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What is IVF Treatment?

In-vitro Fertilization or IVF treatment is a common artificial reproductive procedure that helps couples conceive. As the name suggests, IVF is a reproductive treatment where a female egg is fertilized by the male sperm in a tube or a glass dish, at a specialized infertility lab. The history of IVF dates back to the 19th century. On July 25, 1978, the world's first IVF baby, Louise Joy Brown, was born in Oldham General Hospital, Great Manchester, UK. In 1986, the first test-tube baby in India was born to Mrs. Mani Chawda, a twenty-four-year-old housewife at KEM Hospital Bombay.

Over 8 million IVF children have been born, and over 2.5 million cycles are being performed every year, resulting in over 500,000 deliveries annually.



  • Need for IVF Treatment
  • Who Should Consider IVF Treatment?
  • Types Of IVF Protocols
  • Different Types Of IVF Treatment
  • Benefits of IVF Treatment
  • Why choose Pristyn Care?

Need for IVF Treatment

Damage or blockage in the uterus or fallopian tube

Ovulation disorders


Uterine fibroids

Unexplained infertility

Poor quality of eggs

Low-quality sperm production

Antibodies that destroy sperms or egg

Fertility preservation for cancer

The genetic health condition in male or female


Curing infertility with IVF treatment in chennai


  • Before proceeding with IVF, the fertility specialist may need to do multiple tests to determine the problem. If the couple is planning for IVF or if the fertility doctor thinks IVF can help a couple, he or she would want both the male and female to undergo the following tests.<b> In the case of males, the IVF doctor may recommend the following tests:<b>Semen analysis - The IVF specialist may need to evaluate the sperm and the semen samples of the male. The man can produce the semen by masturbating semen is generally collected in the lab in a clean container. The semen is then sent to the lab for analysis which helps the doctor evaluate the quality, quantity, and motility of the sperm.
  • Hormone testing - The doctor may recommend doing a blood test to evaluate the level of testosterone and other male hormones in his body.
  • Vasography - Vasography is an imaging test that is done to check for any damage or blockage in the vas deferens, which is a long tube in males that connects the pelvic cavity to the epididymis.
  • Imaging tests - The male may also be suggested to undergo imaging tests such as ultrasound or MRI of his genitals to confirm if there is a presence of any abnormalities.
  • Genetic testing - Genetic test determines whether there's a genetic defect that might contribute to infertility-related problems in a male.<b>In the case of the female, the IVF specialist may recommend the following tests:<b>Imaging tests - Imaging tests like pelvic ultrasound are mostly recommended to identify if there is any abnormality in the uterus or the ovaries of the women.
  • Ovulation testing - Ovulation testing is done through a blood test that can help determine whether you are ovulating or not.
  • Test for ovarian reserve - Ovarian testing helps the doctor determine the number of eggs available in the ovaries. To evaluate your ovarian reserve, the IVF specialist may require testing your hormones at the beginning of your menstrual cycle.
  • Hysteroscopy - In hysteroscopy, the doctor inserts a flexible, thin lighted medical instrument through the cervix of the woman to view inside her uterus and check if any abnormality is present that is preventing her from getting pregnant.

IVF Treatment explained step by step

  • Step 1: Beginning of IVF treatmentThe IVF treatment journey begins with the doctor determining the best time during your menstrual cycle. IVF treatment requires several eggs to mature.
  • Step 2: Ovarian stimulationOvarian stimulation is the first and the most important step of the process where the doctor stimulates the ovaries to promote the growth of the follicles that contain the eggs. The common hormones that are used to stimulate the follicles are Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) and Luteinizing Hormone (LH). Once injected, the IVF doctor along with the team monitors how the ovaries respond to the medications.
  • Step 3: Trigger InjectionsOnce the doctor sees that the egg follicles in the ovaries are enough, the doctor would stop the LH and FSH injections and would recommend the time when you need to administer trigger injections. The trigger injection includes injecting human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) to mature the eggs and help them get released from the ovarian follicle wall.
  • Step 4: Egg retrieval Egg retrieval or 'egg picking stage’ is a daycare procedure, done under general anesthesia. During the procedure, the doctor inserts a fine needle with an ultrasound-guided probe through the vaginal canal of the woman to retrieve her mature eggs. The procedure generally does not take more than 30 minutes. On average, 8-15 eggs are collected during this process. Once the eggs are retrieved, the patient is allowed to go home and rest. It is best if the patient is accompanied by her partner or someone else who can help her drive and reach home safely.
  • Step 5: Sperm collectionAfter retrieving/ collecting the eggs, the IVF doctor will need to collect the sperm from the male partner. At this stage, the male partner will be asked to produce his semen specimen. Every IVF lab will have a dedicated room where the male can masturbate and give his sperm/ semen specimen. The male partner can produce his semen specimen at home or at the clinic where the semen specimen would be stored. In case the couple wants to use donor sperm or frozen sperm, the IVF team will get it ready in the lab.<b>The collected sperm sample is washed with medicine under a microscope to get rid of all sorts of dirt and debris. This cleansing is done to find out the healthiest sperm that can fertilize the eggs. A perfect healthy sperm is one that is not very long and not too short either, not too fat or not too thin.Step 6: FertilizationOnce the sperm is washed and concentrated, it is placed in an incubator along with the eggs for fertilization. The process is very similar to that of natural fertilization where ‘sperm meets eggs’ inside a human body.
  • Step 7: Embryo developmentThe eggs that would be fertilized by the egg would then turn into an embryo. The IVF specialist will collect the embryo, place it in a special incubator and monitor its growth for the next 4-6 days. The developed embryo would be mixed with amino acids to its growth. If the growth of the embryo is consistent, it is likely to turn into a 4-8 cell embryo by the 4th day.
  • Step 8: Embryo transferEmbryo transfer refers is a process where the developed embryo is transferred from the incubator and implanted in the uterine wall. This process is quick, does not take more than 20 minutes, and can be done at the clinic of the doctor. During the process, the woman would be asked to lie down on her back and spread her legs. The doctor will collect the embryo with a very soft, flexible, and thin catheter. Using a speculum, the doctor will open the cervix and insert the catheter through the cervix into the uterus to plant the embryo.
  • An abdominal ultrasound is conducted to make sure that the tip of the catheter places the embryo at the best location for the embryo implantation. After the embryo transplant is over, the woman is allowed to head home.
  • Step 9: Pregnancy checkThe woman would be called to the clinic after 2 weeks for a blood test. If the blood test shows the presence of hCG in it, the pregnancy is successful. If the results are positive, the doctor would suggest the best pregnancy care tips to the woman and encourage her to limit strenuous physical activities. If the blood test does not show the presence of hCG, it indicates that the pregnancy is not successful. In that case, the doctor may either repeat the entire process once again or may determine another line of treatment.

Why Pristyn Care ?

Pristyn Care is COVID-19 safe

Pristyn Care is COVID-19 safe

Your safety is taken care of by thermal screening, social distancing, sanitized clinics and hospital rooms, sterilized surgical equipment and mandatory PPE kits during surgery.

Assisted Surgery Experience

Assisted Surgery Experience

A dedicated Medical Coordinator assists you throughout the surgery journey from insurance paperwork, to free commute from home to hospital & back and admission-discharge process at the hospital.

Medical Expertise With Technology

Medical Expertise With Technology

Our surgeons spend a lot of time with you to diagnose your condition. You are assisted in all pre-surgery medical diagnostics. We offer advanced laser and laparoscopic surgical treatment. Our procedures are USFDA approved.

Post Surgery Care

Post Surgery Care

We offer free follow-up consultations and instructions including dietary tips as well as exercises to every patient to ensure they have a smooth recovery to their daily routines.

Pristyn Care in Numbers

200K+Happy Patients

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the cost of IVF treatment in Chennai?


IVF treatment cost in Chennai may range from INR 1,05,000 to INR 5,00,000. Under normal conditions, each cycle of IVF treatment in Chennai may cost you anywhere between INR 1,00,000 to INR 1,25,000. If a couple seeks IVF because of reproductive health issues like ovulation problems, tubal causes, sperm-related issues, the cost of each IVF may range from INR 1,00,000 to INR 1,30,000 in India. But if the reason for infertility is unexplained, the cost may go slightly higher until the cause is determined.

Is IVF treatment covered under insurance?

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Is IVF a safe and effective treatment for all women?

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What are the medicines used in IVF?

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Can stress affect the outcomes of IVF treatment?

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Which is the best IVF center near me?

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Where can I find the best fertility specialist in Chennai?

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Which is the best clinic for IVF treatment in Chennai?

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Can I consult with Pristyn Care fertility specialists online?

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How to collect sperm for IVF?

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Can I travel after IVF?

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Can I select the gender of the baby with IVF?

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Lifestyle tips to follow for IVF success

For a woman undergoing IVF, every small and big lifestyle habit can play a significant role. From the diet she consumes to the way she lives her life, everything makes a difference.

  • Have good fats - According to a study conducted by the Harvard School of Public Health, consuming a diet rich in monounsaturated fats helps women trying to get pregnant through IVF achieve successful results. These foods not only improve fertility but also help in the growth and development of the fetus. Some foods rich in monounsaturated fats are – nuts, avocados, olive oil, sunflower oil etc.
  • Say no to alcohol, smoking, and caffeine - Alcohol can affect the normal functioning of the fetus. Women who are trying to conceive should avoid alcohol at all costs. Smoking may severely affect the health of the eggs and sperm. Smoking can cut down your chances of conception through IVF. Consuming more than 200 mg of caffeine per day can also affect the health of the baby.
  • Maintain a healthy weight - Overnight or underweight - neither is good for a healthy pregnancy nor the health of the baby. If you are on either end of the weight spectrum, make necessary changes and achieve a healthy weight. Eat a healthy diet, include cardio as your basic lifestyle habit. Doing so will increase your chances of a successful IVF.
  • Get enough sleep - Sleep is one the most important factors that decide the success or failure of IVF treatment. 7-8 hours of sound sleep every day is necessary for best outcomes through IVF. Keep electronic gadgets away from your body during sleep hours. Getting sound sleep in a dark environment is believed to regulate the melatonin in the body which can improve the mental and emotional well-being of the mother.

What happens after embryo transfer in IVF? - A brief guide

Embryo transfer is the last phase of IVF where the fertilized embryo is transferred and implanted into the uterus of the female. After embryo transfer, your IVF doctor will ask you to stay at the clinic for some time before allowing you to go home. You should ideally wait for two weeks before going for a pregnancy test.

Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG) hormones usually take two weeks to form. After a week of conception, the hCG levels are high enough to be detected in your bloodstream to conclude your pregnancy results. Especially after two week period, HCG levels begin to double every three days. The levels of HCG quickly escalate after 8-11 weeks of your conception.

Once the pregnancy is confirmed, the doctor would guide on the lifestyle and dietary tips that need to be followed for the next 9 months' journey.

Consult with Pristyn Care fertility specialist in Chennai for successful IVF treatment

  • Pristyn Care, Chennai is one of the best fertility healthcare centers that work with some of the top IVF specialists/ fertility specialists of the country who have years of experience in leading couples to the joys of parenthood.
  • Pristyn Care in Chennai is associated with top hospitals and IVF labs in Chennai that are equipped with state-of-the-art facilities required to perform advanced IVF procedures.
  • Our IVF doctors understand that the entire process is more than just a treatment for any couple who is holding on to the hope of becoming parents.
  • IVF specialists working with Pristyn Care, Chennai do a thorough consultation in the case of every patient to understand their problems, evaluate their health condition, and then determine the treatment method that will work best.
  • Pristyn Care makes sure that the team is there for the patient throughout the treatment course. It is not just a treatment for us, it is a path to your happiness, where every person involved works as a team.
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