The practice of urology is a vital component of men’s health care. This specialty mainly focuses on the urinary tract system which encompasses the system responsible for removing and creating the urine from the body, which also includes bladder, kidney, urethra and the reproductive system of men.
Most men will suffer from the urological problem at some point in their lifetime. It can be because of injury, illness, aging or birth defect. When such an issue arrives, it is then important for men to then seek advice and also help from the urologist.
So, following are the 8 conditions that a man may experience and will have to make an appointment with a urologist:
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)
BPH refers to an enlarged prostate which is most common in the older men. This can be troublesome as the prostate which is a walnut-sized gland located between the bladder and penis, which enlarges and cause problems with urination. Symptoms of BPH include:
- Urge to urinate
- Weak urination stream
- Difficulty initiating urination
- The feeling of fullness in the bladder
Erectile dysfunction is a condition in which a man experiences difficulty with getting or maintaining an erection. Experiencing erectile dysfunction once in a few months is totally fine. ED becomes a matter of worry if it becomes regular. Physical and psychological factors contribute to frequent episodes of ED. Physical risk factors for ED include heart disease, obesity, and diabetes. And the psychological factors such as stress, anxiety, and depression can also trigger erectile issues.
This can be treated with testosterone replacement, medication, acupuncture, psychological counseling like losing weight, increasing exercise, reducing stress, and quitting smoking.
Urinary Tract Infection
Urinary tract infections are a very common urological issue in men of any age group. It occurs due to overgrowth of harmful bacteria in the urinary tract. If a man notices burning or painful urination, this is a sign of a urinary tract infection. In some instances, a person suffering from UTI may also experience inability to completely empty the bladder and the presence of blood in the urine.
A urologist will test the urine to make sure if it’s a UTIand to rule out other possible problems. Generally, taking antibiotics will treat the UTI.
Prostatitis is an inflammation of the prostate and a common condition that affects the prostate and a common condition affecting many men. The inflammation of the prostate gland causes plenty of symptoms like painful urination, pain in the abdomen, lower back & pelvic area.
This can be confused with prostatitis with other infections in the urinary tract, which is why it’s better to visit a urologist to see an accurate diagnosis. Antibiotics are usually prescribed for the treatment of prostatitis.
Men having trouble in impregnating their better half may be suffering from infertility. The causes of male infertility could be abnormal sperm production, genetic defects, health problems which include diabetes and because of prior infections such as mumps or etc. Dietary and lifestyle changes can help a lot in improving fertility issues in men.
To get a proper diagnosis, a urologist can determine what the cause of infertility is and medication will depend on the cause. (Also Read:What Are the Types of Male Infertility? )
Vasectomy is basically a surgical procedure for male sterilization. During the procedure, the male vas deferens are sliced off and then tied in a manner to prevent sperm from entering into the urethra and prevent fertilization. Vasectomies are performed in a physician’s office or in a medical clinic.
The second leading cause of death in men is prostate cancer. Prostate cancer begins when the cells in the prostate gland start to grow uncontrollably. Family history, ethnicity, age are some of the risk factors for a man developing this disease.
The key to treating prostate cancer successfully is early detection. They should not dismiss the problem but seek medical advice about the specific symptoms. The treatment can be done via medications and sometimes when the case is out of hand then surgery is required.