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Plastic Surgeries (Reconstructive Surgery) in India : Treatments , Risks & Benefits

Get in touch with Pristyn Care to undergo plastic and reconstructive surgery in India. We provide various types of plastic surgeries to all patients who are looking to reconstruct their facial and body deformities and improve their appearance. Book a free consultation with the best plastic surgeon in India and plan the treatment accordingly.

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What is Plastic Surgery?

Plastic surgery is a surgical specialty that involves the restoration, reconstruction, and alteration of body parts. It restores the functioning of a specific organ and also improves its appearance. It can involve surgery on any body part, including-

  • Skin disorders, such as skin cancer, scars, burns, birthmarks, tattoo removal, etc. 
  • Maxillofacial, i.e., correcting deformities of the face, jaw, and/or mouth, such as cleft lip repair, 
  • Congenital anomalies, such as earlobe deformity, cleft lip, blepharoptosis, etc.

Many people mistake plastic surgery for cosmetic surgery, but both have a key difference. Cosmetic surgery is the sub-specialty of plastic surgery. Cosmetic surgery is carried out primarily to change a person’s appearance according to their wishes. Unlike this, plastic surgery is carried out to restore the organ, tissue, or skin’s function as close to normal as possible, with or without improving the aesthetics. 

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Best Treatment Center for Plastic Surgery in India

Pristyn Care is one of the best treatment centers in India for plastic surgery. We have a dedicated team of plastic surgeons with 10+ years of experience in performing various types of plastic and reconstructive procedures. Whether it is a cleft lip, birthmark, webbed fingers, breast reconstruction, extensive burns, breast surgery, or removal of scars from trauma or injury, plastic surgery is often the go-to method for such concerns.

We have our own clinics across various cities in India and partnered with top hospitals to make best-in-class treatment easily accessible for everyone. These treatment centers are well-equipped with state-of-the-art facilities and modern amenities. The medical and non-medical staff at the treatment centers are also well-trained to ensure the quality of care is not compromised at any level. 

Different Types of Plastic Surgery

Plastic surgery is divided into two categories- 

Reconstructive Surgery

This type of surgery is performed to correct the functional impairments caused by burns, traumatic injuries, congenital abnormalities, developmental abnormalities, and tumors (benign and malignant). The goal of reconstructive plastic surgery is to restore the function and form of the organ.

The most common reconstructive procedures are tumor removal, laceration repair, maxillofacial surgery, scar revision, breast surgery, etc.

Cosmetic Surgery

It is a voluntary or elective surgery performed on normal body parts with the sole purpose of improving appearance. Some common cosmetic surgeries are nose reshaping, facelift, liposuction, breast augmentation, breast reduction,

Some cosmetic surgeries have reconstructive benefits. One of the biggest examples of such procedures is breast reduction surgery. It involves the removal of excess breast tissue and improving its shape and size. But it also helps to relieve backache, neck ache, and other posture-related issues.

Other Types of Plastic Surgery

Typically, plastic surgeries can be further categorized into the following types- 

  • Skin disease, neoplasm, or trauma surgery– It includes procedures carried out for removal of benign or malignant lesions of the skin or fat tissues, scar revision, laser therapy for vascular lesions, etc. 
  • Maxillofacial Surgeries– This type includes the surgeries performed on the head, face, and eyes, such as eyelid surgery or blepharoplasty, ear reshaping, nasal surgery, cleft lip and cleft palate repair surgery, chin reshaping, tumor removal in the head and/or neck, facial deformity treatment, wound treatment, etc. 
  • Breast Surgery– This type includes surgeries like breast reconstruction, male breast reduction surgery, female breast reduction, breast lift, breast augmentation, axillary breast removal, etc. In some cases, even mastectomy is performed as a plastic surgery to remove a benign tumor while preserving the function. 
  • Abdomen– The most common plastic surgery performed on the abdomen is tummy tuck or abdominoplasty. 
  • Hand & Extremities Surgery– This type of surgery is performed to address the congenital abnormalities of the hand, wrist, and distal forearm. Some common examples include ganglion cyst removal, carpal tunnel syndrome, bone or soft tissue tumor removal, etc. 
  • Reconstructive Microsurgery– The microsurgery technique is used to reconstruct the peripheral nerves after injury, replantation, and revascularization of the upper and lower extremities and for microvascular flaps and grafts. 
  • Genitalia Reconstruction– Various procedures like vaginal reconstructions, repair of the penis deformities, gender reassignment surgery, abdominal wall reconstruction, etc., also comes in under plastic surgery. 
  • Cosmetic Surgery– This includes cosmetic rhinoplasty, cosmetic blepharoplasty, breast augmentation, facial contouring, body contouring, liposuction, botox, fillers, laser therapy, and similar procedures performed without the presence of any functional issue. 
  • Skin Surgery– There are various types of plastic surgeries available to address skin concerns. These surgeries include dermabrasion, tattoo removal, skin resurfacing, chemical peel, etc. 

Techniques Used for Plastic Surgery

The various techniques that are used for plastic surgery (cosmetic and reconstructive) can be majorly classified into the following-

  • Endoscopic Surgery– This technique is relatively new in the field of cosmetic and reconstructive surgeries. An endoscope (a tubular probe with a tiny camera and light) is inserted into the body through a tiny incision. The images transmitted to the screen are used to carry out the procedures. The surgeries carried out using this technique are facelifts, breast augmentation, otoplasty, nose surgery, lipoma removal, epidermoid removal, branchial sinus, etc. 
  • Flap Surgery– This technique used for plastic surgery involves moving healthy and live tissues from one body part to the other. It is commonly used to treat the areas where the individual has lost skin, fat, muscle movement, and/or skeletal support. The different types of flaps used are local flap, regional flap, bone/soft tissue flap, musculocutaneous flap (muscle and skin flap), and microvascular free flap. 
  • Laser Technique– The laser technique is very beneficial as it reduces bleeding, bruising, and scarring. One of the most common examples of utilization of the laser technique is laser liposuction. 
  • Skin Grafting Technique– This method involves removing healthy skin tissues in the form of grafts and placing them over the skin that has been damaged or removed. Most commonly, a split-thickness graft and a full-thickness graft are used in this technique. 
  • Tissue Expansion– This technique involves the insertion of a balloon-like device (expander) under the skin. Then the liquid is filled inside the expander. It stretches and expands the skin over time and repairs the lost and damaged skin. 

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What to Expect Before a Plastic Surgery?

All types of surgeries, including plastic surgery, require pre-operative preparations. Before the treatment, expect the following things-

  • A comprehensive pre-operative evaluation of the patient’s overall health, habits, and lifestyle. 
  • Standard tests like CBC, liver function test, renal function test, etc., to help the surgeon adopt the safest surgical approach. 
  • Radiology tests, such as ECG, screening mammography, chest X-ray, etc., may also be performed to identify the composition and structure of the body parts which are being treated. 
  • The patient is advised to stop taking certain medications (blood thinners), supplements, and other products that can interfere with the surgery and its results. 
  • The doctor informs the patient of all the potential risks and complications associated with the procedure. 
  • Usually, the patient is asked to have a friend or family member drive him/her back home. 
  • If the procedure qualifies for insurance coverage, the patient is asked to submit the respective documents to initiate the claim request. 
  • At last, the patient is asked to sign a consent form to proceed with the surgery.

Risks & Complications of Plastic Surgery

Plastic surgery, both reconstructive and cosmetic, can be complex. Hence, there are some risks and complications. The likelihood of developing temporary or permanent side effects from plastic surgery depends on various factors, such as the surgery type, overall health of the patient, and lifestyle. Moreover, some complications may arise during the surgery, while others may occur during recovery. 

The potential risks and complications include but are not limited to-

  • Blood clots 
  • Excessive bleeding 
  • Reaction to anesthesia
  • Abnormal scarring that may or may not prevent movements 
  • Fluid build-up (seroma and/or hematoma)
  • Infection in the organ or incision site
  • Nerve damage or neuropathy leading to numbness
  • Slow or delayed healing of the incision or wound 

Most of these risks can be mitigated by the surgeon.

Benefits of Plastic Surgery

The benefits of plastic surgery, reconstructive or cosmetic, certainly outweigh the risks associated with it. There is a lot people can gain from these treatments, including-

  • A better quality of life. 
  • Enhanced body image and self-esteem. 
  • Improved the body’s functions. 
  • A more natural appearance. 
  • Relieve from pain and discomfort. 
  • Greater independence to perform activities.

Cost of Common Plastic Surgeries in India

The most common plastic surgeries performed in India and their costs are given below-

  • Gynecomastia Surgery- Rs. 38,000 to Rs. 65,000
  • Liposuction- Rs. 70,000 to Rs. 2,00,000
  • Lipoma Removal- Rs. 25,000 to Rs. 1,00,000
  • Carpal Tunnel Relief- Rs. 40,000  to Rs. 60,000
  • Rhinoplasty- Rs. 70,000 to Rs. 1,50,000
  • Sebaceous Cyst Excision- Rs. 30,000 to Rs. 50,000
  • Breast lump surgery- Rs. 30,000 to Rs. 60,000
  • Breast augmentation surgery- Rs. 1,00,000 to Rs. 1,50,000
  • Breast reduction surgery- Rs. 70,000 to Rs. 1,50,000
  • Breast lift surgery- Rs. 60,000 to 1,25,000
  • Hair Transplant- Rs. 40,000 to Rs. 80,000
  • Tummy Tuck- Rs. 80,000 to Rs. 1,50,000
  • Scar Removal- Rs. 30,000 to Rs. 1,00,000
  • Skin Grafting- Rs. 30,000 to Rs. 1,00,000
  • Axillary Breast Tissue Removal- Rs. 40,000 to Rs. 1,00,000
  • Double Chin Removal- Rs. 50,000 to Rs. 70,000
  • Lip Surgery- Rs. 35,000 to Rs. 75,000
  • Buccal Fat Removal- Rs. 35,000 to Rs. 75,000
  • Otoplasty- Rs. 40,000 to Rs. 2,00,000
  • Blepharoplasty- Rs. 30,000 to Rs. 60,000
  • Ganglion Cyst Removal- Rs. 25,000 to Rs. 50,000

Recovery From Plastic Surgery

The recovery duration after plastic surgery varies for each patient. In the first few days, the patient will need proper bed rest. For the first few weeks, the swelling, bruising, and redness hide the results of the procedure. These side effects take several weeks to disappear.

The overall recovery takes several weeks to months. And throughout this period, the patient has to follow detailed instructions given by the doctor to prevent any post-op complication from arising. The home care instructions will include the following-

  • Get plenty of rest and allow pain to be your guide to resume normal activities. 
  • Change the dressings regularly and keep the incision and wound clean and dry/moist as required. 
  • Take a specific diet as suggested by the surgeon to improve the body’s healing abilities. 
  • Avoid smoking and drinking during the recovery, as they can impair healing.

In some cases, the surgeon may also recommend additional treatments, such as physical therapy, speech and swallow therapy, or occupational therapy, to improve the body’s functions.

FAQ Around Plastic Surgery

What is the best age to undergo plastic surgery?

There is no right or wrong age to undergo plastic surgery. People of all age groups can choose to undergo cosmetic and reconstructive surgeries as required. For instance, blepharoplasty can be performed on children, adults, and older people with minimal risks.

Does plastic surgery cause scarring?

Yes, scarring is a common side effect of plastic surgery. The incisions are mostly made in natural skin creases so they can be hidden easily. However, it may not be possible in all cases. The good thing is that most scars heal over time and become almost unnoticeable.

Does plastic surgery hurt?

Patients don’t feel any kind of discomfort during plastic surgeries as the treated area is numbed beforehand using general, local, or topical anesthesia. Once the effects of anesthesia wear off, there may be slight discomfort in the treated area. The doctor may also prescribe pain medications to provide relief.

Is plastic surgery safe?

Yes, plastic surgery is usually safe. All surgeries carry risks, but most of them can be mitigated by the combined efforts of the surgeon and the patient.

Does plastic surgery last a lifetime?

The results of plastic surgery are long-lasting, but even they won’t last for a lifetime. Each procedure comes with a specific shelf life and after that, the patients are likely to need a revision treatment to keep the desired appearance.

Is plastic surgery reversible?

Some types of plastic surgeries are reversible, whereas others are not. For instance, if a patient gets lip fillers or breast implants, they can be removed whenever the patient wants. Thus, reversing the effects of the primary procedures. However, surgeries like breast reduction or rhinoplasty cannot be reversed once the tissues are removed. 

What are the factors that influence the cost of plastic surgeries?

There are various factors that affect the cost of plastic surgeries. The key factors include-

  • The surgeon  and anesthetist’s fee 
  • The type of plastic surgery 
  • Diagnostic tests and evaluations done before and after the surgery 
  • Hospital-related expenses, such as admission, room rent, bed charges, ICU, discharge fees, etc. 
  • The severity of the condition for which the procedure is being performed 
  • Post-surgery care and support 
  • Type and location of the hospital 

How can I book an appointment with Pristyn Care’s plastic surgeons?

To book an appointment with Pristyn Care’s plastic surgeons, choose any of the following ways-

  • Give a call to the number given at the top of the page and talk to the medical care coordinators to schedule a consultation with a plastic surgeon at your convenience. 
  • Fill out the “Book Appointment” form and submit it. The representatives will get back to you to discuss the appointment schedule. 
  • Download the Pristyn Care application on your phone and book your consultation with a doctor of your choice.
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