      Brijmohan Nahar


      My varicocele surgery journey at Pristyn Care was excellent. The doctors were skilled and caring, explaining the procedure and potential outcomes in a compassionate manner. They made me feel at ease and confident about the surgery. Pristyn Care's team provided exceptional post-operative care, ensuring my comfort and well-being during recovery. They were always available to address my concerns and provide support. Thanks to Pristyn Care, my varicocele is now treated, and I am grateful for their expert care during the surgery.

      City : BHUBANESWAR
      Doctor : Dr. Ravi Sharma