Uterine fibroid also called as myomas or leiomyomas is a noncancerous tumor of a woman’s uterus (womb) that commonly forms during childbearing years of a woman's life. These tumors may grow singly or in clusters within the wall of the uterus or get attached to it. Uterine fibroids are the most general form of tumors in the uterus and can lead to excess bleeding during menstruation, pain in the pelvic region, and recurrent urination. Women are most vulnerable to uterine fibroids at the age of 40s and early 50s. In rare cases, it may lead to cancer known as uterine sarcoma.
Symptoms you may notice
- Excessive menstrual flow with blood clots.
- Occasional bleeding when not menstruating.
- The recurrent urge for urination.
- Bloating in the abdominal area.
- Pelvic pain and cramping
- Sexual intercourse can be painful.
Factors associated with the growth of fibroids
- Being obese or overweight can be a cause.
- Not been pregnant
- Menstruation before the age of 10
- More likely in African American woman
Some less known facts
- The growth of fibroids is the leading cause of removal of the uterus. This procedure is called hysterectomy.
- Fibroids are tumors that start in the muscle tissues of the uterus. They can grow inside the uterine cavity, attached to a uterine wall or on the surface of the uterus.
- Uterine fibroids are muscle tissue and not fibrous tissue. The medical term for a fibroid is leiomyoma.
- Scores of hysterectomies: It is the surgical removal of the uterus. A uterine fibroid is the leading cause of removal of the uterus. This surgical treatment is only recommended when fibroids are very painful and other treatment options fail.
- Myomectomy: It is a surgical procedure for removing uterine fibroids.
- Hormone therapy: It is used to shrink the fibroid.
- Uterine Fibroid Embolization: This treatment hinders blood supply to the fibroid causing it to shrink.
- Ultrasound: This technique is used to destroy the fibroids.
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