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About ACL Tear

A tear in the anterior cruciate ligament is known as ACL tear. It is one of the major ligaments in the knee. Athletes and women who wear high heels for long hours are likely to suffer from an ACL tear often. ACL tear is commonly witnessed in players related to soccer, football, cricket, basketball etc where sudden jumping, landing and other such body movements are required. The surgery to reconstruct a torn or injured ACL is known as ACL Reconstruction.

Overview

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ACL Reconstruction Recovery

Surgery healing takes 4 to 8 weeks.

Full recovery usually takes 4 to 9 months

Swelling after ACL Reconstruction

Swelling typically persists for 4 to 6 weeks.

Elevate your leg and apply ice packs to the knee, for 20-30 minutes every 2 hours.

Most common choices of graft for ACL reconstruction

Patellar tendon autograft

Patellar tendon allograft

Hamstring autograft

Quadriceps tendon autograft

Return to sports after ACL Reconstruction

Athletes can return to pivoting sports after 4 to 8 weeks

Athletes can return to regular sports after about 8 months. Make sure to take your orthopedic surgeon’s approval before returning to sports.

Causes

  • Landing awkwardly from a jump
  • Suddenly slowing down and changing direction
  • Stopping suddenly
  • Receiving a direct blow to the knee or collision, such as a football tackle

Symptoms

  • Rapid swelling
  • Severe pain and inability to continue activity
  • A loud 'pop' or a 'popping' sensation in the knee
  • Loss of range of motion
  • A feeling of instability or 'giving way' with weight bearing

Treatment

Physical examination for ACL-tear

How is ACL Tear Diagnosed?

ACL injuries are always acute. For diagnosis, the orthopedic surgeon performs the following tests:

  • Physical exam: During the physical exam, the doctor checks the swelling and tenderness of the knee in comparison to the uninjured knee. They also assess the overall function and range of motion of the joint. This is often enough to reach a preliminary diagnosis of an ACL tear.
  • X-rays: X-rays are generally performed to rule out the possibility of a fracture.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): MRIs help assess both the soft and hard tissues of the knee to determine the extent of damage to the ligament and its surrounding tissues.
  • Ultrasound: Ultrasounds are used to visualize the internal structures and assess them for any damage or injuries.

ACL Tear Treatment

ACL injuries are always acute. For diagnosis, the orthopedic surgeon performs the following tests:

  • Physical exam: During the physical exam, the doctor checks the swelling and tenderness of the knee in comparison to the uninjured knee. They also assess the overall function and range of motion of the joint. This is often enough to reach a preliminary diagnosis of an ACL tear.
  • X-rays: X-rays are generally performed to rule out the possibility of a fracture.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): MRIs help assess both the soft and hard tissues of the knee to determine the extent of damage to the ligament and its surrounding tissues.
  • Ultrasound: Ultrasounds are used to visualize the internal structures and assess them for any damage or injuries.

Treatment for ACL injuries can be performed via physiotherapy in some cases, but in most cases, surgery is the only viable treatment option to regain limb movement. ACL surgery, or ACL reconstruction, involves the surgeon removing the damaged ligament and replacing it with a tendon graft to restore complete joint function. Surgery is followed by intense physiotherapy to reduce the chances of re-injury, especially in athletes. Doctors evaluate the joint’s strength, stability, and movement patterns before allowing the patients to return to their sport. A longer rehabilitation period is often linked with a lower chance of recurrence of the injury.

Pristyn Care provides minimally invasive ACL reconstruction treatment in Kolkata to help facilitate recovery in patients. Minimally invasive surgery is often preferred over open surgery because it uses smaller incisions and causes less harm to the surrounding tissues, making the recovery much smoother and faster.

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Frequently Asked Questions

How is an Anterior Cruciate Ligament injury caused?

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How can Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL) injury occur?

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What is the first-aid for ACL tears?

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What is a meniscus tear?

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Is ACL tear surgery necessary?

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Where does the surgeon obtain the graft for ACL reconstruction?

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What is the cost of ACL reconstruction surgery?

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Is ACL surgery covered under insurance?

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Why are ACL injuries common?

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Which doctor should be consulted for an ACL injury?

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What happens when you ignore an ACL injury?

Ligaments do not receive adequate blood supply to heal on their own. Therefore, ACL injuries do not heal on their own. If left untreated, they will progressively get worse and lead to:

Instability of the knee joint: An injured ACL joint cannot sustain any weight and progressively becomes more and more unstable till the knee becomes too unstable to even walk.
Pain: ACL injuries are riddled with pain. Without treatment, the pain increases over time, and the knee swells up so much that the person starts having difficulty even moving it.
Disability: Without due treatment, the knee joint permanently loses its ability to bend and straighten, leading to permanent disability.
Arthritis: As the ligament cannot function properly in an ACL injury, its functional load is born by the surrounding tissues such as bones, tendons, and muscles. This additional strain can promote arthritis development in many people.

Why should you get ACL reconstruction surgery at Pristyn Care?

Pristyn Care is one of the finest ACL surgery providers in Kolkata. We go to great lengths to ensure complete care and comfort for all patients. Some facilities provided at all Pristyn Care centers are:

  • Easy appointment booking: You can easily book an appointment at any Pristyn Care facility with the best knee specialists near you at your convenience.
  • Cab and meal facility: We provide cab and meal facilities for all patients on the day of the surgery to ensure their complete comfort.
  • Documentation and insurance help: Our care coordinators are always in touch with you throughout the treatment. They help with the documentation for hospital admission, insurance, and other stuff to ensure a seamless treatment journey.
  • Affordable treatment: To ensure that the treatment is completely affordable, we also provide patients 30% off on diagnostic tests, along with free rehabilitation therapy for some time.
  • Dedicated care buddy: Each patient is assigned a dedicated care buddy that takes care of them and ensures that their hospital stay is completed without any hurdles.

What does rehabilitation for ACL injury for athletes entail?

Typically, rehabilitation for ACL injuries lasts for around 4-5 weeks, but since athletes put more strain on their joints, they need longer rehab periods for better movement and to prevent recurrence of the injury.

Rehabilitation for knee injuries mainly focuses on treating the injuring and providing the patient their desired range of motion for the joint. The treatment is performed with three goals in mind:

  • Stabilizing the joint to promote healing
  • Strengthening the joint to increase the range of motion of the joint
  • Increasing joint flexibility to decrease the chances of re-injury following the return to sports.

Most athletes can start training for their sports about 4-6 months after the surgery, but doctors recommend a full rehabilitation before they start participating in the sports again. The rehabilitation period can be divided into:

  • Phase 1: 3-4 months after surgery- Regain strength and improve the flexibility of the joint
  • Phase 2: 4-6 months after surgery- Low-level fitness and performance agility drills
  • Phase 3: 5-8 months after surgery- Jumping exercises
  • Phase 4: 6-9 months after surgery- Single-leg jumping exercises with sports-specific cutting
  • Phase 5: 9-12 months post-surgery- Steadily increase sports drills till former skill is achieved while focusing on preventing re-injury.

How to book an appointment with knee specialists in Kolkata?

  • Fill in the “Book an Appointment” form on the website. Our care coordinators will reach out to you momentarily and book an appointment for you based on your symptoms and location.
  • You can call our helpline number directly and talk to our care coordinators to book your appointment.
  • Download our dedicated app from Google Play Store and browse through our list of specialists and choose the right doctor for you.
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