Gallstone Size Chart And Associated Risks of Gallbladder Cancer

The gallbladder is a pear-shaped organ that is situated in your abdomen region. Its function is to aid in digestion. After eating, the gallbladder releases bile which will help in digestion. Then it reaches the small intestine by passing through small tubular channels.

Gallbladder Surgery

Gallbladder surgery is a commonly performed surgery. The surgery does not affect digestion in the majority of the people. Doctors usually recommend surgery when the stones found in the gallbladder slip into other organs. Let us see more about gallstones and understand why they pose a problem.

Gallstones and associated risks

  • Gallbladder problems are usually caused due to the presence of small stones formed due to cholesterol and bile salts in the gallbladder or in the bile duct. These stones are called gallstones.
  • Gallstones are more commonly seen in older people. Other risk factors are being overweight and prior to pregnancy. Also, gallstones are common in females than in males.
  • So far, there hasn’t been any well-known method to prevent gallstones.
  • As mentioned earlier, the gallbladder has to release the bile to aid digestion. However, with the presence of gallstones, this flow may be blocked, resulting in the swelling of the gallbladder. This leads to pain in the abdomen, vomiting, ingestion and also fever in some cases.

Also ReadGallbladder Cancer Causes and Early Symptoms

The Medical Term for Gallbladder Surgery is Cholecystectomy.

Types of Cholecystectomy

There are 2 types of cholecystectomy:

Laparoscopic cholecystectomy

In this minimally invasive procedure, the doctor makes 4 incisions on your abdomen through which he/she inserts a tube with lights and camera and surgical tools to take out your gallbladder.

minimally invasive procedure

Open Cholecystectomy

A large incision will be made on your gallbladder where the gallbladder and liver are exposed.

made on your gallbladder

Causes of gallstones

Too much cholesterol in your bile

Your bile has chemicals which dissolve the cholesterol. But, if the cholesterol is in excess, they can form into crystals that turn into stones.

dissolve the cholesterol

Excess bilirubin

Bilirubin forms when your body breaks down the RBCs. However, when there’s too much bilirubin produced, it adds to the formation of gallstones.

much bilirubin produced

Excess bile

When your gallbladder doesn’t empty properly, the bile might concentrate and turn into gallstones.

gallbladder doesn’t empty properly

Types of Gallstones

Cholesterol stones

These are yellowish-green in color. These compose due to the hardening of cholesterol. Eighty percent of gallstones are of this kind. These are formed due to the reasons mentioned above.

composed of cholesterol

Pigment stones

These stones are small and dark in color. They form due to the presence of excess bilirubin. People with liver cirrhosis usually develop this type of gallstones.

small and dark in color

Mixed stones

These stones consist of both cholesterol stones and pigment stones.

cholesterol stones and pigment stones

Risk Factors Of Developing Gallstones

The chances of developing stones in the gallbladder increases with age. People who are above 40 are more susceptible to developing gallstones. Some factors that increase the risk of developing gallstones are-

  • Family history of developing gallstones
  • Being overweight or obese
  • Suffering from diabetes
  • Suffering from high blood pressure
  • Consuming alcohol regularly
  • Have the habit of smoking
  • Young women 
  • Women with multiple pregnancies
  • Long term use of contraceptive pills 

Gallstone Size and Risk of Developing Gallbladder Cancer

Gallstones are a major indicator of gallbladder cancer. When the doctors diagnose the presence of gallstones, this is why doctors recommend its removal. There are speculations that people with large gallstones are at a greater risk of gallbladder cancer. However, there is no confirmation on the study with data analysis.

major indicator of gallbladder cancer

Although there have been findings of relation between gallstone size and cancer, it is not a reliable source. You need to let your GP decide whether you need surgery or not.

Also ReadGallbladder Cancer Survival Rate | Gallbladder Cancer Life Expectancy

Pristyn Care Provides Best Gallstone Treatment in:


What is considered a large gallstone?
Gallstones are present in 80% of the people with gallbladder cancer but is not considered dangerous until the size of gallstone is about 3cm in diameter
What causes large gallstones?
When cholesterol particles begin to cluster together one over the other, they end forming a gallstone. They grow in size as bile from gallbladder washes over it.
How can I heal my gallbladder without surgery?
It may be possible if you exercise regularly to get your cholesterol level low, make dietary changes, drinking enough water, apple cider vinegar, increasing the amount of turmeric
Is a gallbladder surgery major?
No, Laparoscopic surgery to remove gallstones called cholecystectomy is common surgery involving temporary problems such as digestion. As the gallbladder is removed, your body may take a day or two to adjust but it will. It is a 40-minute procedure and minimally invasive.
Is laproscopic surgery a safe option?
Yes, it is one of the safest procedures carried out. It has become the most common way to remove gallstones from gallbladder. In Laproscopic procedure, gallbladder is removed for gallstones removal. But do not worry, it is safe and comfortable to live without a gallbladder.

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