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What is an Ear Infection?

An ear infection is referred to as inflammation or swelling in the ear due to bacterial or viral infections. It can affect the outer, middle or inner ear and is typically split into three categories - Otitis Media, Otitis Interna, and Otitis Externa. Compared to adults, children are more prone to suffer from this condition. Treatment of these ear infections varies depending on the severity of the infection. Some antibiotics and other conservative therapies are the most common remedies to treat ear infections at the initial stage. However, if the infection becomes chronic, it can cause hearing difficulties or even more serious complications and may require surgical intervention. Everyone will have an ear infection at least once in their lifetime. The infection happens when bacteria or viruses enter the ear and cause swelling, ear pain, fluid drainage, discomfort in the outer part, etc. The solution normally calls for the help of an Ear, Nose, and Throat (ENT) specialist. In several instances, persistent middle ear infections do not improve with medicines; instead, they may worsen, disturb daily activities, and necessitate surgical intervention.
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Best Doctors For Ear Infection Treatment

Best Clinics for Ear Infection Treatment


Ear Infection-Overview
Preventive Measures to Avoid Ear Infection
  • Keep your ears dry and clean
  • Wear swimming caps while swimming or bathing
  • Don’t put any sharp or pointed objects in your ears. Use only cotton swabs to clean your ears.
  • Have your earwax removed by a professional
  • Prevent the common cold or flu
  • Avoid smoking and stay away from passive smoking
Facts about Ear Infections
  • Ear infections can occur in either one or both ears.
  • Pain, itching, and a feeling of fullness in the ear can be symptoms of an ear infection.
  • Ear infection risks increase in children who attend daycare or who are exposed to secondhand smoke.
  • Bacterial ear infections are often treated with antibiotics, while viral infections are typically managed with pain medication.
  • Avoiding colds and other illnesses, as well as keeping the ears clean and dry, can also help prevent ear infections.
Doctor-performing-Ear Infection-surgery-in-Mumbai

Diagnostic Tests and Treatment

Initially, the treatment starts with aggressive medications, and when the medications and conservative methods fail to offer enough relief, surgical treatment is the last resort to treat ear infection.  

Diagnostic Tests

Here are some pre-assessment tests that your surgeon may recommend before proceeding with the procedure: 

Physical Examination: Your surgeon will visually examine your ear infection to determine if there is redness or swelling. 

Pneumatic Otoscope: It is a specific tool that the surgeon uses to diagnose an ear infection. 

The pneumatic otoscope enables the doctor to observe the eardrum in the ear and determine if there is fluid present. They typically observe movement as the doctor gently blows air against the eardrum. However, if there is fluid, there will be little to no movement of the eardrum.

Tympanometry: This is performed to check the movement of your eardrum. 

Acoustic Reflectometry: This test evaluates the amount of sound reflected from the eardrum, which is an indirect way of assessing any liquid in the middle ear. 

Tympanocentesis: This test involves the use of a small tube that penetrates the eardrum to drain fluid, allowing the doctor to determine whether a virus or bacteria is causing the infection.


Myringoplasty: Myringoplasty is a surgical procedure where a tissue graft is used to restore the eardrum to help improve hearing. It is mostly done on patients with no ongoing infection or cancer within the ear. This procedure repairs any damage caused by past infections and helps protect from future ones. Most patients will experience a positive change in their hearing within 6 to 8 weeks following the surgery.

Bilateral Myringotomy and Tubes: A bilateral myringotomy and tubes procedure is utilized for individuals who experience persistent fluid build-up in their ears. The surgeon creates a tiny opening and inserts prosthetic tubes during this operation. This opening provides an  exit passageway for any fluid to drain away. This procedure can be done on an outpatient basis, thus allowing patients to go home soon after surgery. After a few months, the tubes naturally detach, and the hole closes up naturally.

TympanoplastyThis procedure can repair the eardrum, prevent inner ear infections, and help  recover hearing sensation. This is an outpatient procedure in which your surgeon makes an incision behind your ear to access the eardrum. The surgeon will repair the eardrum using a tissue graft. 

MastoidectomyThe mastoid, a bone located behind the ear, connecting to the middle ear, can be accessed through a surgical incision. The surgeon then cleans out the mastoid to help prevent recurring ear infections.

Meatoplasty: A meatoplasty is conducted when the ear canal has experienced a severe injury. The main purpose of this process is to take cartilage away from the ear to expand the canal, thus rectifying it while at the same time allowing it to be cleaned properly.

Why Pristyn Care?

Delivering Seamless Surgical Experience in India


Pristyn Care is COVID-19 safe

Your safety is taken care of by thermal screening, social distancing, sanitized clinics and hospital rooms, sterilized surgical equipment and mandatory PPE kits during surgery.


Assisted Surgery Experience

A dedicated Care Coordinator assists you throughout the surgery journey from insurance paperwork, to free commute from home to hospital & back and admission-discharge process at the hospital.


Medical Expertise With Technology

Our surgeons spend a lot of time with you to diagnose your condition. You are assisted in all pre-surgery medical diagnostics. We offer advanced laser and laparoscopic surgical treatment. Our procedures are USFDA approved.


Post Surgery Care

We offer free follow-up consultations and instructions including dietary tips as well as exercises to every patient to ensure they have a smooth recovery to their daily routines.

Frequently Asked Questions of Ear Infection

Are ear surgeries covered under insurance?

Yes. Almost all ENT day care procedures are covered under insurance. You can directly ask your insurance provider to check whether your treatment cost is covered or not. At Pristyn Care, we provide complete insurance assistance and help you in the insurance claim process.

When does an ear infection become serious?

Listed below are the symptoms that  you need to seek emergency medical care got your ear infection:

  • Pain in an ear with or without fever. 
  • Itching of the ear or ear canal. 
  • Loss of hearing or difficulty hearing in one or both ears.

What are the risks and complications associated with ear infections?

If your ear infection occurs frequently, it may lead to more serious complications such as:

  • Facial nerve damage 
  • Cholesteatoma which is an abnormal skin growth nearby your eardrum 
  • Hearing loss
  • Dizziness
  • Tearing of eardrum

What happens if ear infection is left untreated?

If not treated, an ear infection may spread to the surrounding tissue and, in rare cases, even the skull, potentially causing meningitis. Additionally, the infection can reach the mastoid bone located by the ear and create abscesses full of pus.

What are home remedies for earache?

Here are some proven home remedies that can give you maximum relief from severe earache:

  • Over the counter medications 
  • Warm or cold compress
  • Olive oil 
  • Naturopathic ear drops
  • Neck exercises
  • Put ginger juice with warm oil around the outer ear canal. Don’t put it directly into the ears.
  • Hydrogen peroxide drops

What does an ear infection look like?

A healthy eardrum looks pinkish-grey. An infection of the middle ear, or an ear with otitis media, looks red, or bulging, and there may be clear, yellow, or even greenish-hued drainage.

Is it OK to put olive oil in your ear for an ear infection?

Olive oil can be safely used in small amounts to help relieve ear discomfort and reduce earwax buildup. It is an effective, natural solution to many common ear problems. Simply put a few drops of olive oil into the affected ear, gently massage the area, and let the oil sit for a few minutes. Then, clean it gently with a cotton swab. This simple remedy can provide fast and effective relief from ear discomfort.

Types of Ear Infection and their Treatment

Listed below are the three common types of ear infections:

Otitis Media: Otitis media is the contamination of the center ear that can be either abrupt or incessant. Kids are mostly affected by sudden otitis media as it is commonly caused by regular colds or when Eustachian tubes are clogged, both of which are common in childhood.

The condition can be relieved with the following:

  • Pain can be alleviated with the use of pain-relieving medications
  • Antibiotics if bacteria has caused the infection
  • Ear Drops if there is pus present in the ear canal.

Otitis Interna: Otitis interna is a condition caused by infection or irritation of the passage between the eardrum and the outer ear. It can be induced by contact with contaminated water or when overly aggressive cleaning damages the area. Fungi or bacteria can also cause an ear infection.

Treatment options include:

  • Ear cleaning by a professional
  • Ear Drops containing antibiotics 
  • Pain relieving medications 
  • Antifungal  

Otitis Externa:  Otitis externa is an inflammatory condition that causes swelling and redness in the external ear canal, which connects the outer ear to the eardrum.

Initially, it can be treated with the following:

  • Oral antibiotics 
  • Keeping your ear dry and clean
  • Antibiotic, antifungal, or corticosteroid ear drops
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Our Patient Love Us

  • AA

    Aishwaran Arora


    Thanks to Pristyn Care's ear infection treatment, I've finally found relief from the discomfort. Their expert team's care and advanced techniques made the journey to recovery smoother than I could have imagined. I'm grateful for the results and the exceptional care I received.

    City : MUMBAI
Best Ear Infection Treatment In Mumbai
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