What is Obesity?
When a person has too much of fat deposited in his body, such a condition is called Obesity. It is generally measured by the height-to-weight ratio and is called BMI (Body Mass Index). When a person’s BMI comes out to be 30 or above, the person is considered obese.
Obesity increases the risk of following heart problems
- High blood pressure
- Diabetes (Also Read: What diet Can Reduce Diabetes? )
- Coronary artery disease
- Sleep apnea
- Fertility disorders.
Before going further deep into the risks of obesity in women, you must be aware of the conditions that lead to obesity.
Major causes of obesity:
- Genetics or family factor
- No physical activity
- Unhealthy eating habits
It is wise to understand the risks after knowing the causes of obesity. Fertility issues are among the major health problems caused by obesity in women. Being overweight or obese can have adverse effects on the menstrual cycle of the woman. Complications in the menstrual cycle can contribute to the risk of infertility. Irregular, heavy and painful menstruation is a common problem in obese women. Obesity can also lower the level of Sex hormone-binding globulin in the body. This protein is responsible for regulating the sex hormones in the body.
Obesity triggers a hormonal imbalance in the body. When fat cells start producing excess estrogen, it builds a heavy uterine wall that disintegrates during periods. This results in bleeding that may last for weeks, making it difficult to engage in sexual intercourse.
Complications due to Obesity during pregnancy:
- Repeated Miscarriages
- Higher chances of stillbirth
- Deformed baby because of excess abdominal fat
- Difficulty in the normal vaginal delivery
- Gestational Diabetes
- High blood pressure during pregnancy
- Sleep apnea (Irregular breathing while sleeping)
- Preterm delivery
- Neural tube defects (defects of the brain and spinal cord) in the baby
It is highly recommended to exercise and have a balanced diet to lose weight. Losing excess weight will decrease fertility risks as well. Keeping the body weight under control also helps in coping with PCOS where the body is more prone to gain more weight.
Insulin resistance in the body increases with the excess of fat. The resistance for insulin in the body increases as the fat increases. Thereby, the chances of type 2 diabetes (blood sugar level) increases.
Tips to get rid of obesity
Include stretching, brisk walking and running in your exercise routine. Along with the regular exercises, you should also have a fiber-rich and low-fat diet. Do not completely cut off the fat, reduce the amount of carbs intake and sweat it out. This will surely bring out a major improvement in your health. Do not skip meals or starve yourself to get rid of the excess weight, it is an unhealthy approach.
One has to be very cautious while exercising during pregnancy, start with the basic exercises and gradually increase the activity time. Consult your doctor first before bringing out any major changes in your routine. This will keep you away from any unexpected complications in pregnancy.
Also Read: 10 Weight Loss Mistakes When You Are Over 40
Weight loss surgery
When the dieting and exercising are not enough to help you in reducing the excess weight, then the final resort is to under a weight loss surgery. The modern advances in the surgical procedures for weight loss have made it convenient to under surgery. Unlike the traditional methods of weight loss surgery. Bariatric surgery is the collective term used for all types of weight loss surgery. Bariatric surgery is performed through laparoscopy at Pristyn Care. The treatment is minimally invasive and ensures the speedy recovery of the patient.
The four types of weight loss surgeries are:
In this surgery, a part of the small intestine is cut short and connected to a small pouch. It does not obstruct the stomach’s connection to the small intestine. The small pouch delivers the food to the distal portion of the small intestine. This results in lesser nutrients and calories absorbed in the body.
Only a small sleeve-like pouch of the stomach remains and the rest of it removed. This banana-shaped stomach holds 1 ½ to 5 ounces. Patients take limited food and low calories diet which can be easily absorbed by the body. Sleeve Gastrectomy helps in improving the metabolic rate and also the overall health.
A Gastric band is set around the stomach directly below the esophagus. A small port is placed into the skin along with a tube attached to the band. The surgeon tightens the band after the surgery. The band contains saline to compress the band around the stomach. Food remains in this area making the patients feel a full stomach and the digestion process is simple.
Mini Gastric bypass
The stomach is divided into a laparoscopic stapler. A new stomach of tube shape formed is detached from the esophagus that and the food does not enter there. A sizable portion of intestines are bypassed and the remaining intestine is joined to the new stomach by the doctor. The digestive process remains simple. This entire procedure takes less than an hour.
To know all about the treatment, you can get in touch with the highly experienced doctor. Our doctors will recommend you some checkups before the surgery for safety purpose. The whole experience for you will be faultless as your good health matters to us. The treatment followed with a proper and healthy lifestyle ensures to get you rid of the health risks, especially fertility risks caused by Obesity.