Different types of kidney stones
Knowing the type of kidney stone is necessary to determine the best line of treatment and reduce the risk of getting the stones again in the future.
Following are the different types of kidney stones:
Calcium stones - These are the most common type of kidney stones a person may develop. Calcium stones form due to deposits of calcium oxalate. Causes of calcium stones include high amounts of vitamin D, ill-dietary habits, intestinal bypass surgery, and metabolic disorders.
Struvite stones - Struvite stones may form from a urinary tract infection. These stones grow faster than any other types and do not show any symptoms in most cases.
Uric acid stones - These stones often form when people lose too much water from their bodies due to conditions like chronic diarrhea. They can also form when a person's protein intake is too high. Genetic factors like diabetes can also be a reason for uric acid stones.
Cystine stones - People with a hereditary disorder called cystinuria can develop kidney stones. Cystinuria is a condition in which the kidneys excrete too much amino acid.
Tests for Kidney Stones Diagnosis
If your pain indicates kidney stones, the urologist may recommend you undergo the following tests.
1. Blood test - A blood test can reveal the amount of uric acid or calcium in your body. The test can also help evaluate the health of your kidneys and decide upon the necessary treatment.
2. Imaging tests - The urologist may recommend imaging tests such as X-ray and CT scan to confirm the existence of the kidney stones around can also help in kidney stone diagnosis.
3. Urine test - You may be recommended to undergo a urine test over two consecutive days. The urine collection may show the level of minerals that you are excreting with your urine.
What are the treatment options for kidney stones?
- ESWL (Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy) - It uses shock waves to break the kidney stone into small pieces that can move through the urinary tract & pass from the body.
- URS (Ureteroscopy) - In this, the ureteroscope is passed through the urethra and into the ureter to remove a stone using laser energy.
- RIRS (Retrograde Intrarenal Surgery) - It is a procedure for doing surgery within the kidney using a flexible ureteroscope to remove the upper ureter and small kidney stones.
- PCNL (Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy) - It is a minimally invasive procedure in which large kidney stones are removed through a small incision in the skin.
Treatment of kidney stones according to size
- Kidney stones less than 100 mm can be flushed with water and medication.
- For kidney stones between 10-20 mm, the location and the composition of the stones need to be considered before deciding the treatment.
- Stones larger than 20 mm are usually treated by ESWL
What is the estimated cost of kidney stone removal in Delhi?
The estimated cost of kidney stone removal in Delhi varies as per the treatment suggested. However, depending on the patient’s medical needs and health condition, the cost of the surgery can vary from one person to another. The estimated cost of different treatment options for kidney stone removal in Delhi at Pristyn Care are:
- URSL- INR 65,000 to INR 75,000
- RIRS- INR 95,000 to INR 1,05,000
- ESWL- INR 35,000 to INR 45,000
- PCNL- INR 65,000 to INR 75,000