Extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy or ESWL is a non-invasive procedure for removing kidney stones. The procedure uses high-frequency sound waves to target stones and breaks them into smaller fragments so they can be flushed out of the body through urine. Urologists generally recommend ESWL when the medications are ineffective to manage the pain and treat the stone. Shockwave lithotripsy for kidney stones is usually recommended for kidney stones of diameter 6-8mm. Get in touch with us to know more about ESWL treatment in Kolkata.
Who can benefit from ESWL Treatment?
ESWL works effectively for patients with a stone size less than 10mm located in the kidney or high in the ureter. However, when kidney stones are present low in the ureter, near the pelvis and bladder, they don’t usually respond well. Therefore, it is important to consult your doctor before undergoing the ESWL treatment in Kolkata.
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Several diagnostic tests done before the ESWL treatment include the following –
The patient is administered spinal anesthesia before the procedure. ESWL does not necessarily require general anesthesia as the intensity of pain is very low during the procedure. The patient is made to lie on a water-filled tub or cushion. The water acts as a medium between the machine and the organs to prevent damage to the surrounding organs. The surgeon uses several imaging tests like x-rays or abdominal ultrasound to determine the exact location of the stone. Once the stone is located, the surgeon releases a series of high-energy sound waves to break the stones into smaller fragments. The doctor carefully adjusts the power and intervals of the sound waves accordingly to break the stone into smaller pieces.
Once the stone is broken into smaller pieces, they are flushed out of the urinary tract. The whole procedure usually takes 30-45 minutes, depending on the stone density, medical health of the patient, and the surgical expertise of the surgeon. ESWL may not be an effective procedure for all types of kidney stones and may require multiple sessions to break them completely. The surgeon may also choose to insert a ureteral stent in case of a large stone. A stent enlarged the passage of the ureter for smooth movement of stones and help reduce the pain during the stone expulsion.
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The full form of ESWL is Extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy.
ESWL is effective in removing kidney stones with a diameter of less than 10mm. However, several urologists may recommend shockwave therapy for kidney stones as an ideal procedure with sizes between 6-8mm.
ESWL generally takes 30 – 45 minutes, depending on several factors such as size and number of stones. Surgery time also depends on the medical condition of the patient and the surgical expertise of the urologist.
No, ESWL is not a painful procedure as it is done under anesthesia. However, there may be mild discomfort after the procedure due to stent insertion when the effect of anesthesia wears off.
ESWl treatment is usually not recommended for patients with the following conditions –
Yes, the ESWL procedure for pancreatic stones is really effective since the location of the stone lies in the effective radius of sound waves. The urologists may also suggest ureteroscopy for the same.
ESWL is an advanced procedure with a high success rate for small-sized stones (diameter of around 6-8mm) that are ineffective against medications, therapies, etc. However, ESWL can provide excellent results, with more than 90% of patients experiencing relief from pain. Get in touch with us to know more about the ESWL treatment in Kolkata.
The ESWL treatment cost in Kolkata usually starts from Rs. 40,000. However, the cost of the procedure can vary depending on several factors such as consultation charges, number of sessions, insurance coverage, medical condition of the patient, surgical expertise of the urologist, etc. The price can also increase if the surgical experience of the surgeon is higher. Get in touch with us to know more about the ESWL treatment cost in your Kolkata.
Yes, Insurance companies cover the cost of ESWL in Kolkata. ESWL surgery is done as a medical necessity to avoid complications involving kidneys. However, the insurance coverage depends on the insurance policies and the terms and conditions set by the insurance provider.
Prolonging kidney stones can lead to possible complications –
Yes, kidney stones are often associated with several gastrointestinal symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, pain in the lower back, and discomfort while urinating. Large-sized stones can also obstruct urinal passage, causing several GI issues, including gas, constipation, etc.
Your doctor or healthcare institute generally provides instructions before the ESWL procedure to help your prepare for the surgery. Here is how you can prepare for your ESWL surgery –
Since shockwave therapy for kidney stones break them into smaller fragments, you can expect to pass stone pieces in your urine for several days. Stone pieces may appear similar to sand, gravel, or dust. Some patients may experience pain while passing stone fragments (even tiny ones). The kidney stone specialists may prescribe several OTC medications and suggest dietary restrictions to help reduce the pain and ease the recovery process until the stone fragments are completely flushed out of the body.
Recovery is an essential aspect of surgery. The normal recovery time after the ESWL procedure usually takes a day, and the patient can resume work within two to three days after the surgery. Since there are minimal cuts and stitches, you can perform minimal physical activities that do not strain your lower body.
ESWL being an advanced procedure offers several benefits over conventional surgeries. Some of the benefits of extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy include the following –
Pristyn Care is a full-stack healthcare service provider that offers several benefits in terms of surgery experience and financial assistance. Our associated hospitals are equipped with the latest technology and modern infrastructure for a high success rate. Some of the benefits of choosing Pristyn Care for your ESWL procedure in Kolkata include –
Here is how you can book an appointment with some of the best urologists in Kolkata through Pristyn Care –
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