Adenoidectomy: Purpose, Procedure, Risks and Recovery

  • Overview of Adenoidectomy
  • Quick Facts on Adenoiditis
  • Complications 
  • Causes of Adenoiditis
  • Signs and Symptoms of Adenoiditis
  • Diagnosis
  • Prevention of Adenoiditis
  • Complications caused by Adenoiditis 
  • Treatment of Adenoiditis
  • Surgical Treatment- Adenoidectomy 

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Overview of Adenoidectomy

The process of surgical removal of the infected adenoids is known as Adenoidectomy. Adenoids are situated at the back of the palate (roof of the mouth). Adenoids are lymph tissues serving the purpose of catching microbes passing through the nasal passage and mouth. Adenoids need to be removed surgically in case of inflammation and swelling. The inflammation of adenoids (adenoiditis) can lead to sinusitis or sleep apnea. Adenoidectomy is the most-suitable alternative when all the medications or remedies fail to work.

Quick Facts on Adenoiditis

  • Infection of the adenoids near the middle ear can impair the hearing ability.

  • The cause of adenoiditis can either be bacterial or viral.

  • Frequent throat infections make a person more prone to adenoiditis.

Complications 

  • If inflammation is not treated, it can lead to bleeding from tonsils.

  • Leaving adenoiditis untreated is not advised. The main reason being, it can lead to sinusitis.

  • Increased risks of chest pain and infections, such as Pneumonia.

Causes of Adenoiditis

  • Adenoviruses

  • Bacterial infection 

  • Epstein-Barr virus

  • Rhinovirus

Signs and Symptoms of Adenoiditis

  • Breathing through the mouth

  • Pain in the middle ear

  • Snoring or sleep apnea

  • Sore throat and stuffy nose

  • Swollen glands in the neck

  • Partial mouth breathing

  • Wheezing sound while breathing

Diagnosis

An ENT doctor would thoroughly examine the throat to determine and locate the inflammation. In some cases, the doctor asks for a few blood tests, throat culture, and X-Rays of the neck and head to find out the root cause and the seriousness of the condition.

Prevention of Adenoiditis

Keep yourself hydrated and avoid eating too much spicy, tangy, cold and sour foods that can lead to inflammation of the adenoids. In case, you still face the symptoms of adenoiditis, immediately consult an ENT doctor. 

Complications caused by Adenoiditis 

  • Tonsillitis

  • Chest infections

  • Blockage of the middle ear

  • Excess mucus blocking the eustachian tube (Eustachian tubes connect the middle ear to the throat)

  • Recurrent ENT infections

Treatment of Adenoiditis

Home remedies for enlarged adenoids

  • Gargle with warm and saline water for soothing the infection

  • Taking steam regularly to subside the swelling

  • A glass of warm turmeric milk at night 

  • Consuming honey and ginger on a regular basis to reduce the inflammation

  • Chamomile tea curbs the inflammation as it has antibacterial effects

  • Tulsi leaves or juice with honey is a natural immunity booster that fights infections

  • Eating tomatoes help in easing out the allergic cold because of its antihistamine properties

  • Have 1-2 crushed cloves of garlic every day to boost immunity

Homeopathic medicines for infected Adenoids

  • Calcarea carb:-

    This homeopathic medicine is quite effective for infected/inflamed adenoids. This medicine is prescribed for children who frequently catch cold and other throat-related infections.

  • Mercurius SOL 30

    - This remedy is given in the cases when along with adenoiditis, the person has an infected ear. In such an ear infection, thick, yellow malodorous discharge drains out of the ear. The pain gets severe while sleeping and feels like a whistling noise in the infected ear. Mercurius SOL 30 is among the most prescribed medicine to cure this condition.

  • KALI SUPHURICUM 30

    -  Kali Suphuricum 30 is taken if the adenoids grow again after the treatment. It cures symptoms such as snoring, stuffy nose along with discharge from it. This homeopathic remedy works effectively for all the mentioned symptoms.

  • BROMINE 30

    - This medicine is the safest to consume after surgery. It works actively in getting rid of the complications or recurrence of the symptoms after the surgery. 

Ayurvedic medicines for Adenoiditis

Kanchanar Guggulu-

This ayurvedic medicine for adenoiditis works most effectively when taken along with honey. Within a few days only, it reduces the symptoms of adenoiditis to a great extent. If the symptoms do not go away even after many days of consumption, reach out to a specialist doctor.

Koldoff tablet

-  This ayurvedic tablet actively fights the infections of the nose and throat. It helps in curing the viral and bacterial infections of the upper respiratory system. This medicine does wonder in giving relief from adenoiditis.

Surgical Treatment- Adenoidectomy 

People try all the remedies or medications for relief from adenoiditis. If the inflammation does not go away on its own using these measures, surgery is highly recommended. Adenoidectomy is performed to remove the infected adenoids and cure the painful and discomforting condition. It is a minimally invasive procedure performed under general anesthesia. Adenoidectomy offers speedy recovery and the patient feels no pain. The patient faces no complications after the surgery if all the instructions given by the doctor are carefully followed. 

Frequently asked Questions

How do I know I have Adenoiditis?

Following are the common symptoms of Adenoiditis:

  • Breathing through the mouth
  • Pain in the middle ear
  • Snoring or sleep apnea
  • Sore throat and stuffy nose
  • Swollen glands in the neck
  • Partial mouth breathing
  • Wheezing sound while breathing
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Where can I find the Adenoids?

Adenoids are lymphoid glands situated on the roof of the mouth, at the back of the soft palate where the nose connects to the throat.

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