What is Sebaceous Cyst Surgery?

Sebaceous cyst surgery is the procedure of removing the sebaceous cyst entirely. The surgical removal ensures that the cyst components and walls are removed properly. There are different surgical techniques available that allow a surgeon to remove the cyst safely. The most suitable technique is chosen by the doctor after diagnosing the condition.

USFDA-Approved Procedure

USFDA-Approved Procedure

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Support in Insurance Claim

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Best Doctors For Sebaceous Cyst


    Best Clinics For Sebaceous Cyst


      Best Treatment Center for Sebaceous Cyst

      Best Treatment Center for Sebaceous Cyst

      Pristyn Care provides best-in-class treatment for sebaceous cysts. We employ the traditional and modern techniques as required to remove sebaceous cysts successfully. You can get treatment at our clinics or our partnered hospitals. Our treatment centers have state-of-the-art facilities and USFDA-approved diagnostic and surgical tools. 

      We have a highly experienced team of plastic surgeons who are well-trained in all types of cosmetic and reconstructive procedures. You can consult them and discuss the treatment options in detail.

      What happens in sebaceous cyst surgery?

      What happens in sebaceous cyst surgery?


      A trained doctor can identify sebaceous cysts solely on the basis of their appearance. Still, after physically examining the cyst, the doctor will suggest some pathological tests to confirm that the lump is a sebaceous cyst and not any other type of cyst.

      The tests that help the doctor accurately diagnose a sebaceous cyst are:

      • Ultrasound helps to determine the contents (liquid or semi-solid) of the cyst. 
      • A punch biopsy is done to examine the cyst and look for signs of cancer. 
      • CT scan is done if the doctor thinks that surgery will be required to remove the sebaceous cyst.

      This test will help the surgeon to find the best path to access the cyst without damaging the nerves and surrounding muscles. Furthermore, it also helps to identify any abnormalities with the cyst.



      Before the surgery begins, local or general anesthesia will be used to numb the specific body part or entire body. Once the anesthesia takes effect, the surgeon proceeds to remove the cyst.

      • An incision is made around the cyst (or a laser is used to create a hole) depending on the technique that is being used for the removal. 
      • The cyst contents are drained completely. After drainage, the surgeon removes the cyst wall or sac. If the cyst wall or sac is not removed, it will increase the chances of cyst recurrence. Sometimes, the cyst wall becomes fragmented and needs to be scraped out. If necessary, the surgeon may use an electro-cauterization tool to destroy the cyst wall completely. 
      • Then the incision is closed through stitches, glue, or bandage, whichever is suitable and left to heal.

      The entire procedure takes around 30 minutes, and the patient gets discharged on the same day.

      How to prepare for the surgery?

      How to prepare for the surgery?

      To prepare you for sebaceous cyst removal surgery, the doctor will ask you to get tested to evaluate your overall health. Other than this, the doctor may suggest that you:

      • Stop smoking or drinking alcohol 
      • Don’t press or try to pop the cyst 
      • Avoid wearing any kind of makeup 
      • Keep the insurance papers in hand 
      • Avoid eating at least 8 hours before the surgery

      Besides that, there is no specific preparation required before the surgery. The anesthetist will ask about your allergies on priority to determine if some component of the anesthesia may have a negative effect on your body. 

      The doctor will also suggest standard tests, such as liver function, blood test, blood pressure examination, etc., to ensure that you are not stressing over the surgery.

      Risks & Complications

      Risks & Complications

      During the Surgery

      Regardless of the technique used for the treatment of sebaceous cysts, there are the same levels of risks and complications. These potential risks associated with surgery are:

      • Anesthesia reactions such as malignant hyperthermia
      • Bleeding during surgery 
      • Blood clots formation 
      • Injury during the surgery 
      • Numbness or tingling sensation in the region 

      To ensure that such complications don’t arise, the anesthetist first asks the patient for potential allergies. Besides that, the doctor uses modern surgical instruments approved by USFDA to safely carry out the procedure. 

      After the Surgery 

      Post-surgery, some complications that may arise include:

      • Infection 
      • Swelling and bruising 
      • Scarring 
      • Delayed healing 
      • Cyst recurrence 

      Normally, these complications can be avoided successfully if you pay attention to the doctor’s advice and take the prescribed medications.

      What to expect after sebaceous cyst removal?

      What to expect after sebaceous cyst removal?

      Immediately after the surgery, you will be under observation for a few hours, during which your vitals will be monitored. Once the anesthesia wears out, you will be transferred to your room. 

      The doctor will suggest that you take proper rest on the first day. There may be some bruising or swelling around the surgical site, which will disappear within a few days.

      Before you leave the hospital, the doctor will create a recovery guide that consists of a diet plan as well. This will help you to recover quickly and smoothly after the surgery.

      What happens if a sebaceous cyst is left untreated?

      What happens if a sebaceous cyst is left untreated?

      If a sebaceous cyst is left untreated for a long time, it will eventually lead to the following complications:

      • Inflammation- There is a possibility that even when the cyst is not infected, it may become tender or swollen. And an inflamed cyst is harder to remove. 
      • Rupture- It is also possible that the cyst develops a boil-like infection and may rupture or burst. Due to this, the contents of the cyst will leak out and may infect the skin as well. 
      • Infection- If an abscess forms inside the cyst, it can become infected and start causing pain. 
      • Skin Cancer- In rare cases, the cyst may become cancerous and spread to other healthy tissues. 

      In all these scenarios, you will have to seek immediate help from a plastic surgeon to get the cyst removed.

      Recovery & Results after Sebaceous Cyst Surgery

      Recovery & Results after Sebaceous Cyst Surgery

      The results of sebaceous cyst surgery will be clearly visible after the procedure. As the cyst grows outside the skin, after the removal, the skin will be flat again.

      As the minimally invasive technique is used for removal, the recovery will also be quick. It will take around 1 week to heal after the surgery. You should pay attention to the doctor’s advice and follow the tips below to recover quickly:

      • There is no need to take special precautions with diet unless advised by the doctor.
      • Avoid driving on the day of surgery, as you will be given anesthesia on the day, and the after-effects will still linger after you are discharged.
      • Don’t engage in strenuous physical activities until approved by your doctor.
      • Keep the bandage dry and clean the surrounding area. If you are guided to change the bandages yourself, make sure that you follow the instructions carefully and clean the wound.
      • Take the pain medications as directed by the doctor.
      • Talk to the doctor if you wish to take other over-the-counter [OTC] pain medications.
      • Visit the doctor for follow-ups as instructed without any delay.

      FAQ Around Sebaceous Cyst

      When should I see a specialist regarding the sebaceous cyst?

      You should see a skin specialist the moment you notice the lump on the skin. It is important to get the lump diagnosed in the early stage to prevent it from growing further.

      Are there any medications available for sebaceous cyst treatment?

      No, there are no medications available that can treat sebaceous cysts. Medicines are only prescribed by the doctor to address the infection and inflammation in the cyst.

      What type of anesthesia is used during sebaceous cyst removal?

      Generally, sebaceous cyst removal is performed under general anesthesia. But if the patient is allergic to some components of the general anesthesia, local anesthesia may be used to numb the body during the surgery.

      When can I resume work after sebaceous cyst surgery?

      Usually, a person can resume work the next day after sebaceous cyst surgery. The wound will take longer to heal, but it is less likely to interfere with your daily activities.

      Will sebaceous cysts recur after surgical removal?

      The chances of sebaceous cyst returning after surgical removal are almost negligible. The cyst is removed entirely along with the cyst wall. Thus, it is less likely to return. However, surgical treatment cannot prevent the cyst from forming into a different part of the body.

      Alternative to Surgical Removal of Sebaceous Cyst

      Alternative to Surgical Removal of Sebaceous Cyst

      The alternative to surgical removal of the sebaceous cyst is using steroids or doing a needle aspiration. The steroids will address the inflammation in the cyst and provide relief from the symptoms. However, it won’t remove the cyst completely.

      The same problem exists with needle aspiration of the cyst. This technique will drain the components of the cyst, but the cyst wall will still be left behind, which will increase the chances of recurrence. 

      Type of Sebaceous Cyst Surgery


      This technique involves using a sharp knife to create a hole in the cyst. Then it is squeezed, and the contents of the cyst are drained. However, the cyst wall is not removed in the procedure, which is why it is not considered a permanent solution.

      Conventional Wide Excision

      It is the traditional method to remove sebaceous cysts through a wide excision. This technique is highly invasive but also has minimal chances of cyst recurrence.

      Minimal Excision

      As the name suggests, the minimal excision technique involves using tiny incisions in the skin overlying the cyst. This minimizes the scarring and removes the cyst entirely.

      Punch Excision

      With punch excision, the doctor removes the cyst and the normal skin around it altogether using a scalpel that looks like a cookie-cutter.

      Laser-Aided Excision

      In this type of excision, a laser probe is used to make a hole in the cyst. Once the cyst is drained completely, the outer wall of the cyst is also removed after a few weeks.

      Case Study

      Case Study

      On 7th September 2021, a patient named Rohin Ahuja (name changed) booked an appointment with Pristyn Care, complaining that he had a big lump above his lips. He consulted Dr. Ashwani Kumar and found out that he had a sebaceous cyst. After finding out what the lump actually was, Rohin was eager to get it removed. Thus, the doctor suggested some tests, and after looking at the results, he confirmed that it was safe to remove the cyst. The lump wasn’t cancerous and wasn’t even inflamed or infected. Therefore, there was no reason to delay the removal. 

      As the cyst wasn’t very large, the surgery took around 20 minutes. The doctor used a minimal excision technique to ensure that the removal didn’t leave a scar on the face. The surgery was successful, and the patient was sent home the next morning. He came back for a follow-up after a week, and the wound had already healed around then. It has been a month since the surgery, and his scar has also almost disappeared. He is happy and satisfied with his results.

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