There are a number of techniques available for the treatment of kidney stones. The most modern and effective surgical treatments for kidney stones include laparoscopic treatment, laser treatment and shock wave lithotripsy.
In laparoscopic treatment for kidney stones, the surgeon makes a small incision in the renal pelvis or the ureter, depending upon the location of the kidney stone. A small laparoscopic device is inserted to get a clearer view of the inside of the urinary tract. The kidney stones are then removed through the incision and the incision is closed with minor stitches. It is a minimally invasive procedure and is performed under the administration of anesthesia, which means it is absolutely painless as well.
Laser treatment for kidney stones involves the use of laser energy for breaking the stones into small fragments. The surgeon inserts a device called an ureteroscope into the ureter through the urethra. Then the surgeon looks for the kidney stone and once it is found, high-intensity laser energy is aimed at the stone. The laser energy breaks the stones into small pieces, some of which are removed through a small bucket and the rest are flushed out through the urine.
In shock wave lithotripsy, the doctor uses thousands of shock wave pulses to break the larger stone into smaller pieces. After that, you will be asked to drink a lot of fluids so that the small stone pieces can travel easily through the urinary tract and then eventually get flushed out through the urine.