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About Diabetic Retinopathy Treatment

Diabetic retinopathy can be effectively managed using corticosteroid injections, laser surgery, and vitrectomy. Though there is no cure for diabetic retinopathy, these treatments can prevent vision loss due to the condition.
At Pristyn Care, we provide best-in-class treatment for diabetic retinopathy in Chennai. As diabetic retinopathy is one of the most common causes of blindness in India, it is very important to address the problem at the right time. You can contact Pristyn Care and book your free appointment with the best eye doctors in Chennai.

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Overview

Diabetic Retinopathy-Overview
Causes
  • Gestational diabetes
  • Type 1 diabetes
  • Type 2 diabetes
Symptoms
  • Spots or floaters
  • Blurry vision
  • Dark or empty areas in the vision
  • Fluctuating vision
  • Vision loss
  • Blurry vision
Risk Factors
  • Poor management of blood sugar level
  • Tobacco use
  • High cholesterol
  • Pregnancy
  • Having diabetes for a very long time
  • High blood pressure
Complications
  • Retinal detachment
  • Vitreous hemorrhage
  • Glaucoma
  • Blindness
Problems Related to Diabetic Retinopathy
  • Diabetic Macular Edema (DME)
  • Diabetic Macular Edema (DME)
  • Neovascular Glaucoma
Doctor-performing-Diabetic Retinopathy-surgery-in-Chennai

Diabetic Retinopathy Treatment

Diagnosis of Diabetic Retinopathy 

To diagnose diabetic retinopathy, the eye doctor will perform a comprehensive dilated eye exam. Eye drops are used to dilate the pupils so that the doctor can get a better view of the eyes. After dilation, the doctor may use the following techniques- 

  • Fluorescein Angiography – A dye is injected into a vein in your arm or elbow. The flow of the dye is observed through images as it reaches the back of the eye. A camera is also used to take images that will pinpoint the blood vessels that are closed, broken, or leaking. 
  • Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT)- This test produces cross-sectional images of the retina to measure the thickness of the retina. With this, the doctor can determine how much fluid has leaked into the retinal tissue. The test also helps to monitor the effectiveness of the treatment. 

Based on the results of diagnostic tests, the most suitable treatment method is suggested by the doctor among injections, laser treatment, and vitrectomy. 

Diabetic Retinopathy Treatment

Based on the method chosen for a particular patient, the treatment will involve the following- 

  • Injections– There are two drugs approved by the USFDA for the management of diabetic retinopathy. The first one is corticosteroids, and the second one is anti-VEGF (vascular endothelial growth factor). These injections help to slow down the growth of abnormal blood vessels in the retina. 
  • Laser Treatment- Also known as photocoagulation, this method ablates the abnormally growing blood vessels in the retina. The focal laser is used in the procedure to burn the blood vessels to prevent further vision loss. 
  • Vitrectomy– It is a surgical procedure used to remove blood from the vitreous and the scar tissues from the retina through a tiny incision. 

All these treatments are effective for a diabetic retinopathy patient. 

Why Pristyn Care?

Delivering Seamless Surgical Experience in India

01.

Pristyn Care is COVID-19 safe

Your safety is taken care of by thermal screening, social distancing, sanitized clinics and hospital rooms, sterilized surgical equipment and mandatory PPE kits during surgery.

02.

Assisted Surgery Experience

A dedicated Care Coordinator assists you throughout the surgery journey from insurance paperwork, to free commute from home to hospital & back and admission-discharge process at the hospital.

03.

Medical Expertise With Technology

Our surgeons spend a lot of time with you to diagnose your condition. You are assisted in all pre-surgery medical diagnostics. We offer advanced laser and laparoscopic surgical treatment. Our procedures are USFDA approved.

04.

Post Surgery Care

We offer free follow-up consultations and instructions including dietary tips as well as exercises to every patient to ensure they have a smooth recovery to their daily routines.

Pristyn Care in Numbers

2M+

Happy Patients

150+

Clinics

45+

Cities

150K+

Surgeries

400+

Doctors

800+

Hospitals

Frequently Asked Questions about Diabetic Retinopathy

What is the first sign of diabetic retinopathy?

The symptoms of diabetic retinopathy often develop in moderate or severe cases. Some of the initial symptoms that appear are floaters, blurriness, difficulty in perceiving colors, and dark areas of vision. 

 

Can diabetic retinopathy be reversed?

No. In some cases, anti-VEGF injections can slow down the advancement of diabetic retinopathy and prevent vision loss. The injection can stop the formation of new blood vessels that damage the eyes. The steroid injections can also help. If the condition continues to progress, then laser treatment or surgery is used. 

 

How long does diabetic retinopathy take to develop?

Typically, it takes 5 to 10 years to develop diabetic retinopathy. But, there is no guarantee that an individual can’t be affected earlier than expected. Uncontrolled blood sugar can lead to the early onset of diabetic retinopathy and other retinal pathologies in the patient, even if clear symptoms are not present. That’s why diabetic patients are strictly told to manage the condition and get regular checkups. 

Do all patients with diabetic retinopathy need surgery?

No. Surgical treatment, i.e., vitrectomy, is recommended for patients in whom diabetic retinopathy has advanced to the proliferative stage. Until this stage, the condition is usually managed with anti-growth or steroid injections and laser treatment. 

How much does diabetic retinopathy treatment cost in Chennai?

The cost of diabetic retinopathy in Chennai can vary from Rs. 22,000 to Rs. 80,000 approximately, depending primarily on the method of treatment. The cost of different treatment methods are- 

  • Anti-VEGF and steroid injections- Rs. 22,000 to Rs. 45,000 approx. 
  • Laser treatment (focal or panretinal)- Rs. 30,000 to Rs. 50,000 approx. 
  • Retinal Surgery or vitrectomy- Rs. 60,000 to Rs. 80,000 approx. 

 

Is diabetic retinopathy treatment in Chennai covered by health insurance?

Yes, diabetic retinopathy treatment in Chennai is covered by health insurance. It is a medically necessary treatment to prevent vision loss. Thus, all insurance providers offer ample coverage for both medical and surgical treatment. 

 

Does Pristyn Care accept all insurances to cover diabetic retinopathy surgery cost in Chennai?

Yes, at Pristyn Care, we accept all health insurance to cover the cost of diabetic retinopathy treatment. We gather the necessary documents from the patients and our insurance support team handles the paperwork related to claim approval. 

 

What is the success rate of diabetic retinopathy treatment at Pristyn Care?

The success rate of diabetic retinopathy treatment at Pristyn Care is usually higher than 90%. For each patient, the success rate varies slightly based on the severity of the condition and treatment method. 

 

Can diabetic retinopathy recur after surgical treatment?

The recurrence rate of diabetic retinopathy is significantly high. Diabetic retinopathy is caused by uncontrolled diabetes and there is no cure for diabetes. Thus, even after treatment, if the condition goes out of control, it will again lead to the development of diabetes-related conditions, including diabetic retinopathy, diabetic macular edema, retinal detachment, etc. 

 

Get Optimal Treatment of Diabetic Retinopathy in Chennai at Pristyn Care

At Pristyn Care, we provide the best diabetic retinopathy treatment in Chennai. Our wide range of services includes all-inclusive retinal care. Thus, we provide optimal treatment for diabetic retinopathy, retinal detachment, and diabetes-related glaucoma. 

Our experienced eye doctors conduct a comprehensive eye examination to detect the severity of diabetic retinopathy to devise a treatment plan. By using the best techniques, we provide both medical and surgical treatment options to our patients. 

If you are a diabetic person with vision problems, book your free appointment with the best eye doctors in Chennai and consult them to manage diabetic retinopathy. 

Stages of Diabetic Retinopathy 

Due to excessive levels of blood sugar, the blood vessels that nourish the retina gets blocked. Hence, the retina’s blood supply is cut off. In turn, the eye attempts to grow new blood vessels that don’t develop properly and start leaking. This phenomenon is termed diabetic retinopathy, which occurs in the following stages- 

  • Mild Nonproliferative Retinopathy- This is the earliest stage where tiny blood vessels in the retina start to change and swell, leading to microaneurysms. Fluid may also start to leak out from the vessels into the retina. 
  • Moderate Nonproliferative Retinopathy– As the condition progresses, the blood vessels responsible for keeping the retina healthy start to swell and change shape. The blood circulation to the retina stops and it changes the structure internally. These swollen blood vessels can trigger diabetic macular edema. 
  • Severe Nonproliferative Retinopathy- In this stage, the blood vessels entirely get blocked and fresh blood supply stops. In the areas where the blood supply is halted, a special protein called growth factors activates to grow new blood vessels. 
  • Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy- This is the most serious and advanced stage of diabetic retinopathy. New blood vessels start to grow in the retina and vitreous humor. These new blood vessels are fragile and lead to the formation of scar tissues that can detach the retina from the back of the eye (retinal detachment). If the new blood vessels interfere with or prevent the normal outflow of the eye fluids, it can cause pressure buildup that can damage the optic nerve, leading to glaucoma. In both scenarios of retinal detachment and glaucoma, the results can be permanent blindness. 

To preserve your vision, it is crucial that you get your eyes checked frequently, especially if it is difficult for you to manage diabetes. 

How to prevent diabetic retinopathy?

Typically, it’s not always possible to prevent diabetic retinopathy. However, you can take certain measures to prevent the condition from progressing and resulting in vision loss. 

Here are some things you should do- 

  • Always manage your diabetes. Eat healthy foods and include physical activities in your daily routine. Also, take oral diabetes medications or insulin as directed by your doctor. 
  • Monitor your blood sugar levels. Check the levels multiple times a day, especially if you are sick or under stress. 
  • Ask the doctor for a glycosylated hemoglobin test. Also known as the hemoglobin A1C test, this test is used to predict the average blood sugar levels over a 2 to 3-month period. The levels should be under 7%. 
  • Keep your blood pressure and cholesterol in control. To do this, try losing excess weight, eat healthy foods, and consult your doctor if some medications can be prescribed to keep the BP and cholesterol regulated. 
  • Quit smoking or tobacco use completely, as smoking can increase the risk of diabetes complications, including diabetic retinopathy. 
  • Always pay attention to your vision. You should get your eyes checked whenever you notice vision changes or other problems like blurriness, spotty, or hazy vision. 

You should take an active role in diabetes management to reduce the chances of developing diabetic retinopathy and other diabetes-related eye problems. 

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