But why is it necessary? Endoscopy helps surgeons examine the inside of the digestive tract. The surgeons can also perform minor surgeries, or remove the extra tissue during the procedure.
The camera is in the body that lets the doctor view internal organs or pieces of tissues minutely. It helps the doctor to find out the cause of symptoms. The doctor can also perform endoscopic biopsies or observe the inside of a body area.
The patient is told to stop eating solid foods 12 hours before the endoscopy. In a few cases, water or juice may be allowed up to 2 hours. A doctor will always recommend no smoking or drinking alcohol at least 16 – 20 hours prior to the procedure as it can alter the results.
For endoscopies of the gastrointestinal tract, a patient may be prescribed to take laxatives or enemas a night before. This helps your stomach keep clear for the procedure. Do not wear any jewelry and wear clothes that you are comfortable in. Arrange your ride back home as due to the sedatives you may feel drowsy.
One thing to remember is with new development in technology, endoscopy is constantly advancing. The latest and new generations of endoscopes are coming and they use high-definition imaging with incredible detail.
The details of new & latest endoscopy tests are listed below:
Capsule endoscopy: This procedure may be used when other tests are not conclusive. The patient has to swallow a small pill with a tiny camera inside. The pill passes easily through the digestive tract and it doesn’t cause any discomfort. It generates thousands of images of the intestines as it passes.
ERCP: It combines X-rays with upper GI endoscopy to diagnose problems with the bile and pancreatic ducts, as well as helps in treatment.
Chromoendoscopy: It is a technique that uses a specialized stain on the lining of the intestine. The stain helps the doctor better visualize if there’s anything unusual on the intestinal lining.
Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS): It uses ultrasound with an endoscopy. It allows doctors to see organs and structures that aren’t usually visible during a regular endoscopy. A thin needle may be inserted into the organ or structure to retrieve some tissue for viewing under a microscope. This procedure is called fine-needle aspiration.
Endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR): It is a technique used to help doctors excise cancerous tissue from the digestive tract. A needle is passed through the endoscope to inject a liquid below the abnormal tissue. It separates the cancerous tissue from the other layers for better operation.
Narrowband imaging (NBI): It uses a special filter to develop more contrast between vessels and the mucosa. Mucosa is the inner lining of the digestive tract.
Cost of Endoscopy
Well, as there are various types of tests, the cost varies as per the procedure. In most cases, the coast ranges between Rs. 500 to Rs. 5000. Get in touch with Pristyn Care to get the most advanced and safe endoscopy, with minimal risk chances.
The risks in an endoscopy depend on the type of procedure and the area of the body involved. Read below to check the possible risks of endoscopy.
- Swelling and redness at the site of incision
- Vomiting, or Fever
- Passing dark colored stools
- Uterine bleeding or cervical trauma
Do I need to prepare before an endoscopy?
The procedure also helps treat conditions within its reach. It allows accessory instruments facilitating the doctor to treat many conditions, like the ones mentioned below:
- The doctor can treat conditions such as :
- Stretching areas of narrowing
- Removal of benign growths
- Retrieving accidentally swallowed objects
- Treating gastrointestinal bleeding.
Your healthcare provider will give instructions prior to endoscopy to prepare for it. You can tell the doctor in detail about your medical history, as well as your family’s medical history. If you have any medical conditions such as heart disease, diabetes, or any allergies.
Also, inform your doctor if you take blood thinners, vitamins, multi-vitamins, or OTC medications prior to the procedure.
The doctor asks the patient to stop taking blood thinner medications for a few days. You need to be sure before you take the procedure. Stay clear of all possible risks or if it will hurt you. It is normal to have such fears and questions before treatment. Clear all your doubts from your doctor in advance.
When do you need endoscopy recommended?
Firstly, the doctor does a physical check-up and tests such as blood tests. The doctor does an endoscopy if is still not satisfied with the tests. Such cases include:
- Vaginal bleeding
- Blood in the urine
- Stomach ulcer
- Acid reflux (GERD)
- Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD)
- Chronic constipation
Endoscopy is more accurate in detecting inflammation or smaller abnormalities such as ulcers or tumors. During endoscopy, the doctor can obtain small pieces of tissue or cells with a fine brush for microscopic examination.
This is not possible in the case of X-Rays. It allows the doctor to evaluate the nature of the abnormality and whether any abnormality is mild, severe or carcinogenic.