Adenoidectomy surgery entails the removal of adenoid glands if they are infected, inflamed, or enlarged. Adenoid glands are small pads of immune tissues next to the palate that are an important part of the immune system in kids. However, as a child grows, their functionality decreases, and eventually, they start degenerating.
However, in some cases, instead of degenerating, they can get infected and start causing problems such as difficulty in breathing, obstructive sleep apnea, snoring, postnasal drip, sore throat, etc. Normally, such problems can be managed medically, but in severe cases, surgical intervention is necessary. Often, adenoidectomy is combined with a tonsillectomy to treat sore throat and other throat infections.