The doctor may ask you about your medical history and then conduct some physical exams, blood tests, and imaging tests to assess the severity of the condition.
The doctor conducts the physical exam to look for tenderness and to examine the testicles. After the physical exam, the doctor may also conduct a scrotal ultrasound to get a detailed and accurate picture of the scrotal veins.
In addition to these, some blood tests and semen analysis tests may also be performed to check if varicoceles have impacted the fertility or the hormone levels.
Percutaneous embolization- In this procedure, the doctor inserts a catheter into the body through the groin. The doctor then injects a solution through this catheter into the affected scrotal veins. The solution blocks the vein by scarring it and the damaged vein then collapses. The blood then flows through other healthy veins and the varicocele is treated.
Surgery- The most-effective treatment for curing a varicocele is surgery. The surgical treatment of varicoceles is known as varicocelectomy. This is done when the varicocele causes discomfort or the doctor feels there is a risk of infertility. The whole procedure is performed under the influence of anesthesia.
In this procedure, the surgeon makes a small incision in the abdomen or upper thigh region. A laparoscope and other small equipment are then used to close off the damaged veins and reroute the blood through healthier veins.