Kidney stones are a major problem nowadays that arises when the kidney fails to filter out certain waste. 1 out of every 10 people is suffering from kidney stones. Half of them end up with kidney failure if left untreated. Recurrence is very high with each passing year.
The function of the kidney is to get rid of waste products and maintain electrolyte levels in the body; Kidneys also help control blood pressure. Sometimes, certain wastes like salts, and minerals that cannot be filtered sticks to the inner lining of the kidneys. These wastes that are not filtered accumulate and form hard deposits like a stone. These stones can range from the size of a sugar crystal to a much larger size than it which can cause a blockage.
Lack of maintaining an optimum level of water in the body
Diet can also cause Kidney stones
Family history and genetic factors
Severe pain in the back, belly or groin
Foul smell urine and urge to urinate frequently with small amounts of urine.
Passing of blood in the urine
Nausea and vomiting due to lower abdominal pain.
The diagnosis of stones in the body is carried out after observing the pattern of symptoms a person is experiencing. The doctor may prescribe certain tests like
Blood test. Blood tests help reveal the concentration of calcium, uric acid or oxalate ions present in the blood
Urine test. If a person is experiencing any stones passing in the urine, then that can be assessed with the help of a 24-hour urine test.
Imaging. Imaging tests like ultrasound, a non-invasive test, and intravenous urography, computerized tomography (CT), X-rays can help diagnose kidney stones in your urinary
After the kidney stones are being diagnosed, your doctor can offer you kidney stones treatment that can either include:
These methods are used when an individual is diagnosed with small kidney stones that may generally pass through your Urinary tract without the involvement of any treatment. Your doctor can advise you to drink plenty of liquids so that the small stones can pass easily outside your body through the urinary tract. If you are experiencing any pain then the health care provider can also prescribe pain medicine.
Ureteroscopic surgery (URS) is a minimally invasive surgery in which a small telescope is used, that is passed directly through the urethra and into the ureter to remove a kidney stone in the ureter.
Percutaneous nephrolithotomy is also a minimally-invasive process for the removal of stones from the kidney. A small piercing wound is made which is of about 1 cm into the skin. After which, the stones of more than 2 cm in size are removed. These large stones are usually present near the pelvic region area.
The RIRS is a gold-standard procedure which involves placing the endoscope into the urethra and then gradually retrograding/moving towards the bladder and then into the ureter. The whole procedure is carried out under general or spinal anaesthesia.
In this procedure, the doctor uses shock wave lithotripter to aim at the stone present in your kidney. This shock wave breaks the larger stone into very small pieces which can then pass through the urinary tract gradually, filtering it out of the body through urine
Consume at least 2-3 liters of water every day.
Avoid eating foods that are rich in oxalate, and uric acid.
Choose to eat low salt diet and avoid taking antibiotic that can cause stones
Diet should include celery, fruits, Kidney beans, pomegranates
Pristyn Care specializes in providing the gold standard for Kidney Stones. With our own team of doctors across 3 cities, we deliver personalized care according to your medical needs. Our easy admission to discharge process and world class infrastructure ensures a hassle free experience.