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Nasal Polyps Treatment - Diagnosis, Surgery & Recovery

If you are looking for the best healthcare center for safe and effective treatment of nasal polyps, then you must visit Pristyn Care. Pristyn Care works with expert and experienced ENT surgeons to provide reliable treatment for nasal polyps.

If you are looking for the best healthcare center for safe and effective ... Read More

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    Dr. Neha B Lund (KLood9WpKW)

    Dr. Neha B Lund

    MBBS, DNB- DNB- OTO RHINO LARYNGOLOGY
    14 Yrs.Exp.

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    14 + Years

    Hyderabad

    ENT Surgeon/ Otorhinolaryngologist

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    8530-164-291
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    Dr. Saloni Spandan Rajyaguru (4fb10gawZv)

    Dr. Saloni Spandan Rajya...

    MBBS, DLO, DNB
    14 Yrs.Exp.

    4.5/5

    14 + Years

    Mumbai

    ENT/ Otorhinolaryngologist

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    8530-164-291
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    Dr. Manu Bharath (mVLXZCP7uM)

    Dr. Manu Bharath

    MBBS, MS - ENT
    13 Yrs.Exp.

    4.7/5

    13 + Years

    Bangalore

    ENT/ Otorhinolaryngologist

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    8530-164-291
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    Dr. Divya Badanidiyur (XiktdZyczR)

    Dr. Divya Badanidiyur

    MBBS, DNB
    13 Yrs.Exp.

    4.5/5

    13 + Years

    Bangalore

    ENT

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    8530-164-291
  • What are Nasal Polyps?

    Nasal polyps are common, fleshy, noncancerous, teardrop-shaped growths that form in the nose or sinuses. They are usually found around the area where the sinuses open into the nasal cavity. Matured polyps look like peeled grapes. 

    They are often linked to allergies or asthma. Small-size polyps are usually asymptomatic and usually don’t require any treatment. Large-size polyps can cause various symptoms include, stuffy or blocked nose, sneezing, postnasal drip, runny nose, facial pain, etc. Large polyps can block normal drainage from the sinuses. If too much mucus builds up in the sinuses, they can become infected.

    • Disease name

    Nasal Polyps

    • Surgery name

    Endoscopic nasal surgery

    • Duration

    1 - 2 hours

    • Treated by

    ENT Specialist

    Nasal Polyps Surgery Cost Calculator

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    Nasal Polyps Types

    There are two types of nasal polyps which include the Bilateral ethmoidal polyp, which arises from the Ethmoid sinus, and the Antrochoanal Polyp, which begins from the maxillary sinuses. They are unilateral and less common.

    Are you going through any of these symptoms?

    Nasal Polyps Treatments Options

    Nasal polyps treatment option depends on the severity of the condition and the size of the polyps. Before any treatment, the patient has to undergo a thorough diagnosis to determine the treatment accordingly. A healthcare provider usually suggests nasal endoscopy, CT scans, allergy tests, blood tests, tissue cultures, etc, to determine the identify the best treatment option. Nasal polyp treatment generally focuses on reducing the size of polyps or eliminating them completely to provide the patient relief from associated breathing problems like sinusitis, asthma flare-up, etc. Generally, the first approach to treatment is medications. However, the patient may need surgical intervention if medical treatment does not work in shrinking the polyps. 

    Surgical Nasal Polyps Treatment

    Endoscopic surgery is the most preferred surgical treatment for nasal polyps. During endoscopic surgery, the surgeon inserts an endoscope (a small tube with a camera lens or magnifying glass) through the nasal passages and uses endoscopic instruments to remove the polyps and other nasal blockages. This improves airflow through the nasal and paranasal areas. The surgery is performed as an outpatient procedure. Since no major cuts or incisions are performed during the surgery, the recovery process is usually very quick.

    The other surgical procedure for the removal of nasal polyps is polypectomy. The surgery is usually performed if the polyps are very large or the other treatment options fail to treat the condition. 

    The surgery is performed under the influence of local or general anesthesia. A long, thin tube with a video camera is inserted into the patient’s nose and sinuses. Polyps are then cut out using micro-telescopes and surgical instruments. Sometimes, the surgeon may remove small pieces of bone from the nose to open up the nasal passageway.  A doctor usually prescribes a  corticosteroid nasal spray to help prevent recurrence. Sometimes doctor also recommends the use of saline rinse to help post-surgical healing.

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    Preparation Before Nasal Polyps Surgery

    The exact recovery time after nasal polyp treatment depends on the severity of the condition, the size of the polyps, associated health conditions, the type of treatment, etc. With medical management, patients start noticing obvious improvement in their symptoms within 1-2 weeks. However, most patients are advised to take medicines for 4-6 weeks to prevent a recurrence.

    If endoscopic surgery is performed, the patient can start performing light activities and return to desk work within one week; however, exercising and strenuous activities have to be delayed until at least 2-3 weeks after the surgery. Complete recovery usually takes at least 4-6 weeks.

    Recovery After Nasal Polyps Treatment

    The recovery period after nasal polyps treatment usually depends on the severity of the condition, the size of the polyps, the associated health condition, and the type of treatment. With medical management, patients start noticing obvious improvement in their symptoms within 1-2 weeks. However, in most cases, patients are advised to take medicine for 4-6 weeks to avoid recurrence. 

    While in surgery, if endoscopic surgery is performed, the patient can start performing light activities and return to work within one week. However, you must avoid strenuous activities and exercise for 2-3 weeks after the surgery. Complete recovery usually takes at least 4-6 weeks. 

    Risk & Complications Associated with Nasal Polyps Surgery

    Like any surgical procedure, nasal polyps surgery also carries certain risks and complications. Some  common risks and complications of surgery are as follows:

    • Bleeding
    • Spinal fluid (CSF) leakage
    • Visual problems
    • Change in smell or taste perception
    • Facial pain
    • Change in resonance or quality of voice
    • Swelling or bruising around the eyes
    • Recurrence of the condition/failure to resolve symptoms

    Nasal Polyps Surgery Cost

    The average cost of nasal polyps surgery in India is INR 60000. This is the estimated cost of surgery, the final price is dependent on many factors, including

    • The cost of diagnostic tests
    • Choice of the hospital (government or private)
    • Surgeons fee
    • Any pre-existing health condition
    • Cost of diagnostic tests
    • Cost of medication
    • Follow-up consultation
    • Anesthesia eye

    Non-Surgical Treatments of Nasal polyps

    Non-surgical treatments for nasal polyps are as follows:

    • Home remedies: Home remedies are helpful if the symptoms of nasal polyps seem to be related to an allergic reaction. You must avoid the allergen that triggers the reaction. Tea tree oil and other remedies can help in some cases. Symptoms of congestion may be eased by using a steam bath. Vitamin D may help reduce symptoms, but only in a high therapeutic dose.
    • Nasal corticosteroids: Spraying nasal steroids into the nose can help in reducing the runny nose and the sensation of blockage by shrinking the polyp. However, if you stop taking them, symptoms may quickly return. Examples of nasal steroids include fluticasone (Flonase, Veramyst), budesonide (Rhinocort), and mometasone (Nasonex).
    • Oral and injectable corticosteroids: A doctor usually prescribes oral steroids for severe symptoms for a short period of time only. These also help reduce inflammation and shrink nasal growths, but long-term use can lead to side effects.
    • Medications: A healthcare provider usually prescribes medication to help alleviate nasal polyp symptoms, such as montelukast, antibiotics, and antihistamines.

    What Happens If Nasal Polyps Left Untreated?

    How can Nasal Polyps be Prevented?

    Listed below are a few ways to prevent nasal polys:

    • Wash your hands properly to prevent infection through correct handwashing techniques.
    • Use humidifiers to prevent nasal clogging and help moisten your breathing passages.
    • Try to avoid airborne allergens or irritants that may cause irritation of the nose or nasal sinuses. 
    • Use a spray or saline nasal rinse to remove allergens or other irritants that may cause nasal polyps. 
    • Use antihistamines to control allergic reactions.
    • Quit smoking.

    Questions to Ask Your Surgeon Before Nasal Polyps Treatment

    Before nasal polyps treatment, you must ask the following questions to your surgeon to have a better understanding of the treatment procedure and the risks and complications associated with it:

    • Can nasal polyps result in permanent damage?
    • Can nasal polyps become cancerous?
    • What are the home remedies for nasal polyps?
    • Is nasal polyp surgery painful?
    • What are the chances of nasal polyp recurrence after the surgery?
    • What are the potential risks and complications of nasal polyps surgery?
    • What is the common cause of nasal polyps?
    • Are nasal polyps serious?
    • What are the risk factors for nasal polyps?
    • What is the best nasal spray for polyps?
    • What is the success rate of nasal polyps surgery?
    • Are nasal polyps lifelong?
    • What is the recovery period after nasal polyps surgery?
    • What precautions should I need to take to recover quickly after surgery?
    • What are the advantages of nasal polyps surgery?

    Frequently Asked Questions

    Is nasal polyp surgery successful?

    Nasal polyp surgery has a high success rate in providing symptomatic relief to the patient with a high quality of life.

    What are the chances of nasal polyp recurrence after the surgery?

    Recurrence of nasal polyps can be avoided with proper care and treatment. However, most patients (around 80%) have reported recurrence of polyp formation a few years after the surgery.

    Can nasal polyps result in permanent damage?

    Occasionally, if left untreated, nasal polyps can continue to grow and result in permanent damage to soft tissues near it such as the eye, brain, etc. Accumulation of bacteria & viruses due to the soft tissue growth may lead to sinus infection as well.

    Can nasal polyps become cancerous?

    No, nasal polyps are benign growths causing nasal congestions, and while they grow continuously when not removed, they generally never turn malignant.

    Is nasal polyp surgery painful?

    Most patients do not have any pain after the surgery, however they may experience discomfort, congestion, and spotty nose bleeds for a few days, which is generally managed through over-the-counter medications.

    What is the main cause of nasal polyps?

    The main cause of nasal polyps is associated with chronic rhinosinusitis, which is inflammation of nasal passages and sinuses lasting 12 weeks or more.  According to researchers, those affected may have normal immune responses and different chemical markers in their mucus membranes compared to those who do not develop nasal polyps. 

    What are the symptoms of polyps in your nose?

    Some common symptoms of nasal polyps are as follows:

    • Runny, stuffy nose
    • Mucus running down the throat, also known as postnasal drip
    • Not being able to smell
    • Not being able to taste
    • Facial pain or headache
    • Pain in the teeth
    • A sense of pressure over the forehead and face
    • Snoring

    Are nasal polyps harmful?

    Nasal polyps are usually not considered as harmful. However, polyps can interfere with the normal drainage and ventilation of your sinuses.  

    Can nasal polyps affect the brain?

    In some rare cases, nasal polyps can cause infection of the tissues around the brain and spinal cord.

    Who is at risk for nasal polyps?

    Nasal polyps are a multifactorial inflammatory condition of the upper airways. Nasal polyps typically affect middle-aged and elderly patients, the average age at diagnosis is 40 to 60, and men are affected more commonly than women.

    When to see a doctor for nasal polyps?

    You should consult your healthcare provider and seek treatment help if you experience any of the following symptoms:

    • Seeing double or other vision changes
    • Swollen forehead
    • Pain or swelling around the eyes
    • A bad headache that keeps getting worse
    • Stiff neck

    What are the risk factors for nasal polyps?

    Common risk factors for nasal polyps are as follows:

    • Asthma
    • Aspirin sensitivity
    • Cystic fibrosis
    • Dental infections
    • Lack of vitamin D

    Can nasal polyps be cancerous?

    Polyps can be associated with benign tumors and, less commonly, with cancerous tumors. Nasal polyps associated with tumors usually occur on one side of the nose, as opposed to polyps associated with a sinus infection, which usually occur on both sides of the nose. 

    Can nasal polyps go away naturally?

    If polyps are asymptomatic, then they usually don’t require any treatment. It’s possible for nasal polyps to shrink naturally and go away on their own.

    What fruits are good for nasal polyps?

    Bright-colored vegetables and fruits such as berries, kiwi, pumpkin, papaya, sweet potatoes, and pineapple are all rich in antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals. Pineapple also contains enzymes that break down the buildup on the sinuses and reduces inflammation.

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    Content Reviewed By
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    Dr. Neha B Lund
    14 Years Experience Overall
    Last Updated : May 20, 2024