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What are Kidney Stones?

Kidney stones are hard masses of salts and minerals that form in the kidneys. Kidney stones are also known as renal calculi, nephrolithiasis, and urolithiasis. When the urine in a person's body contains high levels of salts and minerals, it can form kidney stones. The stones develop in the kidneys but can affect other parts of the urinary tract as well.

Sometimes, the kidney stones form without any symptoms and get flushed through the urine without causing any discomfort. Other times, the stones may travel to the ureter causing immense sudden pain in the lower back of the person. A kidney stone can vary in size; from as small as a granule of sand to big enough to hurt you.




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Recurrent Urinary tract infections


Infections in the kidney


Loss of kidney function


Renal failure




Lack of water

Being overweight

Chronic diarrhea

High blood sugar

High animal protein

Family history


Severe pain below the ribs, in the side and back

Pain while urinating

Pink, red or brown colored urine

Foul smelling urine

Urinating more than often

Fever and chills


Removing the Kidney stones with a machine in mumbai

Treatment options for kidney stones

ESWL (Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy)- It uses shock waves to break the kidney stone into small pieces that can move through the urinary tract & pass from the body. 

URS (Ureteroscopy)- In this, the ureteroscope is passed through the urethra and into the ureter to remove a stone using laser energy.

RIRS (Retrograde Intrarenal Surgery)- It is a procedure for doing surgery within the kidney using a flexible ureteroscope to remove the upper ureter and small kidney stones.

PCNL (Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy)- It is a minimally invasive procedure in which large kidney stones are removed through a small incision in the skin.

What size kidney stones require surgery?

  • Kidney stones less than 100 mm do not require surgery and can be flushed with water and medication.
  • For kidney stones between 10-20 mm, the location and the composition of the stones need to be considered before deciding the surgical treatment.
  • Stones larger than 20 mm are usually treated by ESWL.

Different types of kidney stones

Knowing the type of kidney stone is necessary to determine the best line of treatment and reduce the risk of getting the stones again in the future. 

Following are the different types of kidney stones:

Calcium stones - These are the most common type of kidney stones a person may develop. Calcium stones form due to deposits of calcium oxalate. Causes of calcium stones include high amounts of vitamin D, ill-dietary habits, intestinal bypass surgery, and metabolic disorders.

Struvite stones - Struvite stones may form from a urinary tract infection. These stones grow faster than any other types and do not show any symptoms in most cases.

Uric acid stones - These stones often form when people lose too much water from their bodies due to conditions like chronic diarrhea. They can also form when a person's protein intake is too high. Genetic factors like diabetes can also be a reason for uric acid stones. 

Cystine stones - People with a hereditary disorder called cystinuria can develop kidney stones. Cystinuria is a condition in which the kidneys excrete too much amino acid. 

Tests for kidney stones diagnosis

If your pain indicates kidney stones, the urologist may recommend you undergo the following tests.

1. Blood test - A blood test can reveal the amount of uric acid or calcium in your body. The test can also help evaluate the health of your kidneys and decide upon the necessary treatment.

2. Imaging tests - The urologist may recommend imaging tests such as X-ray and CT scan to confirm the existence of the kidney stones around can also help in kidney stone diagnosis.

3. Urine test - You may be recommended to undergo a urine test over two consecutive days. The urine collection may show the level of minerals that you are excreting with your urine.

How much does kidney stone surgery cost in Mumbai?

There is no ‘one cost for all’ when it comes to surgery for kidney stones. The estimated cost of kidney stone removal in Mumbai varies as per the treatment suggested. However, depending on the patient’s medical needs and health condition, the cost of the surgery can vary from one person to another. The estimated cost of different treatment options for kidney stone removal in Mumbai at Pristyn Care are:

  • URSL- INR 65,000 to INR 75,000
  • RIRS- INR 95,000 to INR 1,05,000
  • ESWL- INR 35,000 to INR 45,000
  • PCNL- INR 65,000 to INR 75,000

If you undergo surgery for kidney stones at Pristyn Care, the price may also depend on the charges of associated-hospital, the consultation fee of the doctor, and the mode of payment.

Why Pristyn Care ?

Pristyn Care is COVID-19 safe

Pristyn Care is COVID-19 safe

Your safety is taken care of by thermal screening, social distancing, sanitized clinics and hospital rooms, sterilized surgical equipment and mandatory PPE kits during surgery.

Assisted Surgery Experience

Assisted Surgery Experience

A dedicated Medical Coordinator assists you throughout the surgery journey from insurance paperwork, to free commute from home to hospital & back and admission-discharge process at the hospital.

Medical Expertise With Technology

Medical Expertise With Technology

Our surgeons spend a lot of time with you to diagnose your condition. You are assisted in all pre-surgery medical diagnostics. We offer advanced laser and laparoscopic surgical treatment. Our procedures are USFDA approved.

Post Surgery Care

Post Surgery Care

We offer free follow-up consultations and instructions including dietary tips as well as exercises to every patient to ensure they have a smooth recovery to their daily routines.

Pristyn Care in Numbers

200K+Happy Patients

Frequently Asked Questions

Is it hard to find a hospital for kidney stone treatment in Mumbai?

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Is kidney stone surgery in Mumbai expensive?

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Are there any complications possible after undergoing laser treatment for kidney stones?

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Is laparoscopic kidney stone surgery painful?

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What is the best treatment for kidney stone removal in Mumbai?

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Are there any side effects of ESWL (shockwave lithotripsy treatment) for kidney stones in Mumbai from Pristyn Care?

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Should I delay surgery for kidney stone removal in Mumbai?

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When is kidney stone removal needed?

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Which surgery for kidney stones you should go for?

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What kind of doctor treats kidney stones in Mumbai?

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Which is the best kidney stone clinic near me in Mumbai?

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When should you go to the hospital for kidney stones?

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What is the average cost of kidney stone sugery in Mumbai?

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What are the symptoms of kidney stones?

The most common symptom of kidney stones is a sharp pain or cramping in the lower back of the body. The pain often starts suddenly and comes back in waves. Other symptoms of kidney stones may include:

  • Burning sensation while passing urine
  • An intense urge to urinate
  • Urine that is dark red in color
  • Blood in the urine
  • Nausea and vomiting

What are the causes and risk factors of kidney stones?

  • A family history of kidney stones can put you at a greater risk of developing kidney stones.
  • Not drinking enough water is one of the major causes of the formation of kidney stones. If your daily water intake is very low, you are likely to suffer from kidney stones.
  • Overweight or obesity has also been linked to kidney stones. If your BMI is too high, you may develop kidney stones down the line.
  • Consuming a diet rich in animal protein and sugar can also increase your risk of kidney stones. Too much salt in your food can also be a reason for kidney stone formation.
  • Medical conditions such as tubular acidosis, thyroid, diabetes, cystinuria are major risk factors for kidney stones.
  • Medications including calcium and vitamin c supplements and antidepressants can increase the risk of kidney stones.
  • Previous incidents of kidney stones where the stones were flushed out completely may also develop symptoms again.

Important facts on kidney stones:

  • The global prevalence of kidney stones ranges between 2-10%.
    Kidney stones are most commonly reported between the age of 30-60 years.
  • According to studies, there is a positive correlation between the temperature and prevalence of kidney stones.
  • The stones are formed as solid crystals crystallizing out of dissolved minerals from the urine and may be triggered by metabolic or environmental factors.
  • Almost 70% of renal stones (kidney stones) in developed countries are formed from calcium oxalate and/or phosphate stones.

What happens if you delay kidney stone removal surgery?

Delaying kidney stone removal is a common mistake many people make. If you or your loved one has a kidney stone, it is important to know that delaying kidney stone removal surgery can lead to complications and kidney damage. 

Small kidney stones may pass out on their own, sometimes with or without pain. But if the stone is large in size or is causing an obstruction in the urinary tract, your urologist will suggest surgery to treat the condition effectively. A major risk of delaying kidney stones is hydronephrosis. Hydronephrosis is a serious medical condition caused due to a blockage in the ureter, often caused due to kidney stones stuck in the ureter. 

Large kidney stones or kidney stones that remain untreated after a long time can also cause permanent damage to the kidney and may even lead to kidney loss. Severe kidney damage associated with untreated or large kidney stones often occurs without any symptoms, which is why it is very important to undergo kidney stone removal surgery to treat the condition. Delaying treatment for kidney stones is also associated with an increased risk of patient morbidity and more frequent use of antibiotics.

Why minimally invasive surgeries are better than open surgeries for kidney stone removal?

Undergoing conventional open surgery for kidney stone removal is nothing short of adding to the already existing pain. With modern and advanced treatments, you can easily say goodbye to the discomforts of kidney stones without any pain, incisions, or stitches. These advanced surgical procedures offer a speedy and smooth recovery, thereby making the treatment even more convenient for you. 

Pristyn Care has multiple clinics operational in Mumbai where one can get consulted, diagnosed, and treated for kidney stones. If you are looking for effective treatment for kidney stones, you can consult our urologists or kidney stone specialists and get all your queries answered.

Kidney stone removal surgeries at Pristyn Care are minimal to non-invasive in nature, ensure minimum risk and maximum effectiveness, and very short recovery time. The patient completely recovers within just a week without any complications. To get expert consultation from one of our best urologists in Mumbai, you just need to book an online appointment. We assure you to provide you with the best comfort possible.

Best hospitals in Mumbai associated with Pristyn Care for treatment of kidney stones

Pristyn Care is partnered with some of the best, well-reputed, and well-equipped hospitals for kidney stone removal in Mumbai. At Pristyn Care, our first priority is to provide our patients with the best healthcare experience. Here are some best hospitals in Mumbai associated with Pristyn Care where one can avail surgical treatment for all kinds of kidney stones.

  • Aadhar Hospital
  • Apollo Spectra Chembur
  • Apollo Spectra Tardeo
  • Samarth Maternity & Multi-speciality Hospital
  • Apex Borivali East
  • Apex Multi Speciality Hospital
  • Apex Mulund
  • Apex Superspeciality Borivali
  • AR Hospital Orthopaedic and ICU
  • Axis Orthopedic Hospital
  • Balaji Hospital
  • Chembur Hospital & ICCU
  • Fortune Plus
  • Dr Kinare's Safalya
  • Family Care (Dadar)
  • Galaxy Hospital
  • Kapadia Hospital
  • Kolekar Hospital
  • Kripa Hospital
  • Lakecity Hospital
  • Mahajan Hospital
  • Manavta Hospital
  • MGM Hospital
  • MPCT Hospital (Surana)
  • New Manak Healthcare Hospital (CASH)
  • New Millennium Women and Child Hospital
  • New Millenium Multispeciality
  • Nipun hospital
  • Parakh Hospital
  • Powai Hospital
  • Sai Hospital 
  • Sanjeevani Hospital
  • SB nursing Home
  • Shantiniketan Hospital  
  • Shushrusha's Hospital
  • Siddhika Hospital
+ Read More