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About ACL Tear

A tear in the anterior cruciate ligament is known as ACL tear. It is one of the major ligaments in the knee. Athletes and women who wear high heels for long hours are likely to suffer from an ACL tear often. ACL tear is commonly witnessed in players related to soccer, football, cricket, basketball etc where sudden jumping, landing and other such body movements are required. The surgery to reconstruct a torn or injured ACL is known as ACL Reconstruction.

Arthroscopic Knee Surgery

Arthroscopic Knee Surgery

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Overview

know-more-about-ACL Tear-treatment-in-Pune
ACL Reconstruction Recovery
  • Surgery healing takes 4 to 8 weeks.
  • Full recovery usually takes 4 to 9 months
Swelling after ACL Reconstruction
  • Swelling typically persists for 4 to 6 weeks.
  • Elevate your leg and apply ice packs to the knee, for 20-30 minutes every 2 hours.
Most common choices of graft for ACL reconstruction
  • Patellar tendon autograft
  • Patellar tendon allograft
  • Hamstring autograft
  • Quadriceps tendon autograft
Return to sports after ACL Reconstruction
  • Athletes can return to pivoting sports after 4 to 8 weeks
  • Athletes can return to regular sports after about 8 months. Make sure to take your orthopedic surgeon’s approval before returning to sports.
Doctor-performing-ACL Tear-surgery-in-Pune

ACL Tear Treatment in Bangalore

Diagnosis of ACL Tear

During the physical examination, the doctor will check the swelling in the knee. The doctor may also ask you to change positions of the knee to check if the knee is functioning properly. The diagnosis, in most cases, can be done on the basis of the physical test alone, but if the injury looks severe, the doctor may ask you to take a few more tests such as – X-rays and MRI.

ACL Tear Surgery

The surgery to repair a torn ACL is known as ACL Reconstruction. During the process, the surgeon operates and removes the injured ligament and replaces it with a segment of tendon tissue. The tendon tissue works similar to that of a ligament that connects the muscle to bone.

The surgeon will use a piece of tendon from another part of the knee or a tendon from a deceased donor. After the surgery, the patient can resume a rehabilitative therapy course for recovery.

For recovery, you can do the following selfcare at home:

  • Icing
  • Proper rest
  • Use compression
  • Keep your knee in elevated position

In Our Doctor's Word

What-Dr. Ashish Taneja-Say-About-ACL Tear-Treatment

Dr. Ashish Taneja

MBBS, MS - Orthopaedics

17 Years Experience

"ACL tear is one of the common orthopedic conditions among teenagers and sports player. And yet a common fear I encounter is, 'If I will be able to play sports again?'. Well yes, you absolutely will. All my patients have. The only four pointers are- 1.) Early diagnosis, 2.)Timely treatment, 3.) A little rest, 4.)Basic physiotherapy. Once all four are met, you will be absolutely fine and fit to return to sports again. "

Why Pristyn Care?

Delivering Seamless Surgical Experience in India

01.

Pristyn Care is COVID-19 safe

Your safety is taken care of by thermal screening, social distancing, sanitized clinics and hospital rooms, sterilized surgical equipment and mandatory PPE kits during surgery.

02.

Assisted Surgery Experience

A dedicated Care Coordinator assists you throughout the surgery journey from insurance paperwork, to free commute from home to hospital & back and admission-discharge process at the hospital.

03.

Medical Expertise With Technology

Our surgeons spend a lot of time with you to diagnose your condition. You are assisted in all pre-surgery medical diagnostics. We offer advanced laser and laparoscopic surgical treatment. Our procedures are USFDA approved.

04.

Post Surgery Care

We offer free follow-up consultations and instructions including dietary tips as well as exercises to every patient to ensure they have a smooth recovery to their daily routines.

Pristyn Care in Numbers

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Frequently Asked Questions

What is a Knee Arthroscopy?

Knee arthroscopy is a surgical procedure performed to repair a damaged or torn anterior cruciate ligament of the knee. The surgery aims to reconstruct the torn ACL and PCL and remove any broken fragments of bone and menisci in the joint.

What happens if an ACL injury is not treated?

If a partial or total ACL tear is left untreated, it may become chronic ACL deficiency. The knee joint becomes unstable and is unable to sustain weight. There is frequent buckling out of the knee and chronic pain, along with chances of further damage to the cartilage.

What should I do if my ACL is injured or torn?

If you have sustained an injury on the knee and you suspect your ACL has been affected, do the RICE treatment immediately. RICE stands for Rest Ice Compression Elevation. After this, see a doctor as soon as possible to get a proper diagnosis.

Will my knee joint function normally after an ACL reconstruction surgery?

ACL Reconstruction surgery repairs the torn and damaged ligament effectively. The surgery will stabilize the knee and eliminate symptoms like buckling out instability and immobility, and patients who undergo ACL Reconstruction surgery at Pune in Pristyn Care testify that after the recovery and rehabilitation program, their knee functioned normally without any pain, stiffness, or discomfort. You will get relief from pain and other symptoms you experienced prior to the surgery after recovery.

What is the ACL?

The knee joint is composed of three major parts: the tibia, the patella, and the femur. The anterior cruciate ligament is responsible for connecting the femur to the tibia and keeping the knee joint stable during movements. The stability and balance provided by the ACL are crucial for movements that involve cutting and pivoting motions in several sports activities.

What does the anterior cruciate ligament do?

The ACL keeps the knee joint stable and aligned by not allowing the shin bone from sliding out of its position. The ligament also helps prevent extreme twisting or rotation of the joint.

How would I know that I have torn my anterior cruciate ligament? 

Only a proper diagnosis can help confirm a tear in the anterior cruciate ligament. The diagnosis is done with a physical examination and diagnostic scans including X-rays and MRI scans.

Why do I need ACL reconstruction surgery? 

In the case of minor injuries in the knee, when there is a partial tear or an extreme sprain in the anterior cruciate ligament, nonsurgical treatment methods may prove to be effective. However, in more serious injuries when there is a total tear in the anterior cruciate ligament, ACL reconstruction surgery is the only way to properly address the condition. You would be a viable candidate for an ACL reconstruction surgery if:

  • You have an active lifestyle.
  • You are an athlete and wish to return to sports after recovery.
  • The injury is affecting your routine life.
  • The ACL tear is accompanied by another knee injury, like a meniscus tear.
Can I delay my ACL Reconstruction surgery?

It’s not advisable to delay ACL reconstruction surgery as it risks worsening the damage to the knee. After diagnosis, you should discuss your treatment options with your doctor, and try to start the treatment as soon as possible.

How long does the ACL Reconstruction surgery take?

Minimally invasive reconstruction surgery takes about one to one and a half-hour. However, you may be asked to stay in the hospital for a day for observation after the surgery.

 What happens after an ACL reconstruction surgery?

Post-surgery, your rehabilitation plan will be started, which will go on for about 6 to 8 months. During the rehabilitation period, you would be taught several exercises and stretches by a trained physiotherapist. These exercises will help strengthen the graft and surrounding muscles.

For how long would I need to use crutches after an ACL reconstruction surgery?

Crutches are used to provide additional support while walking and standing and should be used according to one’s requirement. However, in most cases, patients can walk and stand without support within a week.

How to treat medial collateral ligament or MCL injury?

Most MCL injuries can be treated at home with RICE treatment (rest, ice, compress and elevate)and anti-inflammatory medicine. The orthopedic doctor may suggest the patient use crutches and wear a knee brace/ knee cap that protects the knee but also allows for some movement of the knee. The patient might need to reduce the activity for a few weeks until the MCL injury heals.

Can ligament injury heal itself?

Some ligament injuries can heal with use of medication, exercise, physiotherapy , rest and RICE treatment. Grade 1 and grade 2 ligament injuries can heal on their own but it may take time. The patient would need proper care and an orthopedic specialist’s supervision for proper and quick healing.

Grade 3 ligament injury is a complete tear of the ligament and typically requires surgical treatment.

What to do in ligament injury?

Standard medical treatment for knee ligament injury typically includes-

  • Rest
  • Ice pack application (to reduce swelling that occurs within hours of the injury)
  • Compression (from an knee brace or elastic bandage)
  • Elevate the affected leg
  • Prescribed pain relievers

Proper diagnosis and examination by an orthopedic doctor is important after a ligament injury. Consult the best knee doctor in Pune at your nearest Pristyn Care clinic.

Is knee cap for ligament injury effective?

Wearing a knee cap after ligament injury can help to stabilize the knee and prevent sideways movements that may increase damage to the ligament.

What is ligament repair?

Ligament repair or reconstruction is the procedure to replace or repair a damaged ligament.

What to do in case of a ligament injury at home?
  • Ice the injured knee for 20-30 minutes every 3 to 4 hours to reduce the pain and swelling.
  • Compress the knee.
  • Raise the knee on a pillow while sitting or lying down.
  • Wear a knee brace or knee cap to stabilize the knee and prevent further injury.
  • Take prescribed painkillers.
Can an ACL tear heal on its own?

Partial ACL tear or a sprained ACL can heal with the use of physiotherapy, RICE treatment, rest and pain medication (to manage pain). A complete ACL tear cannot heal on its own as there is no blood supply to the injured ligament. Surgical reconstruction or repair is usually required for a completely torn ACL.

Are braces for MCL tears useful?

A knee brace or knee cap can help to prevent sideways movement of the knee joint and further protects the MCL from instability, strain and pressure. If an MCL tear is severe, the orthopedic doctor may recommend surgery.

Can you walk with a complete acl tear?

It might be possible to walk with a complete ACL tear. However, the person might have a lot of pain and knee instability and a risk of further knee injuries.

When can I go swimming after ACL reconstruction?

It is advised to avoid swimming for 2 to 4 months after surgery. You should get your doctor’s approval before resuming such activities after ACL surgery.

What is the treatment for high grade anterior cruciate ligament tear?

ACL reconstruction or repair surgery is the best treatment for high grade anterior cruciate ligament tear.

What is the success rate of ACL repair?

ACL reconstruction has been a successful procedure, with satisfactory outcomes in 75%- 97% of patients.

What will happen after your ACL reconstruction?

The rehabilitation program begins immediately after the surgery. A physiotherapist will teach you some exercises that will help strengthen your leg and the operated knee. You will also be given some instructions by your surgeon for a proper recovery. These instructions involve ample rest, avoiding sports activities right after the surgery, regularly attending the follow-up appointments, and diligently following through with the physiotherapy plan.

Undergo less invasive and successful ACL Reconstruction Surgery In Pune

Tears in the ACL or anterior cruciate ligament because of an injury of the knee joint is one of the most common types of injuries of the knee. ACL or the anterior cruciate ligament is one of the major ligaments of the knee joint and is responsible for the stability of the joint. If an injury is sustained, the ligament does not heal by itself. This implies that in case of ACL tear or injury, an orthopedic must be consulted to immediately know about treatment options.

If the injury sustained by the ACL is of Grade 1, it can be treated with non-surgical methods effectively. But if Grade 2 or Grade 3 injuries are sustained, your doctor may suggest ACL Reconstruction Surgery in Pune. With its certified, trained and experienced team of surgeons and a compassionate and caring environment, Pristyn Care is one of the best choices for undergoing ACL Reconstruction Surgery. The surgeons at Pristyn Care use the latest technologies and high-end equipment for your reconstruction surgery, and the follow-up appointments and rehabilitation program will ensure that you are on the right track of recovery.

How is an ACL tear treated?

A severe injury to the knee can result in an ACL tear. You would need a proper diagnosis after scans and physical examination to ensure that your injury is an ACL tear. Once a proper diagnosis is made, a comprehensive treatment plan can be drawn based on the following factors.

  • The severity and extent of the injury
  • Age and skeletal development of the patient.
  • Type of lifestyle and activity routine of the patient.

The grading of ACL injuries is based on the extent of damage to the anterior cruciate ligament. The injuries are divided into three categories as follows.

  • Grade 1: A light stretch in the ligament with mild damage is a Grade 1 injury. No instability of the knee is caused.
  • Grade 2: Grade 2 injuries involve a strong stretch in the ACL which can make it lose. This is known as a partial tear of the anterior cruciate ligament and causes pain, inflammation, and instability.
  • Grade 3: A complete ligament tear occurs due to overstretching of the joint. The ligament splits into two and makes the knee joint highly unstable, inflamed, and immobile.

If the ACL tear is mild and is caused by just a light stretch of the knee, surgical treatments will probably not be required. Nonsurgical treatment alternatives like the following can prove to be effective.

  • Limiting and modifying activities.
  • Using a brace, cast, or splint.
  • Rehabilitation and physiotherapy programs.

However, in case of Grade 2 or Grade 3 injuries, an ACL Reconstruction surgery can be suggested by your orthopedic. The surgery aims to restructure the torn ligament by using a piece of tendon from another part of the knee, or a donor.

Benefits of undergoing arthroscopic ACL tear surgery

The expert team of orthopedic surgeons at Pristyn Care uses advanced techniques and equipment to reconstruct the ACL with a minimally invasive method. There are several benefits of ACL reconstruction surgery as compared to traditional open surgery. Some of them are listed as follows.

  • Quicker recovery
  • Significantly less pain after surgery
  • Lesser and smaller incisions
  • Lower risk of infections

Post-surgery, our orthopedic surgeons will draw up a customised and comprehensive rehabilitation program and provide you with a schedule of follow-up appointments so that your recovery can be monitored.

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