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Phaco Surgery - Phacoemulsification with IOL in 30 Minutes

Are you struggling with cataracts that cloud your vision? Undergo phaco surgery for effective cataract treatment. Book your appointment today. Get in touch with the best-experienced ophthalmologists at Pristyn Care.

Are you struggling with cataracts that cloud your vision? Undergo phaco surgery for ... Read More

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    Dr. Suram Sushama (hf3vg7lLA4)

    Dr. Suram Sushama

    MBBS, DO - Ophthalmology
    19 Yrs.Exp.


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    Dr. Prerana Tripathi (JTV8yKdDuO)

    Dr. Prerana Tripathi

    MBBS, DO, DNB - Ophthalmology
    13 Yrs.Exp.


    13 + Years


    Ophthalmologist/ Eye Surgeon

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    Dr. Akanksha Thakkar (ZAwBB1rUNG)

    Dr. Akanksha Thakkar

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    Dr. Nilesh Bhausaheb Chakne (lgtHofPDAD)

    Dr. Nilesh Bhausaheb Cha...

    MBBS, MS-Ophthalmology
    10 Yrs.Exp.


    10 + Years


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  • What Is Phaco Surgery?

    Phaco surgery, also known as phacoemulsification, is a surgery used to restore vision in people with cataracts or clouding of the eye’s lens. During this cataract surgery, ultrasonic waves are used to break the lens into small pieces, which are then suctioned out of the eye with the help of a vacuum. The procedure is completed by replacing the damaged lens with an artificial intraocular lens (IOL). The IOL helps to restore clear vision and concentrate light onto the retina at the back of the eye. Phaco eye surgery is a relatively quick procedure performed under local anesthesia, and it is generally an outpatient procedure, which means patients can go home on the same day of surgery. The small incision used in phaco eye surgery usually does not need stitches and heals fast.

    Phaco surgery is favored over traditional cataract surgery because it involves a smaller incision, quicker recovery, and less discomfort. Patients often experience enhanced vision shortly after the procedure.

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    What Are The Diagnostic Tests Performed Before Phaco Surgery?

    Before undergoing phacoemulsification surgery, several diagnostic tests and evaluations are performed to assess your eye health, determine the extent of the cataract, and ensure that you are a suitable candidate for the surgery. The specific tests may vary depending on the practices of the ophthalmologist or eye clinic, but here are some common diagnostic tests that are often performed before phaco surgery:

    • Comprehensive Examination of Eye: A thorough evaluation of your eye health is conducted, including an assessment of your visual acuity, refraction to determine your eyeglass prescription, and a slit-lamp examination to examine the structures of your eye, such as the cornea, iris, lens, and retina.
    • Measurement of Intraocular Pressure (IOP): High intraocular pressure can indicate the presence of glaucoma or other eye conditions that may affect the outcome of phacoemulsification surgery. Your eye pressure may be measured using a tonometer or tonometry.
    • Dilated Eye Examination: Eye drops are administered to dilate your pupils, allowing the ophthalmologist to examine the lens, retina, and other structures at the back of your eye more thoroughly. This helps identify any additional eye conditions that may need to be addressed alongside the cataract.
    • Biometry: This test measures the length of your eye and the curvature of the cornea to determine the appropriate power of the intraocular lens (IOL) that will be implanted during cataract surgery. It helps in achieving the correct focus and visual acuity after the surgery.
    • Corneal Topography: This test maps the curvature and shape of the cornea. It provides detailed information about the cornea’s surface, which is essential for accurate IOL calculations and assessing corneal irregularities or astigmatism.
    • Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT): This imaging test uses light waves to create cross-sectional images of the retina and optic nerve. It helps evaluate the health of the retina, detect any abnormalities, and assess the presence of macular degeneration or other retinal conditions.
    • Endothelial Cell Count: The endothelial cells are responsible for maintaining the cornea’s clarity and health. A cell count may be performed to assess the density and function of these cells, which can help determine the risk of corneal complications after cataract surgery.
    • Color vision test: The color vision test is performed before and after phaco surgery for cataract. It is used in analyzing the impact of the patient’s color vision due to cataracts.

    These diagnostic tests and evaluations help the ophthalmologist determine the best course of treatment, select the appropriate IOL, and assess any potential risks or complications associated with the phaco surgery.

    Are you going through any of these symptoms?

    What Is The Procedure Of Phaco Surgery?

    Phaco surgery is used to remove cataracts from the eyes and improve vision. Here are the steps mentioned below that are done during the phacoemulsification surgical procedure:

    • Before the surgery begins, local anesthesia is administered to numb the eye so that the patient does not feel any kind of pain or discomfort during the complete surgical procedure.
    • A small incision, generally around 2.2 to 3.2 millimeters in size, is made on the side of the cornea. This incision may be self-sealing or require sutures, depending on the surgeon’s preference.
    • Using a small needle or forceps, the surgeon creates a circular opening in the front part of the lens capsule, which is a thin, transparent membrane that surrounds the natural lens.
    • An ultrasound probe is inserted through the incision into the anterior chamber of the eye. The probe emits ultrasonic vibrations that emulsify or break up the cataract into tiny fragments. The fragments are then gently suctioned out of the eye through the same probe.
    • After removing the cataract, the surgeon flushes the eye with a sterile solution to remove any remaining lens material or debris. This is done using a small tube connected to a syringe. The surgeon uses gentle suction to aspirate the fluid and ensure a clean surgical site.
    • An artificial intraocular lens (IOL) is inserted into the empty lens capsule. The IOL is folded or rolled and inserted through the same small incision. Once inside the eye, the IOL unfolds and is positioned securely within the lens capsule. The type of IOL used can vary, depending on factors such as the patient’s visual needs and any pre-existing conditions.
    • After implanting the IOL, the surgeon ensures its correct positioning and stability. The incision may be closed using sutures or left to heal on its own.

    The entire phaco surgery procedure usually takes around 15 to 30 minutes per eye. It is performed on an outpatient basis, meaning patients can go home on the same day. Following the surgery, patients are usually prescribed eye drops to aid healing and prevent infection. The specific details of the procedure may vary depending on the surgeon’s technique and the patient’s individual circumstances.

    How To Prepare For Phaco Surgery?

    Preparation for phaco surgery involves both practical and logistical steps to ensure a smooth and successful procedure. Here are some general guidelines to help you prepare for the procedure:

    • Consultation and Evaluation with the surgeon: Schedule an appointment with your ophthalmologist or cataract surgeon for a comprehensive eye examination. They will evaluate your eye health, assess the extent of the cataract, and determine if you are a suitable candidate for phaco surgery. Discuss any pre-existing medical conditions, medications you are taking, and allergies you may have.
    • Medications: Inform your ophthalmologist about all the medications you are currently taking, including prescription drugs, over-the-counter medications, and supplements. They will advise you on whether you need to temporarily stop or adjust the dosage of certain medications before the surgery.
    • Eye Drops: Your surgeon may prescribe specific eye drops to be used before and after the surgery. Follow the instructions for their usage, including the frequency and duration.
    • Preoperative Instructions: Your surgeon will provide you with specific preoperative instructions. These may include guidelines on using any kind of product related to eyes. Follow these instructions carefully to ensure a safe procedure.
    • Arrangement of Transportation: Arrange for someone to accompany you to the surgical facility and drive you home afterward. You may not be able to drive immediately after the surgery due to temporary changes in vision or the effects of anesthesia.
    • Clothing and Personal Items: Wear comfortable clothing on the day of the surgery. Avoid wearing makeup, lotions, or perfumes on your face or around the eyes. Leave all valuables at home and bring only essential items, such as insurance cards and identification.
    • Discussion with the Surgeon: If you have any concerns or questions leading up to the surgery, don’t hesitate to contact your surgeon’s office for clarification or additional information. It’s essential to have a clear understanding of what to expect.

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    What Are The Post-Operative Tips To Follow After Phaco Surgery?

    Here are some tips to follow after phaco surgery:

    • During your recovery period, your eyes will be very sensitive. Hence, it is essential not to rub or touch your eyes. 
    • Wear your eye shield at night during the recovery time. It ensures you do not touch or rub your eyes in sleep. 
    • Do not splash water directly into the eyes until your eye has healed from surgery. Exposure to water can lead to eye irritation or, worse, it can put eyes at risk of infection. Also, avoid getting shampoo or soap in your eyes when taking a bath. Ask your eye doctor when it is safe to begin swimming or taking a head bath.  
    • Avoid strenuous activities such as heavy lifting for a few weeks after surgery. Strenuous activities can increase the eye pressure, which can impact the incision before it fully heals.
    • If your eyes are sticky, clean your eyelids with cotton dipped in cool boiled water. However, before cleaning your eyes, wash your hands with soap and water and dry them with a clean towel. Gently wipe off the discharge, and do not rub your eyes while cleaning. 
    • Your eye doctor will prescribe you anti-inflammatory eye drops and antibiotics for your recovery period. Use the eye drops and take the medications as recommended by your doctor.
    • Lower the time spent on watching TV or digital screens. Do not put extra strain on your eyes during the recovery period.
    • Avoid cosmetics to the eye, such as eyeliners, mascara etc., for at least 4 weeks after surgery. 
    • Do not resume driving without consulting your eye doctor. 
    • To prevent infections, avoid meeting too many people.
    • You will be allowed to join your duties by 4 to 5 weeks after surgery. However, it is important to check with your doctor regarding the exact date of joining duty.

    What Are The Benefits Of Phaco Surgery?

    Phaco surgery generally offers various benefits that contribute to improved outcomes and enhanced quality of life for individuals with this condition.

    Here are some of the benefits of phaco surgery:

    • Improvement in Vision: The primary goal of phaco surgery is to remove the clouded natural lens affected by a cataract and replace it with an artificial intraocular lens (IOL). This replacement IOL can significantly improve vision, allowing individuals to see more clearly and perform daily activities with greater ease.
    • Minimally Invasive: Phaco surgery is a minimally invasive procedure that involves a small incision and the use of ultrasound energy to break up and remove the cataract. The small incision promotes faster healing, reduces the risk of infection, and minimizes discomfort and recovery time compared to traditional cataract surgery techniques.
    • Quicker Recovery: Due to the small incision size and advanced surgical techniques, most people experience a relatively quick recovery after phaco surgery. Many patients notice improved vision within a few days, and they can typically resume normal activities, including driving, within a week or two after the procedure.
    • Minimal Discomfort: The advanced techniques used in phaco surgery, such as the use of ultrasound energy to break up the cataract, result in minimal trauma to the eye. As a result, many people report minimal discomfort during and after the surgery.
    • Reduced Dependence on Glasses: After phaco surgery, many individuals experience a significant reduction in their dependence on glasses for distance vision. The choice of IOL can be tailored to an individual’s specific visual needs, allowing for improved near, intermediate, or distance vision. Multifocal or accommodating IOLs can provide enhanced vision at multiple distances, reducing the need for glasses.
    • Long-Term Results: Phaco surgery offers long-lasting results. Once the cataract is removed and an IOL is implanted, it does not develop again. The artificial IOL remains in place, providing a clear vision for years to come.

    What Are The Risks And Complications Associated With Phaco Surgery?

    Phaco surgery is a modern technique and a completely safe and effective procedure, like any other surgery, it carries certain risks and potential complications.

    Here are some of the risks and complications associated with phaco surgery:

    • Infection: There is a risk of developing an infection after phaco surgery, although it is relatively rare. Precautions are taken to minimize this risk, such as using sterile instruments and antibiotics.
    • Bleeding: During surgery, there is a small risk of bleeding, which can occur if blood vessels are damaged. Surgeons take precautions to control bleeding, but occasionally, it may require additional steps to address.
    • Swelling and inflammation: Some degree of swelling and inflammation is normal after phaco surgery. However, excessive swelling or inflammation can lead to complications such as increased eye pressure or delayed healing.
    • Corneal problems: The cornea, the clear front surface of the eye, can be affected by phaco surgery. It is possible to develop corneal edema (swelling) or damage to the corneal surface, which can cause temporary or, in rare cases, permanent vision problems.
    • Retinal detachment: Although rare, retinal detachment is a serious complication that can occur after phaco surgery. It happens when the retina, the layer at the back of the eye responsible for vision, detaches from its normal position. Prompt treatment is necessary if this occurs to prevent vision loss.
    • Posterior capsule opacification (PCO): After cataract removal, the posterior capsule, the thin membrane that holds the artificial lens implant in place, can become cloudy over time. This can cause vision problems similar to cataracts. If PCO occurs, a simple laser procedure called YAG capsulotomy can be performed to restore clear vision.

    Dislocated intraocular lens (IOL): In rare cases, the artificial lens implanted during phaco surgery can become dislocated or move out of position. This may require additional surgery to reposition or replace the lens.

    What Are The Lifestyle Changes To Follow After Phaco Surgery?

    After phaco surgery for cataract removal, it is important to follow post-operative instructions and undergo some lifestyle changes suggested by your surgeon to promote healing and minimize the risk of complications. Here are some general post-operative tips and lifestyle changes to follow:

    • Use Prescribed Eye Drops: Your surgeon will prescribe a regimen of eye drops to be used after surgery. These may include antibiotic and anti-inflammatory drops. Follow the instructions carefully regarding the frequency and duration of their use. Use the drops as directed to prevent infection and reduce inflammation.
    • Protect Your Eye: After surgery, your surgeon may provide a protective shield or patch to wear over the operated eye, especially while sleeping. This helps prevent accidental rubbing or contact with the eye and promotes healing.
    • Avoid Rubbing or Touching the Eye: It is important to avoid rubbing or touching your eye, as this can disrupt the healing process and increase the risk of infection. If you experience any discomfort or itching, contact your surgeon for guidance.
    • Rest and Limit Activities: Resting your eyes and limiting strenuous activities is recommended during the initial stages of recovery. Avoid activities that may strain your eyes, such as reading for long periods, using electronic devices excessively, or engaging in activities that involve bending or heavy lifting.
    • Wear Sunglasses: Protect your eyes from bright sunlight and harsh indoor lighting by wearing sunglasses that provide UV protection. This helps reduce sensitivity to light and may enhance comfort during the recovery period.
    • Avoid Swimming and Hot Tubs: To minimize the risk of infection, avoid swimming or immersing your head in water, including hot tubs, for a few weeks following surgery. Showers are generally permitted but try to avoid getting water directly into your eyes.
    • Follow Post-Operative Check-up Schedule: Attend all scheduled follow-up appointments with your surgeon. These appointments allow your surgeon to keep track of the healing progress, assess your vision, and make any necessary adjustments to your post-operative care.
    • Report Any Concerns: If you experience unusual symptoms such as severe pain, sudden changes in vision, increasing redness, discharge, or persistent discomfort, immediately contact your surgeon’s office for evaluation.
    • Medication and Supplement Use: Inform your surgeon about all medications and supplements you are taking, and follow their instructions regarding the resumption of specific medications after surgery. Some medications or supplements may need to be temporarily adjusted or avoided during the recovery period.

    What Are The Signs Of Healing After Phaco Surgery?

    Here are several signs that may indicate your eye is healing correctly after phaco surgery:

    • Improved vision: In the beginning, your vision may be blurry or hazy, but it should slowly improve in the days and weeks following surgery.
    • Reduced redness: The redness in your eye should subside over time.
    • Decreased sensitivity to light: Light sensitivity should diminish as your eye recovers. You may find that you are more comfortable in well-lit environments.
    • Less discomfort: Discomfort or mild pain in the eye should be reduced. However, it’s common to experience irritation or scratchiness instantly after phaco cataract surgery.
    • Steady eye pressure: Your eye pressure, which may have been temporarily elevated, should stabilize within the normal range.
    • Improved color perception: Colors may appear more vivid as your eye heals after surgery.
    • Improved depth perception: Your ability to perceive depth and judge distances should slowly get better as your eye recovers.
    • Gradual reduction in eye dryness: Initially, you may experience dryness in the operated eye, but this usually improves with time and the use of prescribed eye drops.

    Remember that the timeline for recovery can vary from individual to individual, and it may take several weeks for your eye to fully stabilize. It is important to be patient, follow your doctor’s instructions regarding medication and eye care, and communicate any concerns during your post-operative visits. 

    What Is The Phaco Surgery Cost In India?

    The average cost of phaco surgery in India is Rs. 74250 . The actual cost varies for each patient depending on certain factors, such as the severity of the medical condition and the treatment methods used.

    The phaco surgery cost in India differs considerably for each patient due to the following factors:

    • City Where You’re Getting Treatment: The cost of living in each city across India is very different. Typically, medical care is costlier in metropolitan cities. For instance, the cost of living in Delhi is higher than in Jaipur, and hence medical care, too.
    • Choice of Hospital & Hospitalization Expense: The cost of medical care in private medical facilities is higher than in government-run facilities. Moreover, the amenities at the private facilities are also better. Thus, they charge more for medical care. Besides the hospital administration cost, the patient also has to bear admission fees, discharge fees, room rent, ICU, OT, nursing fees, medical consumables, etc.
    • Surgeon’s & Anesthetist’s Fee: Another major factor that influences the cost of surgery is the surgeon’s operating fee. A highly experienced surgeon is likely to charge more as he/she will have better knowledge and superior skills to perform the surgery, mitigate the risks, and improve the success rate.
    • Diagnostic tests: The cost of preoperative diagnostic tests, such as visual acuity test, refraction test, ocular motility test, and cover test, can vary depending on the facility and equipment used. Different hospitals or diagnostic centers may have different pricing structures for these tests.
    • Additional services: The inclusion of additional services such as postoperative consultations, medications, and follow-up appointments can also contribute to the overall cost of treatment. These services may vary between different hospitals or surgeons.

    Frequently Asked Questions Around Phaco Surgery

    Does health insurance cover phaco cataract surgery costs?

    phacoemulsification surgery is generally covered by insurance as it is a medical necessity. The health insurance coverage differs depending on your specific insurance plan. It is crucial to contact your insurance provider directly to inquire about the specific details of coverage, including any pre-authorization requirements, copayments, deductibles, and network considerations.

    What are the different types of IOLs used for cataract treatment?

    IOLs or intraocular lenses are artificial lenses that are used to replace the natural eye lens to provide clear vision. The different types of lenses used are- 

    • Monofocal lens (provide clear vision at one distance, either near or far)
    • Multifocal lens (provide clear vision at two distances, near and far)
    • Trifocal lens (provide clear vision at all distances, near, far, and intermediate)
    • Toric lens (address cylindrical power)


    Can I watch TV after phaco surgery?

    Yes, you can watch TV after the phaco surgery (feco surgery). However, it is advised to ensure the room where you watch TV has proper light but avoid glare or excessive brightness. Also, you should sit at a proper distance from the TV screen to avoid excessively straining your eyes.

    Can I cook after having phaco eye surgery?

    After phaco eye surgery, you can resume your regular activities, including cooking, once you feel comfortable. But, the recovery timeline is different for every individual. If you experience discomfort or a slight pain while cooking or engaging in any other activity, it is best to give some rest to your eyes.

    Is phaco cataract surgery safe?

    Phaco surgery is a completely safe and effective procedure for restoring the vision impaired due to cataracts. Whereas, like any other surgical procedure, it also consists of some possible risks and complications. It is important to follow your surgeon’s pre-and post-operative instructions to minimize those risks and enhance the recovery process.

    What are the different types of IOLs used in phaco surgery?

    There are several types of IOLs used in phaco surgery, each with its own benefits. Some types of IOLs used in surgery include monofocal IOLs, multifocal IOLs, toric IOLs, accommodating IOLs, etc.The choice of IOL depends on various factors, including the patient’s visual requirements, any pre-existing eye disorders, and the surgeon’s recommendation. During a preoperative examination, the eye surgeon will discuss the options and help patients select the most suitable IOL based on their requirements and preferences.

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    Dr. Suram Sushama
    19 Years Experience Overall
    Last Updated : April 26, 2024

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    Based on 12 Recommendations | Rated 5 Out of 5
    • MK

      Megha Kharwar


      Pristyn Care's phacoemulsification treatment for cataract was truly a gift for my eyes. The foggy vision had been hindering my daily activities, but their compassionate team put me at ease. The surgery was surprisingly quick and painless, and the surgeon's expertise was commendable. The post-operative care was exceptional, and the recovery was smoother than I expected. Thanks to Pristyn Care, I can now see the world with clarity and joy. I highly recommend them for their outstanding cataract treatment!

      City : MADURAI
    • AG

      Anisha Gujjar


      I am grateful to Pristyn Care for their outstanding phacoemulsification treatment for cataract. The blurry vision had been affecting my work and hobbies, but their skilled team assured me of a solution. The surgery was swift and painless, and the surgeon's expertise was evident throughout. The post-operative care was top-notch, and they were always available to address my concerns. Thanks to Pristyn Care, my vision has improved significantly, and I can now see the world with clarity. I highly recommend Pristyn Care for their personalized and excellent cataract treatment!

      City : NASHIK
    • SD

      Samarth Deshmukh


      Pristyn Care's phaco surgery for cataract was a success. The ophthalmologist was skilled, and the procedure was painless. Pristyn Care's post-operative care was excellent, and my vision has significantly improved. Thank you, Pristyn Care!

      City : BHUBANESWAR
    • AS

      Anurag Sarkar


      My experience with Pristyn Care for phaco-surgery was exceptional. I had cataracts in both eyes, and the surgeon performed the procedure with precision and care. The post-operative follow-up was thorough, and my vision is now crystal clear. Thank you, Pristyn Care!

      City : DELHI
    • ST

      Sonal Tripathi


      Living with cataract had been a challenge, but Pristyn Care made the treatment journey smooth. Their phacoemulsification surgery was efficient, and the surgeon's confidence put me at ease. The entire process was hassle-free, and the post-operative care was impressive. I'm thrilled with the improvement in my vision, all thanks to Pristyn Care. They provided personalized care and made me feel valued as a patient. If you're looking for reliable cataract treatment, Pristyn Care is the answer!

      City : NAGPUR
    • SM

      Siddharth Maurya


      I had four family members undergo phaco-surgery at Pristyn Care, and all of them had fantastic outcomes. The surgeons were skilled, and the facilities were top-notch. The team ensured that each patient received personalized attention. Highly recommend Pristyn Care for eye surgeries.

      City : LUCKNOW