Proctology is a field in medicine dealing with disorders of the rectum, anus, and colon.
Anal fistula is a small channel that develops between the end of the bowel and the skin near the anus.It causes bleeding or discharge while passing stool.
Piles/Hemorrhoids/Bavasir are the swollen or inflamed veins in the lower anal or rectal part that causes pain, itching, and bleeding while passing stool.
Anal fissure is a small cut or tear in the thin, moist tissue (mucosa) that lines the anal region leading to itching and bleeding during bowel movements.
The Pilonidal Sinus is the form of cyst around the anal region which is filled with the pus, hairs, dirt, and debris leading to severe pain.
In Fecal Incontinence, individual experiences unintentional leak of gas and stool from the rectum leading to an embarrassing situation.
Having three or fewer bowel movements in a week is considered Chronic Constipation. Excessive staining during bowel movements may cause more rectum problems.