Know Difference Between PCOS and PCOD

Do you think PCOS and PCOD are the same? Are you using it interchangeably? Do not do that! Note that they both are completely different health conditions. PCOS stands for PolyCystic Ovarian Syndrome while PCOS means PolyCystic Ovarian Disease. Although there are common symptoms that may confuse women about the problem, several significant differences too.

What is PCOS? (PolyCystic Ovarian Syndrome)

In general terms, the ovaries produce high levels of androgen (male hormones) than normal in girls with PCOS. There is an abnormal growth of follicle cysts. Therefore, the eggs stop developing while some develop in the cyst (a sac filled with fluid). These eggs do not release during ovulation but start building up in the ovaries and gradually increase in size. This leads to hair loss, excessive body hair, acne, infertility and excess weight gain. 

The number of patients with PCOS is lesser as compared to PCOD. Also, women with PCOS are under higher risk of mood swings, diabetes, cardiovascular problems or endometrial cancer. Therefore, it is very important to consult a gynecologist from time to time for regular check-ups.

Diagnosis of PCOS

  • Ultrasound imaging test
  • Blood test to find out the levels of male hormones in the body
  • Irregular periods

You must know what to eat when you have PCOS or consult a gynecologist to know more about PCOS.

What is PCOD? (PolyCystic Ovarian Disease)

This is a situation that arises due to hormonal imbalance in which ovaries contain immature eggs. In this condition, there are multiple cysts in the ovaries. Stress, obesity and improper lifestyle give birth to PCOD. Even heredity may be one of the reasons for PCOD. Usually, there is no infertility problem in the case of PCOD. With the help of lifestyle changes, a woman can retain the ability to ovulate on regular intervals. 

Diagnosis of PCOD

Get an ultrasound of the ovaries if you notice any symptoms such as weight gain, irregular periods or male pattern hair loss. 

Here are some important facts about PCOD:

  1. 60% of women entering gynecology clinic or skin care clinic suffer from PCOD
  2. It is not just restricted to ovaries but may also affect overall health
  3. Constant fatigue can also be a sign of PCOD
  4. PCOD is not about obesity, even lean women can suffer from PCOD

What is the difference between PCOS and PCOD?

PCOS

PCOD

PolyCystic Ovarian Syndrome PolyCystic Ovarian Disease
Serious problem with a metabolic disorder You can treat PCOD with diet improvement and exercise
It is not a common problem but majorly affects women of reproductive age It is widely known and suffered problem in women of childbearing age
Ovaries develop a large number of follicles that may cause hormonal imbalance resulting in irregular periods  Develop ovarian cysts a result of a normal menstrual cycle
Women with PCOS have a higher risk of developing diseases such as high blood pressure, diabetes, obesity, endometrial cancer There is no such severity in case of PCOD
There may be a problem in conceiving for women with PCOS  Women with PCOD can still ovulate and can conceive successfully. 
PCOS show early symptoms:

  • Irregular or no periods
  • Acne and obesity 
  • Infertility
  • Growth of male hormones
  • Enlarged ovaries
  • Abnormally increasing follicles
PCOD symptoms are:

  • Irregular periods
  • Thinning of hair
  • Weight gain

Nutshell

Finally, both PCOS and PCOD are ovarian problems with irregular periods as a common symptom. They are a result of severe hormonal imbalance. But they are different Therefore, get a healthy diet and exercise regularly to prevent PCOS and PCOD. Lifestyle changes can make a big difference to help you regulate your menstrual cycle and decrease your blood glucose level. Also, ensure a regular health checkup from a gynecologist for a stable and happy life. Moreover, early diagnosis can be helpful in such cases to spare you from long term consequences of PCOS and PCOD.

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