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What is retinal detachment?

Retinal detachment is a condition in which the retina gets pulled away from its original position. Retinal detachment is an emergency situation and requires urgent treatment. The longer you leave retinal detachment untreated, the greater is the risk of permanent vision loss.

The retina is located at the back of the eye and converts the lens images to signals to be conducted via the optic nerve and vice versa. Thus, when the retina detaches, the patient loses vision, either totally or partially, depending on the extent of the detachment. Furthermore, when the retina is detached, its cells are deprived of oxygen, which can result in retinal cell death and permanent vision loss if not treated promptly.

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    Pristyncare Clinic image : 17th Cross Road, 495 24th Main Rd, Sector 2 HSR...

    Pristyn Care HSR Layout

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Best eye clinic in India for retinal detachment treatment

Best eye clinic in India for retinal detachment treatment

Pristyn Care has a highly experienced team of ophthalmologists who are well-trained in treating any retina related surgeries including retinal detachment. Our expert eye specialists strive to ensure that every patient lives with healthy vision. We have our own clinics and partnered hospitals across India to make the treatment easily accessible to every patient. Our treatment centers have modern infrastructure and world-class amenities that are essential to diagnose and treat all kinds of eye conditions. Retinal detachment at Pristyn Care is treated by the following methods:

  • Laser surgery and freezing
  • Pneumatic retinopexy
  • Scleral buckling
  • Vitrectomy

With Pristyn Care, you can be rest assured that you will get the best-in-class treatment for retinal detachment at cost-effective prices. You can give us a call and schedule your consultation with one of the best ophthalmologists in India.

How is retinal detachment treated?

How is retinal detachment treated?


To diagnose retinal detachment, you will need an eye evaluation to check your visual acuity, eye pressure, the physical appearance of the eye, and the ability to see colors. They may also evaluate the ability of the retina to transfer impulses to the brain and the blood flow and supply to the retina. Along with these tests, the doctor may suggest some imaging tests to clearly see the retina and assess the extent of the detachment of the retina. Imaging scans required for retinal detachment are:

  • Optical coherence tomography (OCT): An OCT machine is non-invasive and non-painful. It uses light waves to take 3D color-coded cross-section pictures of the retina.
  • Ocular ultrasound: Eye ultrasounds may cause a little discomfort to the patient thus, they are usually performed using numbing eye drops. The eye specialist closes your eyelids and applies ultrasound gel on them, and scans them for digital imaging.

Treatments for retinal detachment

The most common and effective management for retinal detachment is through surgery. Common surgical treatments for retinal detachment are:

  1. Laser surgery and freezing: Laser surgery (photocoagulation) and freezing (cryopexy) are generally performed for retinal tears in patients whose condition hasn’t progressed to retinal detachment yet. During photocoagulation, the surgeon uses a laser to burn the area around the tear site to close the hole and affix the retina back to the eye. For cryopexy, the surgeon uses a freezing probe to freeze the retinal tear shut, resulting in scar tissue that helps hold the retina back in place.
  2. Pneumatic retinopexy: Pneumatic retinopexy is done for minor retinal detachments as an outpatient surgery. The eye surgeon inserts a needle to insert liquid in the eye to push the retina back to its place and seals the hole shut using a laser or freezing probe.
  3. Scleral buckling: Scleral buckling is required for severe retinal detachment cases. The surgeon inserts a small and flexible band around the sclera that gently pushes the sides of the eye towards the retina to aid reattachment and then closes the remaining tears or holes through photocoagulation or cryopexy.
  4. Vitrectomy: Vitrectomy is performed for large tears and is usually done under general anesthesia. The surgeon makes a small incision in the sclera and removes any scar tissue, cataracts, other abnormalities, etc. Then the retina is repositioned using a gas bubble and laser surgery (or freezing) is performed to repair any remaining holes or tears.

How to prepare for retinal detachment treatment?

How to prepare for retinal detachment treatment?

Here are a few tips that you need to consider before preparing for retinal detachment surgery:

  • Do not eat anything the night before the surgery. Eating anything after midnight the night before the surgery can lead to complications during the surgery.
  • If you are on any medicines for diabetes or you take blood thinner, stop it as soon as the surgery is planned. The effects of aspirin and blood thinners may last for 10-14 days and may interrupt the outcomes of the surgery. Do not take these medicines unless the doctor instructs.
  • Discuss about your medicines with your ophthalmologist before the surgery.
  • Get someone to accompany you to the hospital and take you home after the surgery.

How to prevent retinal detachment?

How to prevent retinal detachment?

There is no exact method by which prevention of retinal detachment can be guaranteed. However, there are certain steps you can follow to decrease the likelihood of it occurring:

  • Wear protective eyewear while playing sports and heavy lifting, especially sports in which head hits and eye injuries are more likely to occur.
  • Wear special goggles and protective eyewear while handling power tools.
  • Manage your blood sugar if you have diabetes and make sure your other systemic issues are under control.
  • Get regular eye exams and visit an eye specialist as soon as you start exhibiting symptoms.

Risk factors of retinal detachment

Risk factors of retinal detachment

The following risk factors are commonly associated with retinal detachment:

  • Aging results in changes in the consistency of the vitreous liquid and makes retinal detachment more likely to occur. It is very common in people over the age of 50.
  • PVD (Posterior Vitreous Detachment) is a condition in which the vitreous starts contracting and pulls away from the retina. It is common with aging but if a complication such as a retinal tear occurs, it can lead to retinal detachment.
  • A previous medical or family history of retinal detachment also makes it more likely to occur in the future.
  • Severe nearsightedness (myopia)
  • Previous eye injuries or intraocular surgeries
  • History of inflammatory eye disorders, such as retinoschisis, uveitis, thinning of peripheral retina (lattice degeneration), etc.

Frequently Asked Questions

Does retinal detachment happen suddenly?

Depending upon the cause, retinal detachment can happen either suddenly or gradually. In case of an eye trauma, the detachment of the retina can happen suddenly. Trauma can cause the retina to tear and detach from the eye. Age-related retinal detachments happen gradually.

Is retinal detachment a painful condition?

No, retinal detachment is not a painful condition. Many people don’t feel anything at all when the retina detaches. So when the warning signs of retinal detachment start appearing, they don’t realize what’s happening.

Is retinal detachment an emergency?

Yes, retinal detachment is an emergency medical condition. If you begin experiencing signs and symptoms of retinal detachment, contact an ophthalmologist and get the necessary treatment.

How long can you leave retinal detachment untreated?

A retinal detachment should be surgically treated as soon as possible. Delaying the treatment can cause permanent vision loss.

Can retinal detachment heal on its own?

No, a detached retina does not heal on its own. A detached retina needs to be reattached to the back of the eye in order to restore the blood supply to the retina.

How long does it take to recover from retinal detachment surgery?

Recovery after retinal detachment surgery can take 2 to 4 weeks. Each patient has a different recovery and hence the duration required may vary from one to another.

Can vision be completely restored after retinal detachment surgery?

Complete vision recovery may take months and in some cases, the vision may never fully return. The patients with chronic retinal detachment unfortunately do not regain their vision. The severe the detachment of the retina and the longer it stays, the lesser the chances of vision recovery.

What can cause blurry vision after retinal detachment surgery?

The rods and cones, and the light-sensitive cells of the retina take time to recover. As such patients after retinal detachment surgery may experience blurry vision immediately after the surgery. The blurriness may persist for 2-4 weeks after the surgery.

Are there any complications involved in retinal detachment surgery?

Retinal detachment ideally is a very safe surgery. But possible complications of retinal detachment include:

  • Formation of cataract
  • Infection in the lens
  • Glaucoma
  • Hemorrhage in the  vitreous cavity
  • Loss of vision
What happens if retinal detachment is left untreated?

Retinal detachment is a medical emergency that can lead to permanent blindness if not treated promptly. It is a medical emergency and should be treated as such. You should consult an ophthalmologist as soon as you start exhibiting the symptoms to prevent long-term complications.

How much vision is restored after retinal detachment surgery?

The restored vision after retinal detachment surgery is usually of good quality. But in case the macula gets detached for a very long time, the vision may be impaired.


Retinal Detachment Treatment in Top Cities

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Retinal Detachment Surgery Cost in Top Cities

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