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What are Kidney Stones?

Kidney stones form as a result of hard deposits of minerals and salts in the kidneys. Stones form when the urine in an individual’s body contains high levels of salts and minerals. Sometimes, these stones can develop in the kidneys without symptoms and get flushed through urine without discomfort. But when it travels to the ureter, it causes immense pain in the person’s lower back, affecting other parts of the urinary tract. 

The pain caused by the movement of these stones is immense. Kidney stones can vary in size ranging from a few millimeters in length to inches. Kidney stones are quite prevalent and can affect both men and women. Kidney stones are classified into four major types: 

  • Calcium stones
  • Uric Acid stones
  • Struvite stones
  • Cystine stones 



  • Kidney stones diet to follow:
  • Nephrolithiasis ICD 10:
  • Types of kidney stones:
  • Risk factors:
  • Kidney stone pain area:
  • Complications of kidney stones:
  • Foods to avoid for kidney stones:

Kidney stones diet to follow:

Excess water or fluid intake

Dairy products




Less intake of water

Being overweight

Chronic diarrhea

High blood sugar

High animal protein

Family history


Severe pain below the ribs, in the side and back

Pain while urinating

Pink, red or brown colored urine

Foul smelling urine

Urinating more than often

Fever and chills


Removing the Kidney stones with a machine in pune


  • If your kidney stones are large enough to cause you unbearable pain, that will be the first sign of discomfort. However, you may have to undergo a few tests if your doctor chooses to obtain a more precise diagnosis. Here are some steps followed before the diagnosis - 
  • Kidney stones should be treated as soon as you notice the symptoms. Your doctor will check your medical history to get a clear perception of your condition and ask you a few questions before providing you with the treatment concerning your diet and check for the points where you feel the bouts of pain the most. 
  • You may also have to undergo some imaging tests to diagnose the size and location of the kidney stones properly. Your urologist may recommend X-ray and CT scan to confirm the existence of the kidney stones.
  • The urologist may also conduct blood tests to get insight into the condition of your kidney stones. A blood test reveals the amount of uric acid or calcium in your body and can also help evaluate the health of your kidneys and recommend the necessary treatment.
  • Apart from that, you may also be recommended to undergo a urine test over two consecutive days. The urine test will show the level of minerals that are being excreted with your urine. 


There are several techniques available for the treatment of kidney stones. Pristyn Care is associated with some of the best doctors and surgeons in the city that offer a highly advanced and dynamic treatment. Some of the most effective surgical treatments for kidney stones include laparoscopic laser and shock wave lithotripsy. Treatment may also vary depending on the size of the stone. 

Treatment of kidney stones according to size - 

If your kidney stones are less than 10 mm in size, water consumption and medication can flush the stones after consulting with your primary doctor.

If your kidney stone(s) size is between 10-20 mm, it is essential to determine the location and composition before deciding on the treatment.
For stone(s) larger than 20 mm in size, ESWL treatment is done for the same.

Treatment of Kidney stones using surgeries -

ESWL (Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy)

  • Uses shock waves to break the kidney stone into small pieces. 
  • Treated for stone(s) less than 15mm
  • Minimally invasive surgeries involve very few cuts or incisions. 
  • The time of surgery is around 45 minutes. 

URS (Ureteroscopy) -

  • It is an invasive surgery that involves minimal cuts. 
  • Stones are in the lower ureter or the bladder. 
  • Treatment is done when the size of the stone(s) is less than 15mm. 
  • The duration of treatment is 45 minutes.

RIRS (Retrograde Intrarenal Surgery) -

  • Performs surgery within the kidney to remove the upper ureter and small kidney stones using a flexible Ureteroscope. 
  • The size of stone(s) is not more than 15mm. 
  •  The duration of treatment is around 1 hour. 

PCNL (Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy) -

  • Minimally invasive surgery that involves an incision of around 1cm.
  • Treated when the size of stone(s) is greater than 10mm. 
  • Duration of treatment is around 1.5 hours. 

Why Pristyn Care ?

Pristyn Care is COVID-19 safe

Pristyn Care is COVID-19 safe

Your safety is taken care of by thermal screening, social distancing, sanitized clinics and hospital rooms, sterilized surgical equipment and mandatory PPE kits during surgery.

Assisted Surgery Experience

Assisted Surgery Experience

A dedicated Medical Coordinator assists you throughout the surgery journey from insurance paperwork, to free commute from home to hospital & back and admission-discharge process at the hospital.

Medical Expertise With Technology

Medical Expertise With Technology

Our surgeons spend a lot of time with you to diagnose your condition. You are assisted in all pre-surgery medical diagnostics. We offer advanced laser and laparoscopic surgical treatment. Our procedures are USFDA approved.

Post Surgery Care

Post Surgery Care

We offer free follow-up consultations and instructions including dietary tips as well as exercises to every patient to ensure they have a smooth recovery to their daily routines.

Pristyn Care in Numbers

200K+Happy Patients

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the risks and complications of undergoing treatment of kidney stones?


Generally, there are no risks associated with kidney stones if you perform surgery from an experienced surgeon. Pristyn Care offers Pune’s few of the best doctors and surgeons for kidney stone surgery. As a result, there are no significant risks or complications associated with kidney stones treatment. However, there can be certain complications with other surgical procedures that may differ from one procedure to another. These risks can be avoided if you consult an expert surgeon or urologist to treat kidney stones. 

Risks of Ureteroscopy and Laser Lithotripsy:

  • Failure to remove all stone fragments

  • Infection

  • Ureteral injury

  • Ureteral stricture

    Risks of Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL):
  • Infection

  • Bleeding in or around your kidney

  • Failure to break up the stones

Risks of Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PCNL) may include:

  • Blood loss, which may require a blood transfusion

  • Failure to remove all stone fragments

  • Injury to a neighbouring organ

What is the average cost of kidney stone surgery in Pune?

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Should I go to a hospital for the treatment of kidney stones?

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How to prevent kidney stones in the future?

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What causes kidney stones?

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When should I consult the doctor for kidney stones?

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How to pass stones at home?

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How can I remove my renal stones?

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How are renal stones diagnosed?

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Can kidney stones cause weight loss?

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Can I remove my 8mm stone naturally?

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Does whey protein cause kidney stones?

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How to stop kidney stones pain immediately?

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Does eating slate pencils cause kidney stones?

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What is the most effective treatment method to remove kidney stones?

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What size of kidney stones require surgery?

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How to remove an 18 mm kidney stone?

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What is the duration of kidney stones surgeries?

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Does kidney stone surgery hurt?

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What is the role of stents during kidney stones surgery?

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What are the post-surgery recovery tips after kidney stone surgery?

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What is the cost of kidney stones surgeries in Pune?

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What do kidney stones look like?

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Is milk bad for kidney stones?

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Does acupuncture help relieve kidney stones symptoms?

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Is there any insurance coverage for kidney stones surgery?

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Does beer help in flushing out kidney stones?

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What are the different types of kidney stones?

There are different types of kidney stones based on the kind of salts and calcium content. It is essential to know the type of kidney stone and equally necessary to determine the best line of treatment to reduce the risk of recurring. There are the following types of kidney stones:

  • Calcium stones -

    The most common type of kidney stones an individual may develop, calcium stones form due to calcium oxalate deposits. These stones are caused by high amounts of vitamin D, ill-dietary habits, intestinal bypass surgery, and metabolic disorders. 
  • Struvite -

    Stones form due to urinary tract infections that may grow faster than any other type. Struvite stones fail to show any symptoms in most cases.
  • Uric acid stones -

    Uric acid stones form due to dehydration or excessive loss of water from their bodies due to conditions like chronic diarrhea. They can also develop due to an individual’s high protein intake. Genetic factors like diabetes can also be a reason for uric acid stones. 
  • Cystine stones -

    Individuals with a hereditary disorder may develop kidney stones called cystinuria. Cystinuria is a condition in which the kidneys excrete too much amino acid.

    Benefits of undergoing minimally invasive and advanced kidney stone removal surgeries?

    There are various advantages of advanced laparoscopic surgeries done here at Pristyn care. Pristyn Care has some of the best doctors and surgeons on board for a very high success rate which adds to the seamless patient experience. The state-of-the-art technology allows surgeons at Pristyn Care to perform complex surgeries with a tremendous success rate. Following are the advantages of minimally invasive surgeries. 
  • The procedure takes around 30 minutes.
  • Minimal pain during the procedure
  • Swift and pain-free recovery
  • More effective as compared to traditional surgery for kidney stones
  • Minimal blood loss and minimum postoperative discomfort
  • Less downtime from regular activities
  • No risks of recurrence, fewer complications, and side effects
  • No surgery scar(s) after recovery
  • Resume daily activity within 48 hours

Different treatment options for kidney stones based on the size and location of the stone.

Kidney stones or renal calculi occur in different shapes or sizes depending on how long they are present in the body. Sometimes, these renal stones are minute and get flushed out through urine without medications or therapies. However, some stones can be stubborn and keep on accumulating over a period of time. Renal stones of such stubborn nature often obstruct ureteral passage or even form staghorn calculus. Some of the treatment options for kidney stones are as below-

Non-surgical methods - When the size of the stone is less than 5mm, urologists usually recommend non-surgical procedures for removing kidney stones. These may include home remedies, therapeutic medicines, medications such as pain-relievers, etc., that can help flush out kidney stones. The doctors usually recommend drinking excess water and staying hydrated to increase the fluid concentration in the urine. Several medications for kidney stones include -

  • Ibuprofen (Advil) for pain
  • Acetaminophen (Tylenol) for pain
  • Naproxen sodium (Aleve) for pain
  • Allopurinol (Zyloprim) for uric acid stones
  • Thiazide diuretics to prevent calcium stones from forming
  • Phosphorus solutions to prevent calcium stones from forming
  • Sodium bicarbonate or sodium citrate to make the urine less acidic

In addition, the doctor may recommend some alpha-blockers such as tamsulosin (Flomax), dutasteride, etc., that can help the muscles in your ureter relax, making it easier for you to pass the stone quickly and with less pain.

Surgical methods - Surgical or less invasive procedures are regarded as the most effective way to treat large kidney stones. Doctors usually recommend surgical procedures for kidney stones if the size of the stones is greater than 5mm. There are 4 procedures to remove kidney stones -

  • Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (URSL) - It is a non-invasive surgery that uses external shockwaves to break the stones into smaller pieces. The patient is administered spinal anesthesia to reduce the pain as the stones are flushed out of the body. ESWL is a conventional procedure that may require multiple sittings to break the stones completely.
  • Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy/Nephrolithotripsy (PCNL) - PCNL is an advanced procedure to treat kidney stones of size greater than 14mm. It is also known as tunnel surgery due to the nature of small incisions. It involves small incisions near the flank area while the patient is under general anesthesia. The surgeon then uses a nephroscope to locate and break the stones into smaller pieces. If the stone is removed in its intact state, it is called nephrolithotomy, and if the stone is broken into smaller fragments, it is termed as nephrolithotripsy.
  • Retrograde Intrarenal Surgery (RIRS) - RIRS is an advanced procedure to treat kidney stones with sizes between 8mm to 15mm. The patient is first administered with either spinal or general anesthesia for a painless procedure. The doctor then inserts a thin, flexible endoscope attached with a tiny laser on the other end. The stones are subsequently broken into smaller fragments and flushed out through urine. The surgeon may choose to insert DJ stents before RIRS treatment. Stents enlarge the passage of the urinary tract for smooth movement of stones. The stents are removed when the stones are thoroughly flushed out of the body.
  • Ureteroscopic lithotripsy (URSL) - Similar to RIRS, ureteroscopic lithotripsy also uses a thin ureteroscope that is attached to the camera and laser on the other end. URSL is also an effective surgical option for moderately sized kidney stones. The camera guides the surgeon inside the body to locate and break the stones. The urologists may insert ureteral stents to ease the movement of stones during the expulsion. The patient is administered with local or general anesthesia for a painless procedure.

What to expect after your kidney stones procedure?

The patient is usually under the effects of anesthesia after the surgery and may suffer from mild dizziness and discomfort in case of stent insertion. Patients who have undergone invasive surgery may feel slight numbness around the site of the incision. Doctors at Pristyn Care guide you through the recovery period and monitor your health regularly to ensure you are in the best of your health. You may experience the following after your kidney stone surgeries -

  • A small amount of bleeding in your urine for a few days to a few weeks after the surgery due to stent insertion.
  • Mild pain and nausea as the stones are expelled from the body after the treatment.
  • Some bruising on the back or side after your shock waves lithotripsy procedure.

Complications of untreated kidney stones

Kidney stone is a major condition that usually results in unbearable pain. However, people are at greater risk if they ignore the symptoms by prolonging the treatment. It can lead to several complications that can eventually become life-threatening-

  • Hydronephrosis - When the stone blocks the ureteral passage, it creates difficulty for the urine to completely drain out from the kidneys. This leads to the accumulation of urine in the kidneys, causing swelling of a kidney. Hydronephrosis can occur in one or both kidneys, depending on the size and number of stones.
  • Renal scarring - Urinary tract infection is a common bacterial illness that occurs due to prolonged kidney stones in the ureter. These stones can cause continuous scarring around the stone damaging the tissues and organs around the kidneys causing permanent renal failure.
  • Kidney failure - Prolonged kidney stones can cause loss of kidney functions which can result in the need to remove either of the kidneys (nephrectomy).

Advantages of choosing Pristyn Care for kidney stones surgery in Pune.

Pristyn Care is a full-stack healthcare service provider associated with some of the best hospitals and clinics across the country. The aim is to ease the process of accessing advanced treatment and surgeries for every patient at minimal costs. Pristyn Care has some of the best urologists and kidney stone specialists with years of experience in PCNL, RIRS, URSL, and ESWL to ensure a very high success rate. Most kidney stones surgeries are daycare which do not involve any incision (except for PCNL, which involves minimal incision) and offer faster recovery. Some of the benefits of choosing Pristyn Care for kidney stones treatment are -

  • Highly experienced urologists- Our team of kidney stones surgeons are fully trained and certified to perform painless surgeries with a success rate of over 95%. Our urologists will discuss all the necessary information about kidney stones before the surgery. This allows our surgeons to offer comprehensive treatment and make our patients aware of the certain risks involved during the treatment.
  • Care Buddy- Pristyn Care has a unique concept of 'care buddy' who is present with the patient on the day of the surgery. This care buddy takes care of all the paperwork and various formalities from admission to the hospital till discharge.
  • Insurance approval- A dedicated team at Pristyn Care assists with the insurance approvals for kidney stones surgeries within 30 minutes. However, the insurance approval depends on the type of your insurance company and the terms and conditions set by them. Our team of experts will do their best to help you claims any benefits from the medical insurance.
  • Flexible payment options- Pristyn Care offers various modes of payments for kidney stones surgeries with no cost EMI. In addition, we accept credit cards and cash payments for the procedure.
  • Free pick-up and drop facility- Pristyn Care provides free cab services for pick-up and drop-off to each patient within the city on the day of kidney stones surgery.
  • Free follow-up consultation- A smooth and faster recovery is essential after the treatment. Pristyn Care provides free follow-up consultation and proper diet charts to all the patients who have undergone kidney stones surgery for a quick recovery process.
  • COVID-19 safe environment - During the COVID crisis, Pristyn Care ensures proper sanitization of all the OTs and clinics before each surgery to curb the spread of the COVID. It is our top priority to maintain excellent hygiene and social distancing while providing a seamless patient experience.

Booking an Appointment with the best urologist for kidney stones surgery

Pristyn Care has some of the best urologists with adequate training and years of experience in kidney stone surgeries. Our doctors and surgeons are upskilled in performing advanced treatment for the best results. You can book an appointment with the kidney stones doctors at Pristyn Care to get rid of excruciating kidney stones pain in the following ways:

  • You can fill out the patient form on our website A team of medical coordinators will reach out to you at the earliest to gather details from your end once the appointment form is submitted. The appointment will be subsequently fixed with the concerned urologist according to your schedule.
  • You can directly connect with our medical coordinators via the contact number on our website. A team of dedicated medical coordinators will gather inputs from your end and connect you with the kidney stones doctor near your area and book your appointment consecutively.
  • You can also book an appointment through our Pristyn Care app. Our medical coordinators will arrange an offline or online consultation with our kidney stones experts near your area at the earliest via video call. A nominal consultation fee will be charged.
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