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Cataract Surgery - Diagnosis, Procedure and Recovery

Cataract surgery is a highly important and beneficial procedure for individuals with cataracts. If left untreated, cataracts can lead to several potential complications like vision impairment and a decline in overall quality of life. Book a consultation today with Pristyn Care to undergo safe and effective cataract surgery in India.

Cataract surgery is a highly important and beneficial procedure for individuals with cataracts. If left untreated, cataracts can lead to several potential complications like ... Read More

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Our Eye Specialists for Cataract Treatment in India
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    Dr. Suram Sushama (hf3vg7lLA4)

    Dr. Suram Sushama

    MBBS, DO - Ophthalmology

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    19 + Years

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    Ophthalmologist/ Eye Surgeon

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    Dr. Vasundhara Singh (fXou6BrhSf)

    Dr. Vasundhara Singh

    MBBS, MS- Ophthalmology

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    18 + Years

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    Ophthalmologist/ Eye Surgeon

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    Dr. Prerana Tripathi (JTV8yKdDuO)

    Dr. Prerana Tripathi

    MBBS, DO, DNB - Ophthalmology

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    13 + Years

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    Ophthalmologist/ Eye Surgeon

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  • What Is Cataract Surgery?

    Cataract surgery is performed to treat cataracts. When a cataract forms, the lens becomes cloudy, leading to blurry or distorted vision. If a cataract makes it hard for you to carry out your everyday activities, your doctor may recommend cataract surgery.

    Cataract surgery is performed by an eye doctor (ophthalmologist) on an outpatient basis, which means you don’t have to stay in the hospital after the surgery. Cataract eye surgery is very common and is typically a safe procedure.

    During cataract surgery, the cloudy lens is extracted and replaced with an artificial intraocular lens (IOL). Some of the lenses used in cataract surgery include monofocal IOL, multifocal IOL, toric IOL, monovision IOL, etc. The surgery usually takes less than an hour to complete and has a high success rate.

    Disease name


    Surgery name

    Cataract Surgery


    30 to 45 minutes

    Treated by


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    Different types of Cataract Lens (Intraocular Lens)

    Type of Cataract LensCorrectionLimitationPopular Cataract Lens BrandCost (In Rs.)
    Monofocal LensUsually Distant VisionRequires glasses to see near objectsJ&J, Medinnium, Abbot/Alcon, Aurolab, Bausch & Lomb, etc.Rs. 18,000 to Rs. 50,000 approx.
    Multifocal LensDistant & ImmediateGlasses Required for reading onlyAbbot, Zeiss, Alcon, Care Group, etc.Rs. 30,000 to Rs. 90,000 approx.
    Trifocal LensDistant, Far, & ImmediateNoneAlcon, Zeiss, Care Group, Bausch & Lomb, etc.Rs. 30,000 to Rs. 70,000 approx.
    Toric LensCorrection of Cylindrical PowerNoneAlcon, Abbot, J&J, Aurolab, Zeiss, Bausch & Lomb, etc.Rs. 30,000 to Rs. 70,000 approx.

    What Are The Types Of Cataract Surgery?

    There are different types of cataract surgery techniques, each with its own mechanism of removing the cloudy lens and placing the intraocular lens. The main types of cataract surgery include the following:

    • Phacoemulsification (phaco cataract surgery): Phacoemulsification is a cataract surgery method in which the internal lens of the eye, which has formed a cataract, is emulsified using an ultrasonic handpiece and aspirated from the eye. After removing the cataract, an artificial IOL is inserted and positioned in the lens capsule, where the natural lens was located. This procedure minimizes the incision size and reduces the recovery time and risk of surgery-induced astigmatism. Phacoemulsification is best suited to soft cataracts, where the ultrasonic energy needed is moderate, and insertion of foldable intraocular prosthetic lenses is possible.
    • Extracapsular Cataract Extraction (ECCE): ECCE is an older technique that is less commonly used today but may still be used in some instances. It involves making a larger incision in the cornea or sclera (the white part of the eye) to remove the cloudy lens in one piece rather than breaking it up like in phacoemulsification. The IOL is then implanted through the incision and placed in the lens capsule. ECCE is commonly used when phacoemulsification may not be suitable, such as in cases of very advanced cataracts or when additional procedures, like planting a special lens type, are required. Larger incision used in ECCE often needs stitches to close the wound.
    • Laser-Assisted Cataract Eye Surgery (LACS): Laser-assisted cataract surgery involves using a laser to perform the surgery. The laser is used to make precise incisions in the cornea, to open the lens capsule, and to fragment the cataract. This method can offer increased precision and reduce the need for specific instruments during surgery. 
    • Femtosecond Laser-Assisted Cataract Surgery (FLACS): Femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery is a specific type of laser cataract surgery. It utilizes a femtosecond laser to create corneal incisions, open the lens capsule, and break the cataract. This technique aims to improve precision and replaces many steps during cataract surgery requiring a blade. 
    • Microincision Cataract Surgery (MICS): MICS is a type of cataract-removal surgery that uses a tiny incision, usually less than 1.8 mm. This procedure is minimally invasive and can be completed in 10 minutes or less. It is often used to treat patients with very small or dense cataracts. Many people who require cataract surgery can avoid traditional, open-incision surgery with MICS. This is because the small incision used for this procedure means there is less trauma and scarring, which can lead to a shorter recovery time than traditional cataract removal.
    • Small Incision Cataract Surgery (SICS): SICS cataract surgery is a modern surgical technique used to remove a cataract. It is an advanced version of the traditional extracapsular cataract extraction (ECCE) procedure, and it is considered a safe and effective method for cataract removal.

    The choice of cataract surgery technique depends on various factors, including the severity and characteristics of the cataract, the surgeon’s expertise, the patient’s eye health, etc. Your doctor will evaluate your specific case and recommend the most suitable technique for you.

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    How Is Cataract Diagnosed?

    To determine whether you have a cataract, your eye specialist will check your medical history and symptoms and conduct an eye examination. Your doctor may conduct several tests, including:

    Why Choose Pristyn Care?

    BenefitOthersPristyn Care
    Blood LossMaximumMinimal
    Scars & StitchesYesMinimal
    Follow Up ConsultationNoYes
    Hospital DurationLongShort
    No Cost EMINoYes

    What Is The Procedure Of Cataract Surgery?

    Cataract surgery procedure generally involves the following steps:

    • Anesthesia: Cataract surgery is usually performed under local anesthesia, which involves numbing the eye with eye drops or an injection near the eye. Therefore, your doctor will numb your eyes so you won’t feel anything during the surgery. This will make sure that you are comfortable and pain-free during the procedure. In some possibilities, general anesthesia may also be used.
    • Incision: An incision is made in the cornea. This incision can be made manually using a surgical blade in case of extracapsular cataract extraction (ECCE) or created with the assistance of a femtosecond laser in laser-assisted cataract surgery.
    • Capsulotomy: After creating an incision, a circular opening is made in the front portion of the lens capsule. This allows access to the cataract-affected lens.
    • Phacoemulsification or Lens Fragmentation: In phacoemulsification, an ultrasonic device breaks up the cataract-affected lens into small fragments using high-frequency sound waves. The fragments are then suctioned out through the same device. However, in manual or laser-assisted techniques, the lens may be manually removed or fragmented using a laser.
    • IOL Implantation: Once the cataract is extracted, an IOL is implanted through the incision and positioned within the lens capsule. The IOL is designed in such a way that it can replace the natural lens and restore clear vision. 
    • Wound Closure: In most cases, the incision is self-sealing and does not need stitches. It will heal naturally over time. However, in the case of the ECCE technique, your surgeon may use sutures to close the incision.

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    Who Is The Right Candidate For Cataract Surgery?

    The decision of cataract surgery is typically made by an ophthalmologist based on the person’s symptoms, visual impairment, and the impact of cataracts on their daily activities and quality of life. While each case is unique, certain criteria help decide if someone is a suitable candidate for cataract surgery. These criteria include:

    What Are The Benefits Of Cataract Surgery?

    Cataract surgery is a highly effective procedure that offers numerous benefits to people with cataracts. Some of the key benefits of cataract surgery include:

    How To Prepare For Cataract Surgery?

    Here are some ways to prepare for cataract surgery:

    What Are The Recovery Tips To Follow After Cataract Surgery?

    In most cases, full recovery from cataract surgery takes 3 to 4 weeks. But people often notice an improvement in their vision within a few days. However, they can experience little pain or discomfort during the recovery period. It is essential to follow certain postoperative tips to minimize pain and discomfort, promote healing, minimize complications, and optimize your visual outcome. Here are some essential cataract surgery aftercare tips to follow:

    It is essential to take these precautions after cataract surgery to ensure a successful and complication-free recovery. If you have any questions or concerns during your recovery, don’t hesitate to contact your eye care professional for guidance and support. Following these precautions will help promote a smooth and successful recovery after cataract surgery.

    What Is The Cost Of Cataract Surgery In India?

    Cataract surgery cost in India may range from Rs. 25,000 to Rs. 1,40,000. However, various factors can impact the cost of cataract surgery. Some factors that affect the cost of surgery in India include the following:

    Case Study

    Deepak Mehta, a man in his late 60s was diagnosed with a cataract in both his eyes. He was facing issues seeing things at a long distance and mild discomfort in his left eye. Mr. Mehta contacted Pristyn Care, Bangalore for his cataract surgery. Our experienced ophthalmologist performed the surgery without any complications. Our doctors and staff took excellent care of Mr. Mehta before as well as after the surgery. He is recovering well without any complications. 

    Frequently Asked Questions about Cataract Surgery

    What is the duration of cataract surgery?

    The operating time of different techniques for cataract surgery include the following – 

    • MICS: 5 to 10 minutes
    • FLACS: 5 to 10 minutes


    What are the different IOLs used after cataract surgery?

    The eye surgeon uses different intraocular lenses (IOLs) based on the lifestyle of the patient. Some of the IOLs used after cataract surgery include the following – 


    How much does cataract surgery cost in India?

    • The minimum cost of cataract surgery in India is approximately Rs. 20,000 (per eye)
    • The average cost of cataract surgery in India is approximately Rs. 85,000 (per eye)
    • The maximum cost of cataract surgery in India is approximately Rs. 1.5 Lakhs (per eye) 

    Is cataract surgery painful?

    Cataract surgery is not a painful procedure since the surgeon uses eye drops to numb the eye before the procedure. The patient does not feel any pain throughout the procedure; however, there may be mild discomfort after the effect of the numbing medication wears off.

    What is the cost of different IOLs after cataract surgery in India?

    The approximate cost of different IOLs in India is – 

    • Indian monofocal lens – Rs. 20000 to Rs. 25000
    • Foreign monofocal lens -Rs. 28000 to Rs. 35000
    • Indian multifocal lens – Rs. 45000 to Rs. 55000
    • Foreign multifocal lens – Rs. 70000 to Rs. 80000
    • Trifocal lens – Rs. 85000 to Rs. 95000

    Are there any complications of untreated cataracts?

    Cataracts affect your vision, impacting your daily lifestyle. Prolonging cataract treatment can impact vision putting you at a higher risk of accidental injuries, glaucoma, and even permanent blindness. Discuss your condition with the eye specialists to avoid risks of vision disorders and even blindness. 


    Can I treat cataracts without surgery?

    No, cataracts cannot be treated without surgery. Several medications may be effective for mild symptoms but do not remove the cataract completely. Surgical procedures are the only effective methods of treating cataracts.


    Which lens is better for cataract surgery Indian or imported?

    The best type of lens is the one that falls abreast with your daily lifestyle. Both Indian and imported IOLs are excellent depending on which refractive error you are correcting. Patients mostly prefer imported IOLs due to quality issues. However, the quality of standard Indian-made IOLs has improved tremendously in the last couple of years. Discuss with your eye doctor which lens suits you the best. 


    Is there insurance coverage for cataract surgery in India?

    Yes, insurance companies cover the cost of cataract surgery in India since they are done for medical reasons. However, the insurance coverage usually depends on the policy and the terms and conditions set by the provider. 


    Is there an age limit for cataract surgery?

    There is no age limit for cataract surgery. Most people are eligible candidates for cataract surgery as long as they have good overall health.

    Can cataracts be treated without surgery?

    Cataracts cannot be treated without surgery. Once a cataract develops and affects your vision, the only effective treatment option is surgical removal of the cloudy lens and replacement with an artificial intraocular lens. While there are no medications or non-surgical procedures that can treat cataracts, ophthalmologists note that certain lifestyle practices can help manage cataract symptoms or slow down their progression. Lifestyle changes include wearing prescription glasses or contact lenses that can help improve vision, scheduling regular eye examinations with an eye care professional so that they can monitor the progression of cataracts, and provide guidance on when surgery may be necessary.

    Does health insurance cover the cost of cataract surgery in India?

    Most health insurance policies cover the cost of cataract surgery in India. However, the coverage and extent of coverage can vary depending on your specific insurance policy.

    How long does it take to recover from cataract surgery?

    The recovery time after cataract surgery can vary from person to person, but most individuals experience significant improvement in vision within a few days following the procedure. In most cases, full recovery from cataract surgery takes 3 to 4 weeks.

    Which lens is better for cataract surgery, Indian or imported?

    The choice between Indian and imported intraocular lenses (IOLs) for cataract surgery depends on various factors, and both options can provide good outcomes. Some considerations to keep in mind when deciding on the type of IOL for cataract surgery include quality and technology, cost, availability of intraocular lenses, etc. Discuss with your eye doctor which lens suits you the best. 

    What is the cost of Microincision Cataract Surgery (MICS)?

    MICS surgery cost can range from Rs. 30,000 to Rs. 60,000. However, the cost of surgery can be influenced by several factors, and the overall expense may vary based on individual circumstances and the location where the surgery is performed. Some of the key factors affecting the cost of MICS include the type of intraocular lens, surgeon experience, postoperative care, etc.

    What is the success rate of cataract surgery?

    Cataract surgery is considered one of the most successful and commonly performed surgeries worldwide. The success rate of cataract surgery is approximately 98%.

    What are some of the dos and don'ts to follow after cataract surgery?

    Here are some general guidelines to consider after cataract surgery:


    • Use prescribed eye drops
    • Protect your eyes
    • Rest and take it easy
    • Maintain good hygiene


    • Don’t rub your eyes
    • Don’t drive immediately after surgery
    • Don’t swim or expose your eyes to water
    • Don’t neglect symptoms or concerns

    Can a cataract come back after surgery?

    No, a cataract does not come back after surgery. The cloudy natural lens is permanently removed, and an artificial IOL is implanted. However, in some possibilities, a condition called posterior capsule opacification (PCO) can occur, causing similar visual symptoms.

    Can I undergo cataract surgery if I have other eye disorders?

    In many cases, cataract surgery can be performed even if you have other eye diseases, such as glaucoma or diabetic retinopathy. Your ophthalmologist will assess your eye health and select the best approach to address the cataract and any co-existing conditions.

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      She was really a polite & my experience is good with her.

      City : MUMBAI
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      Gauri Pradeep Shintre


      Very happy about treatment, recommending to all. She is great human being and very professional.

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      Gautam Jaiswal


      I had a great experience with the Pristyn Care team in Ghaziabad for my cataract surgery. The procedure was quick and painless, and the staff was very friendly.

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      Sangeeta Tripathi


      The hospital that was provided to me by the Pristyn Care team in Mumbai was very clean. Dr. Payal Pandit is a professional with almost a decade of experience and her staff was very polite as well. Very happy with the overall experience.

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      Seema Devi


      My experience with Pristyn Care team in Bangalore was very good and satisfactory. The care-coordinators provided to me for the surgery were very helpful at every step of my surgical journey. Thank you so much for saving my father’s eye sight.

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      Narender Rao


      This was my first surgical experience and im glad it was through Pristyn Care. Very happy with the results. My experience with Pristyn Care team in Gurgaon was just brilliant. Very grateful to Dr. Anita Bisht and staff.

      City : GURGAON

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