The doctor will ask about your medical history and will perform a physical test, which will include a gentle inspection of the anal region. Most of the times the tear is visible. This is the test that is done for the fissure diagnosis. A fissure is considered chronic if it lasts for more than eight weeks. The location of the fissure offers clues about the cause. A fissure bleeding that occurs on the side of the anal opening is likely to be a sign of Crohn’s disease. Your doctor will recommend these fissures test for the diagnosis:
- Anoscopy: An anoscope is a tubular device that is inserted into the anus to help the doctor visualize the anus and rectum.
- Flexible sigmoidoscopy: In this process, the doctor will insert a thin tube into the bottom portion of your colon. This test is done when you are younger than 50 and have no risk factors for colon cancer.
- Colonoscopy: The doctor will insert a flexible tube into the rectum which will inspect the entire colon. This test is done when you are older than 50 years of age or if you have a risk of colon cancer and signs of other conditions.