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What are Kidney Stones?

Kidney stones are hard deposits of salt and minerals in the kidneys. These stones usually cause immense pain whenever they move or obstruct the urinary tract. Kidney stones differ in size. While some stones can be a few millimetres in size, others can grow to inches. Kidney stones are quite prevalent and can affect both men and women equally. Kidney stones can be divided into four major types- calcium stones, uric acid stones, struvite stones and cystine stones.



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Recurrent Urinary tract infections

Infections in the kidney

Loss of kidney function

Renal failure



Lack of water

Being overweight

Chronic diarrhea

High blood sugar

High animal protein diet

Family history


Severe pain below the ribs, in the side and back

Pain while urinating

Pink, red or brown colored urine

Foul smelling urine

Urinating more than often

Fever and chills


Removing the Kidney stones with a machine


You should reach out to a urologist as soon as you notice the symptoms of kidney stones. The urologist will discuss your medical history to get a better understanding of your condition. The doctor may perform a physical examination and ask you to undergo some imaging tests for the proper diagnosis of the size and the location of the kidney stones.

In addition to imaging tests, the doctor may also conduct some blood and urine tests to get a detailed insight into the condition of your kidney stones.


There are a number of techniques available for the treatment of kidney stones. The modern and effective surgical treatments for kidney stones include laparoscopic treatment, laser treatment and shock wave lithotripsy.

In laparoscopic treatment for kidney stones, the surgeon makes a small incision in the renal pelvis or the ureter, depending upon the location of the kidney stone. A small laparoscopic device is inserted to get a clearer view of the inside of the urinary tract. The kidney stones are then removed through the incision and the incision is closed with minor stitches. It is a minimally invasive procedure and is performed under the administration of anesthesia, which means it is absolutely painless as well.

Laser treatment for kidney stones involves the use of laser energy for breaking the stones into small fragments. The surgeon inserts a device called a ureteroscope into the ureter through the urethra. Then the surgeon looks for the kidney stone and once it is found, high-intensity laser energy is aimed at the stone. The laser energy breaks the stones into small pieces, some of which are removed through a small bucket and the rest are flushed out through the urine.

In shock wave lithotripsy, the doctor uses thousands of shock wave pulses to break the larger stone into smaller pieces. After that, you will be asked to drink a lot of fluids so that the small stone pieces can travel easily through the urinary tract and then eventually get flushed out through the urine.

Why Pristyn Care ?

Pristyn Care is COVID-19 safe

Pristyn Care is COVID-19 safe

Your safety is taken care of by thermal screening, social distancing, sanitized clinics and hospital rooms, sterilized surgical equipment and mandatory PPE kits during surgery.

Assisted Surgery Experience

Assisted Surgery Experience

A dedicated Medical Coordinator assists you throughout the surgery journey from insurance paperwork, to free commute from home to hospital & back and admission-discharge process at the hospital.

Medical Expertise With Technology

Medical Expertise With Technology

Our surgeons spend a lot of time with you to diagnose your condition. You are assisted in all pre-surgery medical diagnostics. We offer advanced laser and laparoscopic surgical treatment. Our procedures are USFDA approved.

Post Surgery Care

Post Surgery Care

We offer free follow-up consultations and instructions including dietary tips as well as exercises to every patient to ensure they have a smooth recovery to their daily routines.

Pristyn Care in Numbers

200K+Happy Patients

Frequently Asked Questions

What kind of doctor should I see for kidney stones disease?


If you are suffering from kidney stones, you can consult with a urologist or a general surgeon. Since kidney stones is a disease associated with the urinary tract, checking with a urologist would be the best decision.

Which is the best kidney stone clinic near me?

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What happens after you reach the hospital for kidney stone treatment?

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What is the kidney stone removal surgery cost?

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What are four types of Kidney Stones surgery?

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How to get rid of multiple stones in the kidneys?

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How much water should I drink with kidney stones?

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Is it safe to undergo laser treatment for kidney stones?

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I am currently suffering from kidney stones. What foods should I eat and avoid?

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Can kidney stones cause infection in the urinary tract?

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Can kidney stones cause damage to the kidneys?

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Facts about Kidney Stones Disease

  1. Kidney stones can be as small as a grain of sand or as big as a golf ball. Some stones can be smooth while others can be snaggy. Some kidney stones can be yellow while some stones can be brown.
  2. Kidney stones are medically known as renal calculi.
  3. It is not necessary that these stones occur only in the kidneys. The stones can develop anywhere in the urinary tract- kidneys, ureters, bladder, urethra.
  4. Once you have one kidney stone, you are likely to have more kidney stones.

What are the different types of kidney stones Disease?

The following are the types of kidney stones-

Calcium Stones

80 percent of people are diagnosed with calcium kidney stones, making it one of the most common types of kidney stones. These kidney stones can be further categorized into two types-

Calcium oxalate- These stones develop when you eat a lot of high-oxalate food such as potato chips, peanuts, chocolate, beets, spinach.

Calcium phosphate- These stones develop due to conditions such as hyperparathyroidism or urinary tract infections.

Uric Acid Stones

Uric acid stones develop in 5-10 percent of people. The risk of developing this type of kidney stones increases due to the following factors-

  • Overweight or obesity
  • Chronic diarrhea
  • Diabetes, especially Type 2
  • Gout
  • A high animal protein diet
  • Eating fewer fruits and vegetables
  • When uric acid (waste matter) does not dissolve in acidic urine, it crystallizes into these stones.

Cystine Stones

These stones develop due to a rare, inherited disorder known as Cystinuria. People suffering from this metabolic disorder have high amounts of cysteine (amino acids) in the urine. These types of stones are more likely to develop in children.

Infection Stones

Around 10 percent of people suffer from this type of kidney stones. These stones are also known as struvite. As the name suggests, these stones develop due to urinary tract infections (UTIs). By the time these stones are diagnosed, they are already large enough as they grow very fast. People who suffer from recurring UTIs or face difficulty while emptying their bladder due to neurologic issues are more prone to developing struvites/infection stones.

What happens in shock wave lithotripsy for kidney stones?

Shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) is one of the most common treatments for kidney stones. In this procedure, shock waves targeted at the kidney stones break the stones into fragments. The process is also known as Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy.

After the stones are broken into tiny pieces or stone dust, it easily passes through urine. 

SWL involves no incisions but the treatment is done under the influence of anesthesia, so that the patient does not feel any pain. The doctor might even conduct the procedure under light sedation. SWL is performed as a daycare procedure and the patient can head home the same day if there are no other complications.

The biggest advantage of SWL is that it can treat kidney stones without any incisions. The hospital stay in the process is very short and the recovery time is much faster.

What happens in laparoscopic kidney stone surgery?

In laparoscopic surgery for kidney stones, the surgeon begins by inducing anesthesia to the patient. The surgeon then makes tiny incisions in the patient and inserts a laparoscope through the incisions. The laparoscope guides the surgeon to the kidney stones which are then removed by the surgeon. 

Laparoscopic surgery for kidney stones is considered to be one of the best treatment for kidney stones due to the following advantages:

  • The patient experiences minimal pain
  • Shortens your hospital stay
  • The patient recovers quickly
  • No risks and complications
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