What are the types of hernia?
Hernia can occur anywhere between the chest and thigh region. They are categorized as below:
- Inguinal hernia- It occurs in the upper part of the thigh or groin. 75% of hernia cases are related to the inguinal canal. This type of hernia is more common in men as compared to women as the testicles are descended through the inguinal canal.
- Femoral hernia- It arises right below the groin crease, and it is more common in women. They usually occur when the muscles are weakened due to the results of pregnancy and childbirth. This type of hernia can lead to complications, and that’s why they need treatment as soon as possible.
- Umbilical hernia- This occurs when the intestine starts pushing through the umbilical opening. They are most common in infants and young children. But that doesn’t mean that adults are not at risk of developing this type of hernia. And the worst thing is that it progresses over time in adults and often causes pain.
- Hiatal hernia- It occurs when the stomach tissue protrudes the diaphragm into the chest cavity. It is common in people aged above 50. This type of hernia may be present without symptoms. In some cases, they can cause heartburn or abdominal discomfort.
- Ventral hernia- This arises as a result of a bulge or tears in the ventral surface. They are also called incisional hernias as they are most common in people who have had abdominal surgery in the past.
Apart from these four types, there are other types of hernia like periumbilical and epigastric that are less common.
Why laparoscopic hernia treatment is the best for hernia repair?
Approved by USFDA, laparoscopic hernia treatment is a preferred method due to its various advantages like:
- It is a minimally invasive and less painful procedure that involves smaller incisions.
- The post-operative pain is also reduced.
- No major scars or stitches will leave visible marks.
- Minimize the chances of recurrence
- Faster recovery duration.
- Suitable for multiple hernia repairs.
- Allow patients to return to normal activities quicker than open surgery.
How to prepare for the hernia repair surgery?
The preparation before hernia treatment is done by following the instructions below:
- Vital tests are performed before the surgery
- A surgeon may advise you to take some medicines and avoid taking certain medicines
- Restrict yourself from drinking or smoking for a few days before the surgery
- The surgeon will ask to avoid taking anything orally except medicines
What to do for faster recovery after hernia treatment?
The post-surgery recovery period is a crucial time for the patient. Immediately after the surgery, you will be kept under observation for 24 hours to monitor body functions. The patient is encouraged to move around and be discharged within 24 hours.
The doctor will give you specific instructions to follow during the recovery phase to speed up the healing process.
- A specific diet is given to avoid complications after the surgery.
- Medicines are prescribed to ensure that the patient can bear the post-surgery pain.
- The surgeon will suggest you keep the dressing clean and change them if needed.
- Resume physical activities only when you are comfortable.
- Make sure that you don’t strain yourself by exercising or lifting heavyweights.
- Follow-up with the doctor to ensure that recovery is going well
How to prevent recurrence of hernia?
The chances of recurrence after laparoscopic hernia treatment are almost negligible. The advanced treatment allows the surgeons to repair hernia permanently. Still, if you want to make sure that hernia doesn’t occur twice, then follow these tips:
- Avoid constipation by taking fiber-rich diet
- Don’t let cough become chronic
- Avoid strain during urination or bowel movements
- Maintain a healthy weight and exercise regularly to strengthen the muscles.
Preparation before hernia surgery
- Preparation before hernia surgery includes medical evaluation, chest x-ray, and certain specific tests depending on your overall health and medical conditions.
- After consultation with your doctor, discussing the benefits and possible complications of the surgery, you will need to give written consent for the surgery.
- It's recommended that you take the shower the night before or the morning of the surgery.
- If you face problems such as difficulties moving your bowels or anemia - similar preparation may be used after consulting with your doctor.
- If you take drugs such as aspirin, blood thinners, anti-inflammatory medications (arthritis medications), and certain vitamins, they should be stopped for the first few days of your surgery.
- Keep your stomach empty. Don't eat anything not even water after midnight or the night before your hernia surgery. The risk of developing complications increases during or after your surgery if you eat or drink anything before the surgery.
- You can take the medicines that your doctor has told are permissible to take with a sip of water the morning of the surgery.
- Arrange someone for help after your surgery. Plan to have someone who can drive you home post-surgery.
- Quit or reduce smoking and consuming alcohol and arrange for any help that you may need at home.
By keeping all the above-mentioned points, you can easily prepare for hernia surgery and ensure it to be successful.
When to call or meet your doctor after hernia surgery
After undergoing hernia surgery, you may notice slight drainage, bruising, or slight swelling around the incision. However, this is normal and you don’t need to worry about it. Likewise, it's also normal to have a lump or hardness under or near the incision. You may also have bruising and some swelling of the genitalia, which is not uncommon.
However, call your doctor immediately if you experience any of the following signs or symptoms:-
- Increased incisional pain, bleeding, or redness.
- Inability to urinate within 12 hours
- High fever with chills
- Inability to tolerate diet due to nausea and vomiting that won't go away.
- Foul-smelling discharge from the incision area
- Chest pain or shortness of breath
- Excessive swelling around the incision or in the scrotum
Factors deciding the overall cost of hernia surgery
The average cost of hernia surgery ranges between Rs. 30,000 to Rs. 100000. However, this is not a fixed cost. Several factors affect the final cost of hernia surgery such as:-
- 01. Type of hernia There are six types of hernia known as inguinal hernia, umbilical hernia, femoral hernia, hiatal hernia, epigastric hernia, and incisional hernia. The type of hernia you are suffering from also determines the overall cost of your surgery.
- 02. Type of surgery Hernia surgery is mainly done in two ways known as open surgery and laparoscopic surgery. The average cost of open surgery for a hernia in Delhi ranges between Rs. 30,000 to 60,000. The average cost of laparoscopic surgery for a hernia in Delhi ranges between Rs. 50,000 to 100000.
- 03. Surgeon's experience A surgeon's experience also plays a significant role in finalizing the overall cost of the surgery. Usually, the fee of an experienced surgeon is way higher than the fee of the surgeon with minimum or no experience.
- 04. Hospitalization Hospitalization can immensely affect the overall cost of hernia surgery. Whether you need hospitalization after hernia surgery or not depends on several factors such as the type of hernia surgery you are undergoing, your overall health, etc. Laparoscopic surgery is a daycare procedure where you don't need hospitalization.
Apart from all the above, many factors are there that significantly affect the overall cost of hernia surgery such as medication post-procedure and follow-up meetings with the surgeon.
Benefits of laparoscopic hernia surgery
Laparoscopic surgery is considered the best method to treat hernia as it's a modern and advanced way to treat the problem. If you are suffering from a hernia and seeking the best and painless treatment in Delhi, you should consider opting for this advanced painless and bloodless procedure.
The following are the top benefits of choosing laparoscopic surgery for hernia treatment.
Small incisions — Laparoscopic surgery involves small incisions. Therefore, the risk of bleeding or infection diminishes. Also, this procedure doesn't result in wounds or scars.
- Laparoscopic surgery is the best procedure if you want to get rid of a hernia without any fear of pain, bleeding, infection, or other complications.
- No risk of complications — During laparoscopic surgery, the surgeon uses a medical instrument called a laparoscope that has a small camera and light on one end.
- With the help of the camera and light, the surgeon sees the inside of the abdomen and performs the surgery precisely, diminishing the risk of complications.
- High success rate — The success rate of laparoscopic hernia surgery is as high as 95-98 percent and the risk of complications is as low as almost zero. However, one thing you should keep in mind is that you choose an experienced and reliable surgeon for laparoscopic hernia surgery.
- Recovery — Above all, the best part of laparoscopic hernia surgery is that it promotes quick, painless, and comfortable recovery unlike open surgery of hernia. You can resume your daily routine within 2-3 days but complete recovery may take around 2-3 weeks.
If you seeking to get rid of your hernia is the safest and way, you can get in touch with Pristyn Care.