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Balanitis Treatment - Types, Causes, Diagnosis & Cure

Balanitis is an infection of the skin on the head of the penis. This happens mostly in uncircumcised males, and it is necessary to get it treated promptly. You can get the best treatment for Balanitis at Pristyn Care, with top-notch medical technologies and equipment. To get rid of all penis foreskin issues, book your consultation today with Pristyn Care.

Balanitis is an infection of the skin on the head of the penis. This happens mostly in uncircumcised males, and it is necessary to ... Read More

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    Dr. Falguni Rakesh Verma (klJ7Egw4gu)

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    Dr. Sanjeev Gupta (zunvPXA464)

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  • What is Balanitis Infection?

    Balanitis is pain and inflammation of the penis glans that generally occur due to infection on the skin on the head of the penis. There are various causes of balanitis. While yeast infection, also called candida balanitis, is one of the most common reasons behind balanitis, it can also be caused due to bacterial infections.

    Alongside improper hygiene, reaction to latex condoms, allergic reaction to certain medications, and STDs can cause balanitis as well. Balanitis can be treated with antibiotics and antifungal creams. But, when these medical treatments fail to provide relief, urologists often suggest circumcision as the best treatment for balanitis symptoms.  

    A balanitis infection is generally not serious, and while it may cause pain and discomfort, it can be cured using topical medications. Balanitis is a non-contagious condition meaning it cannot spread from one person to another.

    However, it is possible to transfer the underlying infection that caused it in the first place. Some symptoms that may be indicative of balanitis are:

    • Rashes on Penis: Rashes, itching or irritation on the penile glans is one of the most common symptoms of balanitis. The skin there may also look red, purple, gray or white.
    • Red Spots on Penis: Red spots on the penile glans is a common symptom that is associated with a balanitis infection.
    • Balanitis Bumps: Scaly warts or occurrence of bumps on the head of the penis could be a symptom of a rare type of balanitis called Pseudoepitheliomatous keratotic and micaceous balanitis or simply PKMB. 
    • Redness on Foreskin: Alongside the penile glans, balanitis infection can also affect the foreskin. In such cases, you notice symptoms such as itchiness or redness of the foreskin.

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    What Are the Common Types of Balanitis?

    Balanitis is divided into three types:

    Zoon’s Balanitis

    Zoon Balanitis is the most common type of Balanitis. It impacts uncircumcised, middle-aged, and older men, resulting in an inflamed, red penis tip. It is also known as plasma cell balanitis. The starting treatment procedure may involve maintaining good hygiene and using emollient creams. Circumcision is curative.

    Circinate Balanitis

    It happens because of reactive arthritis. It is a kind of arthritis that evolves in reaction to an infection in the body. In addition to redness and inflammation, Circinate Balanitis also leads to small lesions (sores) on the tip of the penis. At the earlier stage, people experience mini dots with a white plaque. It then grows into red areas not bordered by white plaque. Patients do not suffer from itching or burning, nor do they go through bad smells. 

    Pseudoepitheliomatous Keratotic and Micaceous Balanitis (PKMB)

    This type of Balanitis causes warts on the glans. It is a very rare urological condition affecting men over 60 years. The condition is typically asymptomatic, but maceration, fissuring, and irritation may be linked. The clinical course of PKMB is chronic and can be recurrent after treatment.

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    What Are The Causes Of Balanitis?

    Balanitis is more commonly found in uncircumcised men in comparison to the circumcised ones. The main cause of balanitis is poor hygiene practices. Due to improper hygiene, microbes such as bacteria, fungi, and yeast can thrive and multiply in the dark and moist area under the foreskin, eventually leading to infections. Due to these infections, the head of the penis, and sometimes the foreskin too gets swollen. Some other causes of Balanitis are mentioned below:

    Infection (not sexually transmitted)

    Various germs on the skin may enhance and cause infection. Therefore, a prevalent cause of Balanitis is a yeast or bacterial infection prompted by a fungus- candida. 

    Infection (sexually transmitted)

    Some sexually transmitted infections can also cause balanitis. But it takes place occasionally. Precisely, an STI happens if you have swelling of the urethra. 

    Skin conditions

    Certain skin conditions can also cause Balanitis- for example, psoriasis can affect the penis. In addition to psoriasis, other skin conditions can cause Balanitis but are unfamiliar. 

    Allergic irritants

    Skin is a very sensitive part of the human body, and it can get swollen if it gets affected by specific procedures, chemicals, or other irritants. For example:

    Poor hygiene

    Poor hygiene around the penile area, accompanied by a tight foreskin, can result in irritation caused by smegma. Smegma is a cheesy substance that develops under the foreskin if the glans are not cleaned.


    Why Choose Pristyn Care?

    BenefitOthersPristyn Care
    Blood LossMaximumMinimal
    Scars & StitchesYesMinimal
    Follow Up ConsultationNoYes
    Hospital DurationLongShort
    No Cost EMINoYes

    Diagnosis and Treatment of Balanitis

    Balanitis Infection Diagnosis

    Prior to balanitis treatment, your doctor will perform a series of tests and diagnostics to not only evaluate your overall health but also uncover any underlying medical conditions you may have that could require additional care or precautions, during or after surgery. Balanitis infection is typically diagnosed with a simple physical examination as most of its symptoms are visible. 

    Alongside, your urologist may also perform some additional tests to better understand not only any potential balanitis causes behind it but also the type of balanitis you have. Some tests and diagnostics that your urologist may perform include: 

    • Swab test: A swab test is a simple test that is commonly performed to check for any STD’s or other infections you may have. In a swab test, the urologist takes a simple swab from the site of infection to analyze it.
    • Urinalysis: A urinalysis test is generally performed to check for signs of diabetes or infection by analyzing the visual, chemical and microscopic aspects of your urine.
    • Blood test: Your urologist may perform a simple blood test to check for signs of diabetes or any other infection that you may have.
    • Tissue biopsy: A tissue biopsy is another test that your urologist may perform to further understand your condition and potentially uncover the reason behind it. In a tissue biopsy, your doctor will take a sample of cells from the site of infection and analyze it under a microscope.

    Balanitis Treatment

    The treatment of Balanitis depends on the cause. If a yeast infection triggers the problem of Balanitis, then your doctor will advise you to use an antifungal cream. Furthermore, if you have an infection caused by a skin bacteria, you will be advised to apply an antibiotic cream and to wash the area properly. Sometimes antibiotic pills may be required.

    You must keep the area clean and dry when the skin is swollen but not infected. Soaps, skin lotions, or other chemicals that aggravate the condition should be avoided. In uncircumcised men, circumcision is the best method of treatment for Balanitis. Circumcision is a procedure performed to remove the foreskin from the head of the penis.

    It prevents recurrent infections, primarily in men with tight and difficult-to-retract foreskin. This is because the removal of the foreskin stops the accumulation of urine or any residual matter that leads to Balanitis in the first place. In the absence of the foreskin, there is no longer an environment for an infection or inflammation that can result in Balanitis. Hence, a permanent solution for balanitis can be stapler circumcision

    Balanitis occurs mostly in men with the tight foreskin (prepuce) that is difficult to retract over the glans penis.

    Balanitis is a very discomforting condition which can hinder your personal as well as professional life. It can often be a very painful experience and can impact your sexual life as well.  Therefore, it is quite obvious that one would want to get rid of balanitis as soon as possible.

    Are you going through any of these symptoms

    Surgical Methods of Balanitis Treatment

    A circumcision surgery is generally considered to be a safe and effective balanitis treatment. Circumcision is a surgical procedure that involves the removal of the foreskin covering the penile glans or the head of the penis. There are primarily three methods of performing circumcision:

    Laser circumcision

    Laser circumcision is an advanced and minimally invasive procedure that is performed to surgically remove the foreskin using a high-energy laser beam.

    Laser circumcision is extremely precise and does not involve the risk of any deep cuts or excessive bleeding. The recovery period in case of laser circumcision is considerably less and has been shown to have better results and postoperative quality of life. 

    Stapler circumcision

    Stapler circumcision is a more conventional form of circumcision that is safe, quick, and efficient in nature. Stapler circumcision is performed using a disposable surgical device that is specially designed to remove the foreskin.

    This stapler device fits snugly around the head of the penis and, once fired, removes the foreskin in a quick motion.

    Alongside, the stapler device also leaves behind a silicone ring around the incision wound to close it off and minimize bleeding. This silicone ring falls off on its own after 7-10 days once the wound heals.

    Open circumcision

    Open circumcision, sometimes referred to as dorsal slit technique, is a traditional method of performing circumcision that is performed using either a scalpel or surgical scissors.

    In an open circumcision, the surgeon makes an incision along the upper length of the foreskin from the tip of the corona to expose the penile glans.

    Compared to laser and stapler circumcision, open circumcision is more invasive and, as a result, requires longer to heal. It also carries significantly more risk of complications either during or after surgery. 


    What Are The Complications Possible With Balanitis?

    Balanitis is a medical condition that advances very slowly. Therefore, it doesn’t possess the power to hinder any physiological function. But, prolonged Balanitis can have severe complications if left untreated and can lead to chronic inflammation and other complications, like:

    1. Lichen Sclerosus: Lichen sclerosus happens when white, hard patches evolve on the skin. It can affect urination and the flow of semen through the urethra.
    2. Scar Tissue: Prolonged balanitis can lead to scarring around the head of the penis and make the foreskin tight to retract back. 
    3. Ulcerative Lesions: Balanitis can lead to painful sores that bleed and ultimately cause scarring.
    4. Risk of Cancer: Chronic balanitis escalates the risk of various types of cancer. Quick treatment of balanitis can significantly decrease the risk of complications. 

    Risks Involved in Balanitis Surgery (Circumcision)

    The possibility of risks and complications after balanitis surgery (Circumcision) is quite low. However, it does not mean it can’t cause any complications at all. Therefore, listed below are some possible risks and complications associated with circumcision surgery that you must be aware of:

    So it is always recommended to do laser circumcision surgery from experienced urologist for safe and secure procedure.

    Non-Surgical Treatments for Balanitis

    Before moving onto surgical treatments, your urologist may recommend use of some non-surgical alternatives for treating candidal or fungal balanitis. Depending on what is causing your condition, treatment may vary as well. 

    Antifungal creams

    If your balanitis is caused by a yeast infection, sometimes referred to as candida balanitis, your healthcare provider may prescribe the use of antifungal cream for balanitis.

    Creams for balanitis infection need to be applied on the head of the penis and foreskin. Some of the most commonly used brands of antifungal creams that your urologist may prescribe to treat fungal balanitis are given below:


    If a Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD’s) is the reason behind your balanitis, your healthcare provider may prescribe you some antibiotics to treat the infection.

    Depending on the infection, the type of antibiotics best suited for you is likely to vary as well. There are primarily three types of antibiotics that are generally recommended for effective balanitis treatment:

    It is to be noted however, that before taking any of the above-mentioned ointments and medications, it is important to consult your urologist first.

    Home Remedies

    There’s no proven home remedies to treat balanitis. Some balanitis home remedies and tips can help you manage or relieve some of the symptoms related to balanitis:

    Sexual Activities & Balanitis

    Engaging in any sexual activities, with balanitis can be dangerous, especially if you don’t know the reason behind it. Balanitis itself is not a contagious condition.

    However, it is still possible to pass on the underlying infection that caused it, to the sexual partner. Thus, it is often advised to refrain from any sexual activities until either your balanitis has healed or your doctor thinks it’s safe to do so.

    If you have sex anyway, given below is what you can expect before and after balanitis treatment:

    Before Balanitis Treatment

    After Balanitis Treatment

    What Are The Complications With Untreated Balanitis?

    Balanitis advances very slowly and generally does not hinder any physiological functions. If left untreated, though, balanitis can lead to severe complications such as:

    Balanitis Surgery Cost & Insurance coverage

    The average cost of a balanitis surgery in India can range anywhere from Rs. 26,000 to Rs. 35,000.

    Depending on various factors, however, such as the method of your surgery, hospital charges, cost of preoperative tests and diagnostics, and the  cost of postoperative medications, the exact cost of your surgery is likely to vary. 

    Balanitis surgery is generally covered by most health insurance plans in India if it is deemed to be a medical necessity by your healthcare provider.

    If left untreated, balanitis can lead to a multitude of penis related complications and diseases that not only affect your everyday life but also may require additional, more complex surgical procedures for treatment.

    However, if the reason behind your surgery is strictly cosmetic in nature, as is the case with any other cosmetic procedure, it is highly unlikely that your insurance plan will provide coverage for it.

    Prior to surgery, it is best to have a detailed discussion about your insurance plan and its inclusions and exclusions with your insurance provider.

    FAQs About Balanitis Treamtent

    Can Balanitis lead to erectile dysfunction?

    Yes, the pain caused by the swollen foreskin increases when you have an erection. It destroys the thought of sex and can lead to erectile dysfunction.

    Can Balanitis cause death?

    No. Balanitis can not result in the death of a person because it is not such a life-threatening condition. But it should never be ignored and left untreated. The pain can become intolerable and unendurable if balanitis is undiagnosed and left untreated. 

    Is Balanitis dangerous?

    Balanitis is uncomfortable but is not dangerous. It can be relieved with the help of topical medication. But, when left untreated, it can result in Balanoposthitis- a term that describes long-term chronic inflammation. It can also lead to Phimosis.

    Can Balanitis be cured permanently?

    Yes, Balanitis is a urological condition that can be cured properly and completely. Your doctor can put you on antibiotics or other medications like creams or lotions to medicate the problem. But, the forever solution to this problem is circumcision.

    Is Balanitis a symptom of HIV?

    It is believed that a rash on the penis is a major symptom of HIV. But it is also a sign of Balanitis, occurring in uncircumcised middle-aged and older adults. It is usually the result of a bacterial or yeast infection.

    Can I have sex if I have Balanitis?

    Yes, you can indulge in sexual activities if you have Balanitis. But not in the case where STDs cause Balanitis. 

    What Are The Symptoms Of Balanitis?

    • Pain and irritation on the head of the penis
    • Pain during urination
    • Tight skin on the glans
    • Redness
    • Itching under the glans
    • Swelling
    • Formation of white skin on the penis
    • White discharge of the foreskin (even yellowish discharge can happen from the affected skin)
    • Repugnant smell
    • Painful urination
    • Sores on the glans 

    How to prevent balanitis from getting worse?

    Balanitis is manageable in most cases, if the affected individual follows some care tips. Listed below are some Do’s of Balanitis that will help you manage this disease and prevent it from turning serious:

    • Wash your penis every day
    • Gently pull back your foreskin and wash the area with warm water
    • Dry gently after washing
    • Only use condoms that are designed for sensitive skin
    • Wash your hands before peeing or touching your penis

    Use over the counter ointments for balanitis treatment?

    Topical antifungal creams or ointments can be effective in treating mild cases of balanitis at home. You will not need a prescription to get an over the counter ointment for balanitis. But if you see no benefit with the OTC ointment for balanitis after few days of use or notice any side effects, discontinue the use and consult a urologist. Typically, if balanitis does not respond well to over the counter ointments or antifungal creams  in case of uncircumcised men, the urologist might suggest a circumcision to treat the condition effectively.

    Should I Wash the penis thoroughly every day?

    The most essential tip for preventing the inflammation from worsening is to maintain proper penile hygiene. Wash the penis every day while bathing. Make sure to clean the area under the foreskin properly as it is a favorable area for the microbes to harbor. For cleaning the area under the foreskin, you can also use cotton swabs.

    Can I use Tea tree oil for balanitis treatment?

    The anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties of tea tree oil are very effective in relieving balanitis. The best way to apply tea tree oil on the penis is by mixing with coconut oil. This prevents any chances of burning and reddening of the penis. So, you can use this home remedy for balanitis every day and experience fast healing.

    What should you add in your diet to get rid of balanitis?

    • Ginger is enriched with the anti-microbial and very effective in preventing inflammation of any kind. Hence, you should include ginger in your regular diet to get rid of balanitis fast.
    • Garlic has outstanding antibacterial and antifungal properties which help improve the condition of balanitis significantly. Studies have shown that garlic can sometimes be as effective as some anti-fungal creams used to cure balanitis. Therefore, increase your garlic intake for faster results.

    Does Aloe Vera Gel Help in Balanitis?

    Using aloe vera gel in its pure form is certainly among the best remedies for balanitis. The cooling and anti-bacterial effects of aloe vera gel on the skin helps in curing balanitis as well. There are no side-effects and also no hassles involved with using aloe vera gel for balanitis.

    When to Seek Medical Attention for Balanitis?

    If you start noticing symptoms such as fever, severe pain, inflammation and pus drainage from the penile glans or the foreskin, it is advisable to contact your healthcare provider immediately.

    These could be signs of an infection and likely require immediate medical attention. If left untreated, it could lead to some serious complications such as sepsis, gangrene, necrosis and in some severe cases, loss of the penis.

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    • AC

      Anadi Chaurasiya


      Choosing Pristyn Care for my balanitis treatment through circumcision surgery was the best decision I made. The medical team was professional and empathetic, making me feel at ease throughout the process. The circumcision surgery was efficient and virtually painless, and the post-operative care was outstanding. Thanks to Pristyn Care, I am now living without the distress of balanitis, and I have regained my comfort. I highly recommend their circumcision surgery for balanitis treatment for anyone seeking expert care and excellent results.

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      Monu Chaudhari


      I am very thankful to the PC team for helping me have my surgery smoothly. I faced no problems and received complete assistance from the care coordinators throughout the procedure. Good overall experience.

      City : DEHRADUN
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      Vikas Hatwal


      Great experience with the Pristyn Care team. I had balanitis treatment through them and the entire process was smooth and hassle-free. Would definitely recommend it further.

      City : PUNE
    • BB

      Bhagvant Basu


      Pristyn Care provided excellent balanitis treatment. The doctor was skilled and caring, explaining the procedure in simple terms. The surgery was successful and the entire medical staff was suportive. Their team still takes regular follow-ups with me. Their services exceeded my expectations.

      City : AHMEDABAD
    • DS

      Digvijay Sonkar


      The staff at Pristyn Care demonstrated remarkable empathy and support throughout my balanitis treatment. They understood my concerns and fears and provided reassurance every step of the way. From the initial consultation to post-operative care, their kindness and understanding made a significant difference in my overall experience. Thank you, PC!

      City : BHUBANESWAR
    • BS

      Babulal Sarkar


      I would like to applaud Pristyn Care for their outstanding services. The care coordinators were supportive, the doctors were well-informed, and the staff was welcoming.

      City : GUWAHATI

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